Hamilton was still focused on creating a strong central government. In 1787 he arranged a meeting with other delegates to talk about ideas and trying to make attempts to fix the Articles of Confederation. In The Federalist Papers Alexander Hamilton wrote 51 of them and there were only 85. In the presidential elections in 1800 Thomas Jefferson and John Adams were the nominees. Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton were both running to be Thomas Jefferson’s vice president.
Benjamin Franklin was born January 17. Born in Boston, the youngest son of Josiah and Abiah Franklin. At the young age of 11 in 1717 he made his first invention. Benjamin started apprenticing for his brother’s print shop in 1718. He soon became tiered of his brother’s abuse causing him to run away from his home New England in 1723 to start a print shop in New York He failed to set up a shop and walked to Pennsylvania where he would become homeless and run out of money.
A captain in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, he famously announced "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country" just before being executed by the British for being a spy. He grew up in Connecticut and graduated from Yale College. He began his career as a teacher, but when the War for Independence broke out, he accepted a commission as a lieutenant in the Continental Army. He served at Boston and then New York, where he volunteered to go behind British lines to gather intelligence. He was captured by the British and immediately admitted that he was spying for General George Washington.
In 1681, William Penn (1644-1718) received a royal charter from King Charles II which allowed him to be the founder of Pennsylvania in British America. In this document students are able to see The Frame of Government Penn wrote for the new founding middle colony, Pennsylvania. The document was under a deep influence from the writings of James Harrington and was to provide a government for Pennsylvania which stated how many people could be in the council and assembly. Since Penn was known to be a Quaker he wanted this colony to be a haven for Quakers and other religious members who were always persecuted from the Church of England or from the Puritans as well as allowing the rich and the poor to have a voice in political affairs and not overrule one another. By late October 1682 Penn went out on his own to venture into the New World and would some come across an area that he would buy from the Swedes and would then name it Philadelphia.
These papers were eighty-five separate essays that’s intention was to urge the residence of New York to ratify the new United States Constitution. One of the eighty-five essays was titled, Federalist 16. This essay was basically Hamilton stating his opinion on why America should stick with the constitution. He says that the government before
Paine arrived in Philadelphia on November 30, 1774, his first job was there to edit the Pennsylvania Magazine. He had an early article called “African Slavery in America”. His fame was about to grow after the war in Lexington and Concord. He told
They have even proceeded to some violence, and burnt him in effigy.” Despite the evidence of hostility in the colonies to the south, Hinshelwood was hoping to be appointed a tax collector in Halifax. Although the Stamp Act occurred eleven years before the Declaration of Independence, it defined the central issue that provoked the American Revolution: no taxation without representation. The year is 1765 November, 12th, there is a group of 6 colonists meeting in an office to discuss the stamp act. It is the first time the colonists discuss the act. 4 are patriots and the other 2 are loyalists, let’s listen in.
“When James refused to publish any of his brother’s writing, 16-year-old Ben adopted the pseudonym Mrs. Silence Dogood, and “her” 14 imaginative and witty letters delighted readers of his brother’s newspaper, The New England Courant.” His brother James quickly grew very angry. Benjamin illegally left boston in 1723 and escaped to new york before settling in philadelphia in which will later become ben's home for the rest of his life yet to come. In 1724 young Benjamin left for london. One thing I found really interesting about Benjamin Franklin was is, when he was in london is that, Benjamin Franklin who was a self taught swimmer crafted his own wooden flippers.
It all started in 1776 when continental congress wanted a symbol to represent a new nation. Continental congress then selected a design committee to create a seal and that committee included Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson. According to greatseal.com they had little knowledge of heraldry. So they hired Pierre Eugene Du Simitiere to work with them and help bring each of their visions of the design to life. Du Simitiere had been in the United States for thirteen years.
Hamilton defended Loyalists against the rebels .In 1784, Hamilton took on the Rutgers v. Waddington case, which involved the rights of Loyalists. It was a landmark case for the American justice system, as it led to the creation of the judicial review system [Histon, 223,229,241]. He accomplished another history-making feat that same year, when he assisted in founding the Bank of New York. In defending the Loyalists, Hamilton instituted new principles of due process. Hamilton went on to take an additional 45 trespass cases, and proved to be instrumental in the eventual repeal of the Trespass Act, which had been established in 1783 to permit rebels to collect damages from the Loyalists who had occupied their homes and businesses.
On January 14, 1741 Benedict Arnold was born in Norwich, Connecticut. His father struggled financially, so as a kid Benedict was pulled out of school. Instead of school, he was an apprentice at his uncle 's apothecary shop. Arnold enlisted in the militia in 1757 and traveled upstate to New York to fight in the French and Indian War. Initially, he was working as a pharmacist and bookseller.
As we age and experience life our personalities change and we either become jaded or we learn from our experiences and make ourselves into a better person. The latter is how Benjamin Franklin approached his life. Franklin went from a poor boy barely scraping by to a wealthy man of privilege who used his wealth and status to help others, to continue to learn and develop a massive ego. Benjamin Franklin grew up one of seventeen children in Boston, New England. As a young child his father groomed him to become minster however his inability to grasp mathematics caused him to be removed from school and he became an indentured apprentice to his older brother as a printer.
He also made statements towards Britain taxes and was sent to Quebec on a job from Congress. When he returned he was not in time to vote for independence but he did sign the declaration and while he signed Ben Franklin said outloud a remark about him losing all his money for signing. Ben Franklin was famous because he was not born into money but made his way up on his own. Another man named George Taylor had an even harder start when he came to america like a slave. He worked his way up and became the first to supply the Army with musket balls.
John Hancock was born January 12, 1737, in Braintree Massachusetts. Hancock had a good education and graduated from Harvard College. After graduation, he worked for his uncle to take over the family business. As his uncle 's health gradually got worse, Hancock slowly took over the business. In 1764, his dad, Thomas Hancock, died leaving him the House of Hancock.
Thomas Fitzsimons was born In 1741, in Ireland (exact date and place unknown) and died August 26th, 1811 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Fitzsimons and his family traveled from Ireland to Philadelphia, in the mid 1750’s. In 1763 Thomas went into the trading business, with his new brother in law, George Meade. When Parliament reacted to the 1773 Boston Tea Party with punitive measures, which the Americans called the Coercive Acts, Fitzsimons felt that if British warships could close the port of Boston, no city in America was truly safe. These concerns forced Thomas into the patriotic cause and politics.