To 0.05 ml of carbonate buffer (0.05 M, pH 10.2) and 0.5 ml of EDTA (0.49 M) was added. The reaction was initiated by the addition of 0.4ml of epinephrine and the change in optical density/min was measured at 480nm. SOD activity was expressed as units/mg protein change in optical density/min. 50% inhibition of epinephrine to adrenochrome transition by enzyme is taken the enzyme unit. Calibration curve was prepared by using 10 -125 units of
Since alkenes are immiscible with concentrated HBr, tetrabutylammonium bromide is used as a phase-transfer catalyst. It forms a complex with HBr and extracts it from the aqueous phase into the organic phase where the alkene is. This dehydrates the acid, making it more reactive so that the addition reaction is possible. Rapid stirring is required in order to maximize the surface area
In this experiment, two alcohols, 1-propanol and 2-propanol, were oxidized through combining each with an excess amount of chromic acid solution. The purpose for conducting this experiment was to determine the reaction rate constant at which aldehydes and ketones formed from the respective oxidation of 1-propanol and 2-propanol. From this value, the half-life of the alcohol during the reaction could be derived. The progress of the reaction was tracked through the color change of the solution through use of a spectrophotometer. The first 6 minutes of absorbance of each alcohol’s oxidation were graphed.
Spectrophotometric techniques UV spectrophotometric estimation of DOX is possible due to the presence of polyhydroxyanthraquinone chromophoric group on the 7,8,9,10-tetrahydronaphthacene skeleton. The drug when dissolved in ethanol (95%) shows characteristic peaks at 234 nm, 252 nm, 288 nm, 475 nm and at 530 nm (I.P 2014). Cia and coworkers reported the estimation of entrapment efficiency and drug loading capacity of polybutylcyanoacrylate magnetic loaded DOX nanoparticles (Cai et al., 2009). 2.10.2. Chromatographic
The hydroxyl group (-OH) of NaOH attacks an electrophilic carbon of >N-C=O which as rearrangement gives carbonial . This carbonial abstract proton from water to give NAG. The established over degradation of NAG to 4-MBA was also obseved in alkali condition. Degradation pathway of AN is shown in Fig.3. The isolated degradation products are subjected to Mass studies to obtain their accurate mass fragment patterns.
SYSTEM SUITABILITY THEORETICAL PLATES: A standard solution of 25 µg mL-1of Amoxicillin trihydrate (in triplicate) was prepared and same was injected, then the system suitability parameters were calculated. Theoretical plates per meter Theoretical plates per meter were calculated from the data obtained from the peak using the following expression n = (5.54Vr2)/LWh2 Theoretical plates per column Theoretical plates column were calculated from the data obtained from the peak. n = (5.54Vr2)/Wh2 Where, ‘n’ is number of theoretical plates per meter, ‘Vr’ is the distance along the base line between the point of injection and a perpendicular dropped from the maximum of the peak of interest and ‘Wh’ is the width of the peak of interest at half peak
Concentration of acid and reaction time Aim In this experiment, I’m going to find out the relationship between concentration (mole) of acid and carbonate’s reaction. Hypothesis If the concentration of acid is stronger, then the film canister will pop (react) faster. Because the concentration of Sodium carbonate is always same in my experiment, so the factor that changes the volume of carbon dioxide is concentration of Hydrochloric acid. If the concentration gets bigger, the proportion of acid gets bigger, which means there are more particles (molecule) that will bond with other particles (molecule). For this experiment, the proportion to get a CO2 is 2HCl+Na2CO3 = CO2.., which is 2+ Na2CO3 : 1.
In this experiment, absorbance at A400 was directly proportional to the number of moles of p-nitrophenol. This shows that there is a linear relationship between the absorbance and the number of moles of p-nitrophenol, which later also shows that there is a linear relationship between the absorbance and the concentration of the p-nitrophenol, as the number of moles of p-nitrophenol will increased when the concentration of p-nitrophenol increased. The R2 value obtained for the standard curve is 0.9997, which indicates that the data obtained fit the line of best fit, showing that the data are accurate. The values of absorbance per µmol of p-nitrophenol were then obtained from the gradient of the curve, which will later be used in calculation in determining the enzyme activity. Based on Graph 3, it was shown that the enzyme activity of alkaline phosphatase increased with the increase of MgCl2
In this experiment, it was possible to produce the major products from bromination of acetanilide and aniline. 0.075g of 4-bromoacetanilide and 0.156g of 2,4,6-tribromoanilne were collected from bromination of 0.07g acetanilide and 0.05g aniline with the percent yield of 67.57% and 88.1% respectively. At the end of the experiment, to prove the formation of the major products, melting point of the products were measured. The melting point of the product from the bromination of acetanilide was 164.8-168.50c, which is in the range of the melting point of 4-bromoacetanilide, 165-1690c, as reported on the Chemical Book, CAS Database List (chemicalbook.com). The melting point of the product from the bromination of aniline was 119.8-121.90c, which is in the range of the melting point of 2,4,6-tribromoaniline, 120-1220c, as indicated on PubChem, Open Chemistry Database (pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov).
In contrast to benzene, the electron density is not evenly distributed over the ring, reflecting the negative inductive effect of the nitrogen atom. For this reason, pyridine has a dipole moment and a weaker resonant stabilization than benzene (resonance energy) Production Chichibabin synthesis In its general form, the reaction can be described as a condensation reaction of aldehydes, ketones, α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds, or any combination of the above, in ammonia or ammonia derivatives.  In particular, unsubstituted pyridine is produced from formaldehyde and acetaldehyde Formation of acrolein from acetaldehyde and