The Benin bronzes, which are a large collection of sculptures, have caused much controversy in the Art as well as Anthropology worlds and have created widely circulated discussion throughout Europe. This is because of their importance, as not only displays of unique craftsmanship, but also as pieces of anthropological significance. The bronzes were from the West African kingdom of Benin which was situated by the river Niger, and around 2,400 objects were discovered and looted during the Punitive Expedition of 1897. Upon arrival the British expedition secured the bronzes and then subsequently sold them off to private collectors and public institutions; many of which were in Europe because of the large amount of people that wished to own them due to their significance. The bronzes visual
They became hostile toward them. In Jules Ferry’s speech (document 4), he talks about how the Europeans were the superior race and it was their duty to civilize the inferior races. This took place during the time of the Berlin Conference, when many European states tried to take power over most of Africa. Wilhelm Schallmayer (document 6) was a physician who wrote about how competition was driving out many of the native races, all where the Europeans had colonized and provided such competition. The purpose of him writing this essay was to show how the contrast in civilization was hurting the natives and was causing them to decline.
Because of this, the people knew they were not alone. They knew somebody else had gone through the same thing. This ended up making the world a more positive place. Although Elenor Roosevelt and Malcolm X's goals differed, their methods along the way were more similar than you could imagine. Their impact on the world will always be
From 1875-1914 Imperialism was part of our world, people saw it from different angles and had a variety of opinions. I believe humanity took a step back during this age of imperialism for many different reasons. This idea of imperialism was used to show power and had an impact such as; taking all of Africa’s recourses, they taxed everything and treated them as inferior, and finally it lead to wars between the Africans and the Europeans. These impacts also turned later into bigger more worldwide problems. The first reason humanity took a step backward during this time period was; they took all of Africa’s resources and left them with nothing.
America declared war on Britain in 1812 largely because of Britain’s practice of impressment. Although America chose to stay sovereign during Britain’s war with France, the British still kidnapped thousands of American sailors and forced them to work for the Royal Navy. Working for the Royal Navy was difficult work and some men died or were even killed during their service. Although impressment might’ve been practiced for centuries in Britain and they
For the newly arriving European settlers, the landscape held symbolic meaning and value to both environmental and economic. Cronan points out thinkers like Benjamin Rush, “The landscape was a visible confirmation of the state of human society. Both underwent an evolutionary development from savagery to civilization,” (Cronan, 6). This way Cronon describes that colonists did not arrive on the
The negative impacts due to diseases can be seen in Documents 4 and 6. In Doc 4, a report of the Conquest of Mexico, the author states the devastating effects of newly brought diseases in the Aztec kingdom. Because the Aztecs had not built up an immunity to Europeans diseases, when the diseases were brought over, the results were devastating, with many Aztecs dying and unable to provide food. Due to this report being an Aztec account of the Conquest of their land, the details may be slightly biased, and the negatives slightly exaggerated, in spite of the European conquistadors. The impact of disease ca also be seen in Doc 6, a report on the spread of disease into the New World.
The massacre changed the lives of the families and friends of the victims of the massacre, and it also changed the lives of the soldiers. The laws and protests during the time of the massacre were almost as horrific as the massacre itself. Most of the laws were set to tax the Colonies so that Britain could pay their debts, but they did not work due to the boycotts the Patriots had used to protests them. The Townshend Acts, created by Charles Townshend, were a taxation of all of all of the goods that were imported into America. The acts were so outrageous, that it eventually led to the Boston Massacre.
The process of decolonization was fundamental in Africa and how independence was achieved. Nationalism began in blossom in Africa between the world wars. One of the nationalist sources stopped from black leaders in the United States and West Indies concerned about Africa. Marcus Garvey’s black nationalist movement won loyalty on both sides of the Atlantic in the 1920’s this helped receive a define a positive African spirit. Nationalism was maintained by once the independence had been achieved by Kwame Nkrumah which is an American educator and first leader Of Ghana.
The European have broken the Igbo society into two. As a whole, this passage is about how the difference in tradition between the Europeans and the people of Umuofia led to a torn society. Chinua Achebe strengthened his claims of the important themes of the inability to communicate, which led to the state of depression, and eventually resulted to the Igbo society being torn apart, through the use of rhetorical questions, careful word choice, and symbolism. From this, he is able to grasp the reader’s attention, educating them about the Nigerian society’s disputes through its history of European colonization, which carry
While most thought that every nationality having their own nation-state would help people get along it did nothing but cause even more competition. (Section 25-1a, Spielvogel) On top of that, not all nationalities were granted their own state. The Slavics and Serbians are examples of this. (25-1a, Spielvogel) A Bosnian activist that worked for the Serbian terrorist organization called the black hand was actually who assassination Francis Ferdinand, proving that this was a major role in creating the war.
Howard Zinn uses historical writings to explain an imbalance in objectivity, perspective, and justice. History books are written by the victors not the vanquished which makes the perspective of the story teller biased. As the story of Christopher Columbus he has been hailed as a hero especially in public schools and recognized as an historical occasion to have a day off granted by the government. Many as we grow more educational find out this sinister legacy that was swept under the carpet because there is evidence that supports while in the “new world” he destroyed the native peoples of islands he explored and it devastated native populations. There is no justice being done when the perspective does not reveal a whole truth when the objective
Richard West was the man chosen to advise and determine the legality of new legislatures, yet in this case, his status and position was undermined in favor of the plantation bourgeoisie. Aside from humanity, the decision to alienate African Americans through legislation disregarded lawfulness in order to specifically benefit the plantation elite. This parallels decisions made by governments and corporations which exploit and endanger the environment. Similar to Richard West, environmental scientists are appointed to investigate our relationship to the earth, and advise accordingly. Scientists and environmentalists the world over have been warning us for decades about the consequences of our actions.
In these newly formed African colonies, Europeans had favored a particular ethnic group exacerbating much of the tension already in these colonies, more specifically Sudan and Rwanda. But after these colonies gained independence even more problems began to emerge. Both these regions experienced genocides as they were neglected by foreign governments, exacerbated with the little support nations gave, and in the end contributing to these mass murders.
Walker’s statement on the bottom of page 69 and the top of 70,”what now masquerades as World History is largely fictitious.” raises a serious topic that causes extremely heated debates. Agreeing with the statement, I understand that Walker wants the truth of Africa and its people to be heard and believed. European historians seized and intentionally manipulated history in order to create the idea of them being the founding fathers of the African civilization. When Europeans first began their journeys to Africa they were completely baffled in the discovering of something they were intimidated by. Africa was not a place that was meaningless and worthless, but instead to their surprise it was a place that was rich in culture.