Many of Reagan’s firmness led the destruction and downfall of the evil empire. In 1991, Reagan aggressive policies toward the Soviet Union was a factor that ended the cold war. In the other hand his opposition said that only the good fortune of sane leadership in Moscow save us all from the nuclear apocalypse. Reagan diplomatic legacy was more that his admires or critics are likely to admit. Reagan did led his country to a victory in the cold war but his great accomplishment came in his second term in office when he abandoned his earlier stance toward the soviet and took a more flexible stance to better the relations with a reformist and leader of the soviet union Mikhail Gorbachev by acting as Gorbachev partner as much as his enemy.
Looking at the Berlin Airlift, the Marshall Plan, and the Truman Doctrine can affirm the success of Harry Truman’s foreign policy of Containment during the Cold War. One instance in which Truman’s policy succeeded was during the Berlin Airlift. After World War II, the US, Britain, France, and the Soviet Union split up Berlin, each occupying roughly a quarter of it. In 1948, the US, Britain, and France wanted to combine their zones. To prevent this, the USSR cut off all supply lines to Western Berlin.
Lee states: “ (...) the pact was not necessary for Russia.” Laqueur, an American historian, argue that “it should not be assumed that without the pact Germany would have attacked Russia.” During 1939 Stalin focused on the Balkan States. In the end of 1939, Stalin launched about 20 Soviet divisions against 15 Finish. However, the Soviets experienced humiliating casualties before they were actually successful in taking the land in the beginning of 1940. From 1940 and the first half of 1941, the relationship between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany was becoming evidently worse. Hitler, expressed his view on the Winter War (the attack launched against the Finish) and regarded it “entirely unnecessary”.
The American public was not interested in increasing the country’s involvement abroad. However, two weeks before the speech, media coverage of the issue exploded, constantly emphasizing how vital it was to stop Soviet expansion and how only the United States could save Western Civilization. Public opinion on the matter changed radically. The Congress was also fairly easy to persuade, as the speech, passionate and reasonable, presented very clearly the intervention’s importance. The bill stating this historic change, know as Public Law 75, was signed in May 22, 1947.
The speech by Hitler showed his pride and there was hint of him rejoicing in his own achievement that he did not just pay lips service, but delivered what he promised the people. The Treaty of Versailles created multiple economic problems for Germany, such as inflation and unemployment, by demanding a reduction in Germany trade, reparations, taking away resources and industry. The German were separated from each other due to the Treaty of Versailles taking away Germany territory. An unpopular government was also put into place because of the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler wanted to make
One of Stalin’s main goals for building the blockade was to drive democracy out of the city. But of course that didn’t go as planned. In fact Berlin possibly became even more democratic after the blockade. Soviet authorities finally realized that the allies were determined to stay in Berlin and that the blockade was useless and on May 12, 1949, the blockade was taken down. The airlift continued until September 30, 1949.
The repetition of the statement reminds everyone who believes that a communist government is more successful than a democratic form of government only has to go to Berlin to see the drastic differences in development between the communist East Berlin and the democratic West Berlin. Not only is the western portion of Berlin succeeding economically despite efforts from the Soviet Union to stop this, but the fact that East Berlin had to build a wall to keep citizens of East Berlin from escaping to the western part of Berlin in order to achieve freedom is enough evidence to prove that the citizens of a communist country do not want the system once it is implemented. Kennedy uses this appeal to the logistical side of the argument in order to demonstrate the significance of stopping the spread of a flawed political system that is somewhat appealing to some
He spoke to an audience of 450,000 and presented his ‘Ich bin ein Berliner’ speech which was aimed at the Soviets and Berliners. It was a great morale boost for West Berliners who feared potential East Germany occupation of their territories. On 12 June 1987, U.S. President Ronald Reagan also challenged Mikhail Gorbachev, the General Secretary of the Communist Party using his words ‘Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall’ to symbolise the increasing freedom in Eastern Berlin. Another blow included the mass demonstrations.
The Soviet leader announced that the citizens of Berlin were now free to cross over the Wall. On November 9, 1989 the East German government opened the barriers (“Berlin Wall,” Encyclopedia Britannica). East and West Germany were officially united in 1990 ("Berlin Wall Built"). “The Berlin Wall came to symbolize the Cold War’s division of East from West Germany and of East from West Europe.” The West saw the Wall as a clear image of socialist oppression. There are still a few socialist countries today, but it is not as popular as it was before the Berlin Wall.
The book also shows how the weaponry battle was another big part of the war itself. The back and forth weapon making between the Yooks and Zooks resemble how the Soviet Union and The United States tried outdoing each other coming up with the more modern, more successful weapons. In both cases there was a wall that separated the two sides, in the book it was symbolism showing how they prefer to stay self segregated, just like the Berlin Wall in the actual Cold War. Overall the
The INF Treaty eventually led to the destruction of 859 American and 1,836 Soviet nuclear missiles. (Hoekstra Database) The amount of courage and optimism Regan put towards ending Communism was remarkable. He was the first president to ever really attempt to make progress with Gorbachev because many other presidents and world leaders had a great fear of Gorbachev. Regan did not fear Gorbachev, actually from his first day in office, he tried to mend the relationship between the two nations. Many people thought Regan or any other U.S. president did not have the ability to end the cold war.
From 1947-1991 the Cold War lasted between the United States and the Soviet Union. The two Administrations responsible for the victory over the Soviet Union in the Cold War are President Reagan and President Bush. President Reagan started his presidency in 1981, and after all his success while being president, he won re-election in 1985. Now, a key reason why the US remained successful with ending the Cold War after Reagan’s two terms was because in 1990 Reagan’s Vice President George H. W. Bush was elected President. This was a good turnout because Reagan and Bush shared a lot of the same ideas, so Bush was able to just pick up where Reagan left off.
Bringing you back to the Cold War, it was a state of military and political tension that took place for nearly 45 years! The Cold War began shortly after World War II, and was between the the USA and NATO allies (Western bloc) and the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact allies (Eastern bloc). It is called the Cold war as it lacked a lot of fighting like the the World Wars. It happened because the USA was basically against communism and wanted it to be replaced with Democracy etc., while the Soviet Union wanted to keep communism. Many major regional wars took place in Vietnam, Korea, and Afghanistan.
In January of 1942, Canada made its first comprehensive attempt to help Britain finance the war, Canada — knowing that Britain had no feasible way to pay for it — gave Britain war munitions worth $1 billion, nicknamed the ‘Billion Dollar Gift’, as well as an interest free loan of $700 million. (Mackenzie, 1). This gift and loan helped Britain maintain the strength of their war efforts for the rest of the year. The total amount of financial assistance Canada gave to Britain during World War 2 adds up to a little over $3 billion (Stacey, The Industrial Contribution), approximately $40.7 billion today. As a result of the Canadian government’s efforts, Canada was turned into an effective and exceptionally significant producer of munitions and war
Imagine if you lived in a place where you had no freedom, and you were ruled by a man like Joseph Stalin. That is what it would be like in many countries if it weren’t for the United States’ policy of containment. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union wanted to take over other countries and make them have the government system of Communism. The United States didn’t like that, because they thought their governmental system of Democracy was better. As a result, the U.S. adopted a policy of “Containment”.