Agamemnon’s taking of Briseis enrages Achilles and spurs him to remove himself from the war, leading to a massive death toll in the Achaean forces. In stealing Briseis from Achilles, he is not only robbing of him of a material prize, but also a symbol of honor, his geras, in Greek culture. In retaliation, Achilles removes himself from the war and prays to his mother, Thetis, that she will ask Zeus to damage the Achaean forces. Achilles’ only goal is that “even mighty Atrides can see how mad he was to disgrace Achilles” (1.488-490). Despite having no true grievance against the Achaean army as a whole, Achilles’ rage blinds him from the potential harm that may befall his troops.
The only thing on Achilles mind is killing Hector. Achilles is so angry at Hector that he only thinks about killing him and getting revenge. Achilles anger takes over his body and nothing can stop him from getting to Hector, not even the gods. Achilles finally gets to Hector and desecrates his body. Achilles does not give Hector or a proper burial instead he parades Hectors body on the back of his chariot.
Book 21 focused heavily on setting up for the audience and everyone around him that the entire reason he was there was to avenge his best friend and make sure that everyone responsible paid for his death. One particular quote caught my attention as being a good explanation, stating “No, you’ll all die, die ugly deaths, until you have paid for the Greeks’ loss, for Patroclus dead, killed by the ships while I was away” (Iliad, Book 21, 141-43). He also exposes his motive for why he feels he must avenge Patroclus- he feels responsible for not being there when Patroclus died, possibly able to prevent him from meeting such a fate. Now he is taking out his anger over Patroclus’ death on all Trojans and refuses to show any of them mercy. Going beyond just seeking revenge, he’s also continuing to partake in the aforementioned brutal violence.
Throughout history, there have been numerous heroes who have been celebrated and decorated because of their accomplishments. On the other hand, there are also numerous heroes who would have been decorated, but experience a downfall that tarnishes their status. This concept, the tragic hero, is a theory first pondered by Aristotle. In order to fully understand the tragic hero, it is important to first define it. According to Aristotle, the tragic hero is a character of noble stature, aligned with greatness but also flawed, experiences a downfall as a result of free choice, and does not wholly deserve their misfortune.
He has always pursued traditional goals familiar to Homer’s world and to many places in ours: help friends, harm enemies, earn honor for success in battle. Enraged by the tribunal’s failure to acknowledge his supreme martial skill, Ajax tries to murder all of the Greek leaders. After regaining his senses, Ajax makes this speech, which has the effect of misleading listeners into thinking that Ajax intends to soften and accept the tribunal’s decision, yet he claims that the Greek leaders are aiming to be more powerful than they should be. Ajax says “In future, then, we’ll know to yield to the gods / And learn how to revere the sons of Atreus” (666-667). For self-preservation, Ajax says that one should revere the gods and yield to the Greek leaders, but Ajax emphasizes the power-grabbing by reversing the verbs “yield”, and “revere.”
The theme of revenge as depicted in Homer's The Odyssey comes into play when Odysseus exacts his punishment on the wooers that invaded and denigrated his home. The revenge, in my opinion, was not only acceptable, but also, a necessity given the gravity of the situation. Although Odysseus' justice was swift and severe, this epic could not allow moderation in punishment, as it wouldn't follow the grandiosity of the story's theme. The actions of Odysseus were justified because he endured years and years of turmoil and battle.
Some moments from the text that demonstrate this importance are seen when Achilles chooses to remain in Troy rather and win glory by killing Hector rather than returning home to live in ease with his ailing father, essentially choosing glory and revenge over family ("The Two Kinds of Warriors: Hector & Achilles." 23). The idea of
It is evident from the beginning of the poem that Beowulf is meant to be the hero. He is strong, brave, and courageous but is also boastful and seeks only fame and glory. These characteristics are examples of things that could be related to hyper masculinity and are not necessarily desired in a hero today. In the quote “They have seen my strength for themselves, Have watched me rise from the darkness of war, Dripping with my enemies' blood. I drove Five great giants into chains, chased All of that race from the earth.
The obvious characteristics include godlike strength and bravery. They typically have an appearance that attracts those around them. Greek heroes, unlike modern day heroes, were selfish as they only cared about their honor and glory. Greek heroes are destined to live a short life, so they avoid running away from battle in hopes to obtain the greatest honor. Because heroes care so much about their pride and glory, they perform an act of hubris before they meet their tragic fate.
Heroes are a rare and amazing phenomenon. Two heroes that stand out in literature are Beowulf and Achilles. Beowulf is a Herot who is a selfless, even tempered, fate fighting warriors who saves his kingdom numerous times from threats, such as monsters and enemies. Achilles is a Greek, selfish warriors in Greece but has a hot temper and is often unforgiving. Achilles wants to help take the kingdom of Troy, but doesn’t agree with the war.
“Hero worship is natural to humans” (Scheske). There are two heroes who get worshiped; Beowulf and Achilles. Beowulf is important because he fought a monster to save a kingdom. Achilles is important because he fought to avenge his cousin’s death and also to help the Trojan war. Both if these heroes have courage and strength, but their values differ from each other.
Beowulf Impact on Society Beowulf is a brilliant piece of literature that greatly impacted the British society because of the qualities he obtained, his transformation to a mature adult, and his devotion to his society. Even though this story does not have a set author, readers are drawn to the thrilling challenges he conquered. Beowulf was a courageous individual who loved a good challenge. Even in the beginning Beowulf had the reputation of being strong, intelligent, brave, and bold.
Since it began in oral convention, the epic Beowulf has no known creator. It does, in any case, serve as a representation of the Anglo-Saxon society it begins from. As a show-stopper, it additionally fills its need of good direction, today serving as an exhibit of what qualities were essential to the Anglo-Saxon individuals. Particularly seen through the characters of Beowulf and Wiglaf, the ballad Beowulf represents three critical ethics of now is the ideal time: boldness, honor, and faithfulness. Beowulf, the saint of the lyric, shows incredible fortitude in all that he does.
Beowulf the epic poem and Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde both have some sort of way of portraying evil in our english literature beowulf “the hero” was created some time in the 7th and 8th century by an unknown anglo saxon poet. Beowulf background info. States “comes from the OLD ENGLISH or ANGLO-SAXON Literary and Historical period of what was then ancient Britannia. This period of Old English extends from about 450 to 066, the year of the Norman-French conquest of England led by William of Normandy or known as William the Conqueror.” According to About Education “Beowulf may have been composed as an elegy for a king who died in the seventh century, but there is little evidence to indicate whom that king may have been.”