The Cold War & The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall The Berlin wall was far more than just a physical barrier that separated East and West Berlin, it was symbolic of the boundary between Capitalism and Communism. Stemmed from lasting tensions of The Cold War, the Russian’s divided the German city of Berlin into two sides, not only creating political tensions, but cultural rifts and great tales of escape, too. The origins of the Berlin Wall came directly from what is now known as the Cold War, which originated from tensions following WW2. During the second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers. However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one.
3) Truman is to blame for the outbreak of the Cold War due to the changes in West Germany In January 1947, the United States and Britain merged their Western German occupation zones (Bizonia). Later, in April 1949, France merged with this occupation zone, creating Trizonia. Several changes were made and, in early 1948, the US and the Western European government announced an agreement to the economic rebuild of Germany, creating a federal government. They also introduced a new currency, the Deutsche Mark, in replacement of the one which was introduced by the Soviets, the Reichsmark. Shortly after, in June 1948, Stalin instituted the Berlin Blockade preventing food, materials and supplies from arriving in West Berlin.
Looking at the Berlin Airlift, the Marshall Plan, and the Truman Doctrine can affirm the success of Harry Truman’s foreign policy of Containment during the Cold War. One instance in which Truman’s policy succeeded was during the Berlin Airlift. After World War II, the US, Britain, France, and the Soviet Union split up Berlin, each occupying roughly a quarter of it. In 1948, the US, Britain, and France wanted to combine their zones. To prevent this, the USSR cut off all supply lines to Western Berlin.
One of Stalin’s main goals for building the blockade was to drive democracy out of the city. But of course that didn’t go as planned. In fact Berlin possibly became even more democratic after the blockade. Soviet authorities finally realized that the allies were determined to stay in Berlin and that the blockade was useless and on May 12, 1949, the blockade was taken down. The airlift continued until September 30, 1949.
His aim was to take control of the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia. The Sudetenland was home to over 3 million Germans who had been separated during the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler’s demand that the Sudetenland be returned to German control greatly contributed to the outbreak of World War 2. Czechoslovakia was in an alliance with France which meant that if Hitler invaded, the French would enter the war. Chamberlain feared that this would lead to the outbreak of a Second World War and so he met Hitler on two different occasions to try and persuade him to rethink his plot.
Imagine living in a world divided, physically and psychologically, where each side viewed each other as the enemy. The Democratic west and the Communist East both had many differences and, instead of putting aside their differences, they put up the Berlin Wall. The Berlin Wall had not only separated families and friends, but is had caused tension between the two superpowers of the world. However, on June 12, 1987, Ronald Reagan had given his “Earthshaking” speech in the heart of Berlin and demanded that Mikhail Gorbachev to “Tear Down This Wall!” This is viewed as the start of the fall of the Berlin Wall. Many critical events had led up to the Berlin wall.
In this letter we are able to look at the past and see more than just the history, we can appreciate how the people felt at those times of unfairness. This letter in particular makes you understand not all of Germany was with Hitler or the Nazi party. How one of the closest relatives of the leader of Germany, didn’t share his ideas and rather oppose them. I found the letter amazing for many reasons among them the story of William Patrick Hitler of standing up against one of the most dangerous leaders in the world, and the historic richness the letter
On June 26, 1963, John F. Kennedy stopped in the city of West Berlin in Germany which, at the time, was under American, French, and British control after the city of Berlin was split into four sections controlled by France, Great Britain, United States of America, and the Soviet Union following World War 2. Kennedy delivered this speech in order to reassure the citizens of West Berlin that they had the support of the Western powers such as America despite attempts from the Soviet Union to destroy West Berlin by blockading all roads and railways into West Berlin and constructing the infamous Berlin Wall to prevent those who were living under Soviet control from moving from East Berlin to West Berlin and achieving freedom. Kennedy used this speech to not only show support to the people of West Berlin, but also to show the Soviet Union that the USA and other powerful nations were backing up the citizens of West Berlin who were willing to
Then there was the Potsdam conference, which is when Truman met with Great Britain’s Winston Churchill and the Soviet Union’s Joseph Stalin. The most talked about subject and controversial topics in the U.S. was the decision Truman made to drop the Bomb on those Japan cities. One year later there was the start of the Cold war which caused Truman to start the Truman Doctrine, which was to provide aid to Greece and Turkey in an effort to protect them from Communist aggression. In 1948, Truman started an aircraft of food and other supplies to Berlin, and Germany. In the midst of all this he also discovered the new state of Israel.
One thing that happened during the war was the Great Migration, which was when over 6 million AfricanAmericans moved north. The United States didn’t enter the war until 1917 because of their policy of isolationism, but they entered because Germany sunk a British ship that had 128 American passengers on board, Germany sent Mexico a telegram trying to form an alliance, and America had loaned the allied powers lots of money and didn’t want to lose it if they lost. The United States also changed their foreign policy from isolationism to involved in world
A Night Divided took place in Berlin, Germany, a little bit after the World War II time. Greta’s (the main character) dad escapes the brick Berlin Wall, which was used to divide West Germany and East Germany. Now Greta is destined to find a way with her family to escape the extremely difficult route to freedom. The main reason on why the Berlin Wall was put up was because, Germany was not happy with the amount of people leaving East Germany to West Germany. West Germany contained the French Sector, British Sector, and American Sector; and East Germany contain just the Soviet Sector.
In 1946, Richard Nixon was part of the U.S House of Representatives; he was assigned to the Select Committee on Foreign Aid and told European countries about the Marshall Plan. To prevent European countries from turning communist, the U.S issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947 which was a speech spoken by Truman promising to take matters into his own hands to prevent communism from spreading and the Marshall Plan which was an economic plan in 1948. That same year, the Soviet Union decided to cut off West Berlin from West Germany in order for the people who lived in West Berlin to abandon their homes. The U.S and Great Britain both dropped supplies of food and fuel into West
Freedom is defined as “the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint.” However, prior to 1989, citizens of Berlin, Germany were somewhat unaware of this concept that seems so commonplace to Americans. The Berlin wall was built through the middle of the German capital, separating east and west Europe. The eastern half was ridden with economic restraint, poverty, and communism, while the western half was quite acquainted with freedom and the pleasures of the western world. Ronald Reagan, the president of the United States from 1981-1989, spoke at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin in 1987, urging the government to tear down the dividing wall and expose both halves to personal and economic freedom. Reagan uses
c) On August 13, 1961, the Communist government of the German Democratic Republic began to build a barbed wire and concrete wall between East and West Berlin. The official purpose of this Berlin Wall was to keep Western “fascists” from entering East Germany and damaging the socialist state. The Berlin Wall stood until November 9, 1989, when the spokesman of the East Berlin’s Communist Party announced a change in his city’s relations with the West. The 9th of November 1989 was the date that was considered to be the night the wall “fell”, however it took weeks to eventually get the whole wall down. People began to chip away at the wall and cranes and bulldozers pulled down sections.
However, the greatest weakness of the book is it often falls short of its claims and commits the act of omission. The book claims to offer a full and balanced perspective, however more often than not the American and Soviet stories focus on completely different aspects, rarely giving us the full perspective on events. Soviet reactions to American exploits are often neglected and the inner structure of the CIA is never as closely examined as that of the KGB. Additionally, its self praising, constant “never before seen” rhetoric gets tiresome fast. Battleground Berlin remains as an invaluable source for any student of Cold War espionage and despite its shortcomings still stands as a valuable contribution to the