Each has its place in the hierarchy of the earth and all the relationships between people are subject to the same rules. In the understanding of Confucius ritual is a necessary rein to feelings and impulses that keeps them under control of the mind. Confucianism’s moral philosophy is based on the principle that man, being a small part of the whole of nature, a microcosm, is itself the general qualities of nature's order, justice, kindness, honesty. Therefore, it is enough for man to be trained and to be directed in order to improve. Perfection is given to them by example by their ancestors.
The teachings of Confucianism focused heavily of respecting and being kind to one another. Confucius and his disciples believed that people had a natural sense of empathy and that we owed it to one another to be kind to each other. This is a really big belief in modern society as well. We are taught as children that we should be kind to one another and care of one another. This has been a teaching throughout the centuries of human existence, and this isn’t just mentioned in the writings of Confucius and his disciples it’s also in the writing of other literary works as well.
He devoted his whole life to education and he had around 3,000 disciples. He also believed that political order would be found by the proper ordering of human relationships. He said that a good government must be filed with people who are well educated and consciences people which are called Junzi. Chinese people built temples to commemorate Confucius. Confucius temples are also called Kong Miao in Chinese.
The Terracotta Army was one of the many huge undertakings of his citizens took on, it took nearly 40 years to create the huge pottery army. The legalistic policies do not end there though, Qin shi Huangdi wanted to control creative thought. He did not allow any about philosophy, Legalism, his family, how the Qin empire was doing, or any books about himself to be written because, he believed that those who would read them would undermine him and his society. So any books that mentioned all of the topics that were just mentioned were banned and many of those books were burned. According to legend 400 or more scholars who were found in the possession of the banned books were buried alive.
Throughout five thousand years of Chinese history, there was such a unique empress named Zetian Wu. She was the first and only female emperor in Chinese history. As an intelligent, decisive, brave, impartial, prudent, responsibility, calm, and cruel woman, she became the only empress in the male dominated society and established her own dynasty. Her courage and wisdom won people's respect. Even though she was rude, her own exclusively statecraft and unique method to develop the Tang dynasty, led her period became heyday in that century.
The civil service examination system, which were central to confucian teachings, was present in both the Tang and Song dynasty. Therefore, only the most high ranking officials were scholars who mastered Confucianism the best. The emperor was recognized as the Son of God. According to Confucian teachings, the ruler of the people should be honorable while the citizens should be respectful and obedient in return, but that was not the case. “In reality, however, the system was heavily biased toward the authorities (Littleton 114).” This being a cause that led to the Tang Dynasty follow Buddhism.
History teachers claim 90% of the red Turbans were jealous of Hung-Wu Sources: www.Departmentart.com The Chinese History pages 145-150 Q2) What rules did Hung-Wu enforce during his reign • Hung-Wu believed in the traditional Confucian(www.Departmentart.com) examination system which selected the civil servants on the basis of knowledge which helped people to get education. •
To What Extent was Wu Zetian A Successful Leader? Wu-hou, whose original name Wu Zhao, also known as Wu Zetian, was born in 624 AD in Wenshui, which is now called Shanxi and died on the 16th of December, 705 AD in Luoyang. She had 4 siblings and 6 children. She was a concubine of Li Shimin, also known as Tang Taizong or Taizong, and was also a concubine of Taizong’s successor, Gaozong. 6(“Wu Zetian Becomes Empress of China: 690.”) She was famous because she eventually rose from concubinage and challenged the patriarchal system by advocating women’s intellectual development and sexual freedom.
Confucius lived in a period of time, which featured in Chinese history of philosophy "Hundred Schools of Thought". It is a period of time in Chinese history that philosophers, thinkers and the schools they were identified with flourished from the 6th century to 221 B.C., the year when the State of Qin united China under the First Emperor of China. One hallmark of their teachings, which were markedly different from the teachings of their contemporaries in Ancient Greek, was manifested in the fact that they were all attempting to provide practical and applicable solutions to the social and political crises they all were confronted with. For example, legalists promoted strict application of the law, arguing that punishments should be severe and definite so that the people will fear them. Confucius took a diametrically opposite approach from the legalists.
An individual could become a junzi by promoting certain qualities like understanding of suffering and a quest of morality and righteousness. Confucius and his disciple Mencius had an influence on Chinese thought and social practice. Chinese traditions of worshiping deceased ancestors and exceptional leaders inspired the growth of Confucianism as a philosophic custom and religion. Confucianism was established as the state’s official doctrine by Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty. However, both philosophies of Confucianism and Daoism believed that anyone can develop wisdom or skill, regardless of social status or birth.