Bessie’s quotes “The air is the only place free from prejudices.” relates when she was the first African American women to fly an airplane. In her quotes she is saying that on the air, she felt free because no one could judge her. She believed that it doesn’t matter what color you are, to achieve something, she took no for an answer. Bessie was the first African American women to fly an airplane, but to do that she had to achieve the three goals she made for herself, learning how to ride and earn a pilot's licence, becoming a recognized stunt and exhibition flyer, and Bessie did not live long enough to achieve her third goal, which was to create an aviation school where young black Americans could learn to fly and prepare for careers …show more content…
Bessie was born to George and Susan Coleman as the tenth of thirteen children. Bessie’s family moved to Waxahachie, near Dallas while she had still been a toddler. When she was seven years old her father, who had been three-fourths Indian, moved back to the Indian territory, leaving their mother with four daughters and one son while he had taken the rest of their children. Susan Coleman, Bessie’s mom supported her family by picking cotton and taking in laundry, and the children helped her with her work. Her mother could not read or write at that time, but she encouraged her children to learn as much as they possibly could, so they could achieve huge accomplishments in the future..When Bessie was eleven years old, two people, Orville and Wilbur Wright had made the first victorious airplane flight near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, on December 17, 1903. The flight had taken place on a narrowing strip of sand called Kill Devil Hill, a thousand miles from the Texas cabin where Bessie had lived. Yet in all the lives of both Bessie and wright brother are forever linked because they were all pioneers in the field of …show more content…
To her shows she dressed in a stylish military uniform. Flying above the ground in her Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" biplane, she performed breathtaking accomplishments, such as, loops, spirals, and astonishing dives. Bessie would have an assistant fly her plane while she performed a daring parachute jump, but she only had done that at some shows. Some people had called her "Queen Bessie" because that was her nickname and because of the striking stunts she had performed in air shows. During a show in California, Bessie had suffered with broken ribs and a broken leg when she had to crash-land after she had, had mechanical difficulties. The injuries she had kept her out of flying for practically two years, but she had later returned to make a highly successful tour of Texas and the South. The tour had brought in a considerable amount of money, and Bessie felt she would be ready to open her school after doing a final tour of Florida. On April 30, 1926, Bessie and a mechanic were making a test flight in Jacksonville, when the plane went into a sudden dive and crashed, killing both occupants, Bessie and the mechanic. Bessie was buried in Chicago, where 5,000 supporters attended her funeral. In the years since her tragic death, Coleman's legacy has inspired numerous African-American women to realize their
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Annie Jean Easley was born April 23, 1933 to Mary Melvina Hoover and Samuel Bird Easley, in Birmingham Alabama. She was raised, along with her older brother, by a single mom. Annie attended schools in Birmingham and graduated high school valedictorian of her class. Throughout high school Annie wanted to be a nurse because she thought that the only careers that were open to African American women at the time were nursing and teaching and she definitely did not want to teach so she settled on being a nurse but as she studied in high school she began thinking about becoming a pharmacist.
At a young age, she knew she had a unique voice, so she used it and with the help of her brother Andrew playing guitar, she became a street singer begging for money. Around 1920, she settled down in Philadelphia and in 1923 she married a man named Jack Gee. Later in that same year, someone from Columbia Records recording company found her and they decided to sign a contract for her. Her first song was called “Down-Hearted Blues” and it sold about 800,000 copies, making her famous. Bessie performed in many shows with people such as Louis Armstrong, Clarence Williams, and Fletcher Henderson’s band.
Dorothy Johnson Vaughan was born on September 20th 1910 and died November 10th 2008 at the age of 98. She worked for National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in Virginia. At the age of seven Dorothy’s parent Leonard and Anne Johnson moved to Morgantown, West Virginia. Dorothy graduated from Beechurst High School in 1925 and in 1929 she later received a Bachelor of Science degree from Willberforce University Greene County, Ohio. Much of Vaughan’s early work focused on flight and the ability of machines to fly since U.S. military strategists believed World War II would be won by the air.
When she was born she had the name of Bessie Lee Pittman. She worked in a beauty school and at a doctor 's office as her jobs. While she was on a trip in Miami, Florida she attended a society dinner. She sat next to Floyd Odlum and after awhile they started to talk together. She married Oldum in 1936.
The Tuskegee Airmen The United States Air Corps had an age-old policy of not allowing Negroes into the Air Force. Before the 1930s, civil rights for colored people was not of national interest. The Air Force couldn’t be compelled to be open their ranks on even a segregated basis. It wasn’t until the mid-late 1930s that the Negroes could actually fight for their country in aerial battle.
There Bessie completed flight training at the best school in France and was awarded her Federation Aeronautique Internationale (F.A.I.; international pilot’s license) license on June 15, 1921.” (“www.notablebiographies.com”). Bessie traveled to Europe to gain further flying experience so Bessie could perform in air shows. (“www.notablebiographies.com”). Bessie would be a leader for introducing aviation to any race by finding a school and Bessie would appear before audiences such as in the churches, schools, and theaters to try to persuade people to be pilots.
She was even offered a job by the Red Cross, but she refused because it was run by the military and therefore, supported war. In 1931, Jane received the Nobel Prize for what she had done, including Hull House and many other acheivements. She died on May 21, 1935.
“It’s a long old road, but I know I,m gonna find the end,” that is one of Bessie Smith famous quotes. Bessie Smith is an American blues singer and is also known for “Empress of the Blues”. Bessie Smith was born April 15, 1894 and died on September 26, 1937. First I’m going to talk about her whole life. Then I’m going to talk about her career and what songs she did.
She guided music like blues, jazz, and rock and roll music as well. She was born on April 15th, 1894 in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Unfortunately, she lost both of her parents and a brother before the age of 10. For this reason, her oldest sister took care of the 4 remaining children. Her family was already poor before her parents died, so life was
Jane Addams life as a child was not easy, she had a congenital spinal defect which led to her never being physically strong and her father who served for sixteen years as a state senator and fought as an officer in the Civil War always showed that his thoughts of women were that they were weak, and especially her with her condition. But besides that she lived a very privileged life since her father had many famous friends like the president Abraham Lincoln. Jane was determined to get a good education which she ended up getting. She went to Rockford sanitary for women which is now called Rockford University and she also studied to be a doctor but had to quit because she was hospitalised too many times. Being sick affected her life very much so when she got older she remedied her spinal defect with surgery.
“The airplane stays up because it doesn 't have time to fall” Wilbur Wright said this quote because he never gave up on inventing the first plane. Through his and orville’s trial and error they created and flew the first plane in mankind. Through their creation they changed the mode of transportation forever. The airplane now travels people, animals and luggage in a very short amount of time. The Wright Brothers didn 't just affect america but the whole world!
There are many accomplishments they made, but their biggest is they made the first successful plane. I know this because it says on www.biography.com “The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the
She was one of the first female applicants to be an astronaut and ended up being the first American woman to go into space. Her feat has been an inspiration for women to pursue their dreams of STEM careers. This is why she founded Sally Ride Science in 2001. Her nonprofit organization sought to inspire women in STEM. Before she died, the organization accomplished organizing science festivals, running an engineering design competition, writing STEM books, holding the Sally Ride Science Academy, and more.