“The belief was that the devil branded the bodies of witches with symbolic yet concrete corporeal malformations such as marks and growths” (Darr, 361). To find these marks, Darr states that, “They were stripped naked, sometimes having their bodies completely shaved, and every part of their bodies was thoroughly examined.” Similar to public confessions, using natural born marks as evidence against the accused is invalid, as this does not accurately prove the suspect to be a witch. Furthermore, the violation of privacy to find these marks is inhumane and animalistic. Therefore, using illegitimate and compromising proof against those convicted of witchcraft is not only dehumanizing and corrupt, it further reinforces that these trials were a social injustice and a horrendous deed committed on United States
Danforth's power blinds him to the truth, and prevents him from seeing the effect that his actions have on the lives of innocent people Arthur Miller argues that being fearful or damaging one's reputation is what caused people to act irrationally and against their morals, coming off as selfish and arrogant, and leading to the Salem Witch Hysteria. Through the characterization of Hale, Parris and Danforth, it is evident how excessive pride makes people unwilling to admit to their mistakes, with the fear of a reputation damage. Miller's descriptions of the frailty of arrogance, can be used as an example of how arrogance turns people against each
Maimonides, a Jewish philosopher, began to insist that circumcision should be only for the purpose of faith, for it is a difficult thing for someone to do to themselves and should only be done to “quell the impulses of matter” and to “perfect what is defective morally” (Maimonides). At this time, it had become apparent to most scholars that the foreskin of the penis allowed for greater sexual pleasure than would be possible otherwise. Maimonides believed that the bleeding and loss of covering weakened the penis, reducing a man’s lustful thoughts, leading to less pleasurable sex. In the 13th century, Isaac Ben Yediah, a disciple of Maimonides, proposed the idea that circumcision was the only way to reduce a woman’s sexual desires. He postulated that with non-circumcised men, she would always orgasm first, so her sexual appetite would grow, whereas with a circumcised man she would never orgasm, making her believe that sex is not very pleasurable an act (Davis).
Abigail’s Malfeasance Lucius Annaeus Seneca, a Roman philosopher and writer, once said. For example, in the play The Crucible by Arthur Miller, Abigail blames and accuses others; however, she was really the center of the problem. Consequently, Abigail is the one person to blame for the Salem Witch Trials getting so out of hand. She systematically accuses more and more people, all for her agenda of being with John Proctor, and continually ramps up the hysteria whenever the villagers had reason to doubt her. Therefore, Abigail should take the blame for the Salem Witch Trials, not the town as a whole.
Reverend Parris is concerned that the town is discontented with the executions. “This way, unconfessed and claiming innocence, doubts are multiplied, many honest people will weep for them, and our good purpose is lost in their tears” (128). Parris realizes that the hysteria in Salem has caused the majority to unreasonably view innocent people as threats and how the government unjustly eliminated them. The fundamental purpose of the trials was to oust witches in order to return Salem to a Christian community. Instead, it has created a society of hate and prejudice.
At that point in time Mary Warren and John Proctor both tried to prove Abigail Williams and the other girls of faking it until, act 4 when she backstabbed John Proctor and made her own claim that John Proctor was satan.”You’re the devil’s man.” (Miller 110). Mary knows what Abigail was always a threat and being on her side was an advantage, John Proctor was foolish for thinking Mary would keep her word and tell on the girls. He out of all people should know how powerful Abigail
There are very few pieces of literature with more mystery surrounding them than Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. One of the aspects of the book that is still controversial is the topic of religion, and how religion comes into play in the book. Although multiple interpretations can be made into what was intended by Mary, since the title of the work includes “A Modern Prometheus” Greek mythology is inarguably present in her work. Similar to Prometheus Victor exceeds what the gods allow, and as a result of this is punished. Although the people of Greece were polytheistic, the god they gave their highest respect to was Zeus.
When Proctor wants to prove how bad of a person Williams is, is when he decides to tell the truth about his affair to the court. When Proctor confesses, the judge, Danforth questions Elizabeth Proctor, she denies it. All she wanted to do was to save her husband's reputation but indeed she just made the situation worse. With Hale being present to, he realises her motive for lying only to protect her husband, but Danforth’s suspicions only rise. Given this state, Williams only appears stronger in the story line and convinces Danforth that she and the others girls are being attacked by Mary Warren's spirit, while Proctor ends up in
Flagellants were born, the flagellants were professional self-tortures would whip themselves for a fee to bring God's favor hoping to stop the plague. These guys thought that the Black Death was a punishment for sin and the only way to pay back this punishment was in physical terms. Also there was another group called "pseudo-flagellants", though they would perform unusual sexual acts in public. The Church outlawed both groups but this was not to stop them. It also brought other negative effects such as in the arts of those days, in fact scenes of deaths and dead people were the central idea of the paintings and statues.
After researching this term I felt quite foolish as I realize now how much of the term is simply contained in the name! Nude worship is not something that is unique to Paganism, however I feel as though Paganism carries a unique connotation in that regards. There is no shortage of literature that connects Paganism to evil or ill intentioned foundations and therefore things society finds unacceptable. To worship nude, especially in groups as many Pagans