Benjamin Franklin's Aphorism

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A. Choose the best answer and write the letter in the blank. (40 pts.) _____ 1. Which of these sentences most likely comes from The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin? “I hope , therefore, that some of my descendants may follow my examples and reap the benefit.” “Philadelphia was a city at the heart of America’s independence.” “Benjamin Franklin also contributed to public service.” “Almost everyone secretly desires to attain perfection in some field.” _____ 2. How does Franklin begin his project to achieve moral perfection? He imitates engraved copies. He buys a speckled axe. He compiles thirteen virtues. He avoids trifling conversation. _____ 3. Which reminder from Poor Richard’s Almanack connects best to Franklin’s ideas about trying to become a better person? “Fools make feasts, and wise men eat them.” “Tis easier to prevent bad habits than to break them.” “If your head is wax, don’t walk in the sun.” “Keep thy shop, and thy shop will keep thee.” _____ 4. What view of human nature is suggested by Franklin’s aphorism “Three may keep a secret if two are dead”? Human beings like to gossip. People are naturally evil. All people are trustworthy. The secrets of the dead are impossible to uncover. _____ 5. What is Jefferson’s main form of persuasion in The Declaration of Independence? He has an unusual view of how government should work. He understands that the colonists should explain their actions. He offers a list of colonists’ complaints against the British king. He
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