His report of having shoulder tip pain indicates to the nurse that there may be a possibility of gallstones. The nurse expects there might be reduced blood flow and oxygen being delivered to his tissues indicated to him presenting with pale colour. The nurse would expect a patient Cholecystitis to present with upper abdominal pain that localises to the upper right quadrant then radiate to the shoulder/scapula region causing pain. Vomiting and report of a fever are generally present. Mr. Kasim Al-Mutar has not been documented to be jaundice, however, this is expected in most cases of Cholecystitis.
In infants can occur apnea, pause in the rhythm of his breath. Coughing can cause the patients to vomit and to lose consciousness, abundant vomiting can also cause dehydration (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.) When adults get B. pertussis infection, it is not as severe as when children get it (Konkel.) Pertussis, even if it is treated well, sometimes there can be serious consequences, for example, pneumonia sometimes appears or bleeding from the nose and mouth, due to coughing. In infants, asphyxia is very common, therefore, it is recommendable for infants under a year old need to be hospitalized in order to have an especial treatment (Centers for Disease Control and
Remington Stotler Advanced Adult Care Pre-clinical assignment Common Conditions: 1. Acute myocardial infarction/coronary artery disease is when the arteries that supply the myocardium are clogged up; the heart cannot pump blood effectively to adequately perfuse vital organs and peripheral tissues. It affects the arteries that provide blood oxygen, and nutrients to the myocardium. When blood flow through the coronary arteries is partially or completely blocked, ischemia and infarction of the myocardium could occur. Nitroglycerin (NTG) increases collateral blood flow, redistributes blood flow toward the sub endocardium, and dilates the coronary arteries.
Involvement of these nerves gives these patients the characteristic mask-like face with adducted eyes and down-turned mouth angles prohibiting voluntary facial movements 3, 4 .Dysfunction of cranial nerves III through XII is common, in particular glossopharyngeus (IX) and hypoglossus (XII) 4. This condition can be diagnosed early after
It may also be said that it is neurodegeneration with prodilection for the cortico motor neurons in the motor cortex and the bulbar and spinal motor neurons. Mainly the motor neurons are selectively targeted for degeneration in this disease. In 1993, missense mutations in the gene which encodes the antioxidant enzyme Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) were discovered in subsets of patients diagnosed with familial ALS .Its pathogenesis is complex and multifactorial and disease commonly characterized by stiff muscles, muscle twitching, and gradually worsening
If the plaque is small, it can often pass through the blood vessel allowing the vision to spontaneously return. When this occurs it is termed amaurosis fugax. Symptoms are similar to CRVO; a sudden, painless and complete loss of vision in one eye is the most common presentation. The Funduscopic examination is instrumental as it demonstrates pallor of the optic disc, a cherry red macular, edema of the retina, constricted and bloodless retinal arterioles and/or “boxcar” segmentation of the blood in the retinal veins. Carotid bruits are often found on clinical examination.
Chronic Kidney Disease is a progressive irreversible loss of kidney function over an extended period of time. It can be due to the presence of kidney damage or decreased glomerular filtration rate (Lewis). Kidney function is regulated though glomerular filtration rate (GFR). GFR gradually decreases due to nephrons being destroyed. Nephrons left intact are subjected to an increased workload, resulting in hypertrophy and inability to concentrate urine.
But not just infertile people could benefit from reproductive cloning. According to “‘Goodbye Dolly?’ The ethics of human cloning”, many people that are carriers of genetic diseases, such as X-linked and autosomal recessive diseases, as well as mitochondrial disease, choose not to have children because of the risk of them having the disease that they carry. Cloning can be used to give these people children that are genetically related to themselves, without the risk of having the diseases, or can be used to provide a twin embryo for biopsy in order to see whether or not their child has the genetic disease. With mitochondrial disease, cloning by nuclear substitution removes the possibility of it being passed down, as the mitochondrial DNA is left in the cell that the nucleus is taken from. With the possibility of giving these people genetically related
Adie syndrome, also called Holmes-Adie syndrome or Adie 's tonic pupil, is a rare neurological disorder, which affects the autonomic nervous system and the eye’s pupil (the opening in the centre of the eye). In most patients, the pupil of the eye is larger than normal (dilated) and react slowly in response to direct light. Poor or absent tendon reflexes are also linked to this disorder. Causes The exact cause of Adie 's pupil has been unknown. There are many potential causes, including a type of bacterial or viral infection that damages the nerves, but often Adie 's pupil is idiopathic, meaning it has no known cause.
It is a sex-linked trait. Both hemophilia A and B are inherited in an X-linked recessive disorder. The mutation would then have to happen in both X chromosomes for a girl to have hemophilia. For a boy to have Hemophilia the X chromosome would have to be dominant because males only have one X chromosome, so it is more likely for males to have hemophilia and they can’t be a carrier for the disease. A daughter however has two X chromosomes and can either be recessive and not have hemophilia, heterozygous or be a carrier for hemophilia, or homozygous recessive.
Amyloidosis occurs mostly in people whose myeloma has the light chain components of immunoglobulins to form a sticky protein called amyloid, impairs the function of whichever organ it is in. The kidney damage due to myeloma is fatigue, nausea, vomiting there also could be no signs and could cause foamy urine. Hyperviscostly syndrome can cause bruising from the mouth, nose, headaches, confusion, sleepiness, and problems with feeling their limbs. A bone marrow sample is taken to see what stage you can be treated
If a person only has one of the DMD recessive genes in their genotype paired up with the dominative gene of not having DMD, they are only a carrier of the gene. This means that the disorder is not active in them, but if they cross with another carrier of the recessive gene there is a 25% chance of their offspring having DMD active inside of them . To better understand the patterns of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, see the Pedigree below which shows three generations of
Limited range of motion left shoulder, morbid obesity (6’2” and 291 pounds), chronic lower back pain, lumbar spondylosis, osteoporosis (knee). Insomnia, sleep apnea, asthma, allergic rhinitis. Elevated cholesterol, vitamin B deficiency, gastritis, recurrent folliculitis/prurigo nodularis. Reporting health issues: Had difficulty with all personal care and all activities of
Some cases are missed and present during older age. • The diagnosis of cystic fibrosis requires symptoms affecting at least one organ system and evidence of abnormal CFTR function (sweat chloride tests or genetic testing). • Patients with certain mutations found on CFTR genotyping may benefit from treatment with Kalydeco (ivacaftor) or Orkambi (lumacaftor-ivacaftor). • DNase I (dornase alfa) is typically recommended for children with moderate to severe lung disease. • Chronic therapy with hypertonic saline, physiotherapy, and the antibiotic Zithromax (azithromycin) often help improve pulmonary symptoms.
Having a mutated ATP7B gene, and consequently a dysfunctional P-type ATPase protein, is considered to be an autosomal recessive trait. People who have this trait are able to pass it down to their offspring, who then become carriers of the gene themselves. However, since this mutation is a recessive trait, the affected offspring do not suffer from Wilson’s disease if only one parent is a carrier of the mutated ATP7B gene. Likewise, in the event that both parents are carriers of the recessive ATP7B mutation, the offspring will indeed inherit Wilson’s disease as a