In 1915, a woman who would shape the meaning of jazz was born. Her name was Billie Holiday. Her life was marked by tumult and poverty; however, through the many hardships she faced, she remained strong and determined. Today, she is regarded as one of the best jazz vocalists of all time. Her renowned voice was distinct due to her abundant use different tones and with her ever changing range.
Billie Holliday's life was tragic. Born into poverty and out-of-wedlock, she rose to a position of artistic preeminence in the world of jazz, but her personal life was one of constant turmoil and struggle. She fought seemingly endless wars-with drug addiction, narcotics agents' harassment, racial discrimination, self-serving lovers, and with human parasites in and out of the music business. Withal, her vocal artistry was joyously and bitters sweetly transcendent. Many serious listeners consider her the greatest jazz vocalist ever.
Ella’s first big break was when Chick Web hired her to sing in his band in 1935. She recorded her first album with Chick and her first hit. At age twenty she reached number one in national charts for the song, "A-tisket, A-tasket" recorded with Chick. He fostered her talent and was, essentially, the reason for her fame. Her fame would not have been possible without Chick being her mentor.
In need of capital to expand the Sun label, Sam Phillips sold Presley's contract to RCA in late 1955 for 35,000 dollars. During the early years of his music career Elvis song many songs that were in that time considered black music. “Legend has it that Presley was the white boy singing black music that Sam Phillips was seeking in order to make a fortune” (Elvis Presley). This caused a huge eruptions in his fans because he was drawing in both white and African American youth to his songs. Because of the explosion of fans he had Elvis became one of the most loved and admired artist at the
("African American Music History Timeline," n.d.). Following the release of Crazy Blues, record companies sought female blues artist to match the sales of Mamie Smith’s Crazy Blues. Several black women that promoted the era of classical blues include Alb Hunter, Bessie Smith, Ethel Waters and Ma Rainey. ("History of African American Music," n.d.). Ultimately, the evolution of blues music and “race records” created opportunity for African Americans in the recording industry and was highly influential to development and promotion of many music
In harriet Tubman's lifetime she has accomplished many great achievements, however only one can be the greatest. Harriet Tubman was born into slavery in 1822 as Minty Ross, then later married John Tubman in 1844 making her Harriet Tubman and later died in 1913. Once her master had died in 1849 she made the decision to leave her Husband and her family to run for freedom, accomplishing many achievements. However, what was Harriet Tubman's greatest achievement? Harriet Tubman's greatest achievement was the Combahee River Raid that was on June 2, 1863 due to the number of people she helped and the time spent while her other achievements were significant.
Harriet Tubman was a Civil War nurse, an Abolitionist, Advocate of Women’s Suffrage Movement, Civil Rights activist, Prominent figure in the Underground Railroad, and the first women in America to conduct an armed military raid (Accomplishments”). Harriet Tubman was free for 12 years, in those 12 years Harriet helped turn the Underground Railroad into one of the most important aspects of abolitionism and Harriet became one of the most active Figures in the movement (“Harriet Tubman Summary”). “Harriet Tubman helped shelter the poor and the elderly on the farm in Auburn though she herself struggled financially” (“Harriet Tubman Summary”). Harriet being a Conductor, she guided many slaves to freedom in her lifetime. Harriet, being raised as a slave and being black hasn’t stopped her from achieving these
There are famous jazz artists that came after the Harlem Renaissance such as Miles Davis, Nina Simone and Wynton Marsalis. Also, today, the most popular jazz artists are Michael Buble and Sam Smith for the younger generation. The women of the Harlem Renaissance were also influential many as singers, Jazz and Blues music). Others were dancers, poets, comediennes, and writers. Some of the most famous entertainers and/or singers were Ethel Waters, Ella Fitzgerald, Marian Anderson, Lena Horne, Josephine Baker, Bessie Smith, Billie Holliday, and groups like the Dandridge sisters.
The following year she released another album which was called “Amor Prohibido” that also went gold. With these achievements, this made Selena the first women to achieve huge success in Tejano and the first Tejano artist to win a Grammy award and have albums go gold. After achieving so much success in Tejano music Selena wanted to crossover to American music. She started recording the album “Dreaming of you” but sadly she did live to see her album success. Selena was murder on March 31, 1995.
She also wrote the soundtrack “I Will Always Love You”, which became the best-selling song in history, which earned her a Grammy award. According to Forbes Magazine Whitney was the third highest earning female entertainer from 1993-1994. Premiere magazine named her one of its “100 Most Powerful People in Hollywood.” Whitney’s popularity died down in the late 1990’s after that she spent the end of the 2000’s working on a new Album. In 2009 she made a modest comeback with her “I Look To You”
Etta James was born Jamesetta Hawkins in Los Angeles and had a very tumultuous childhood as she was brought up by foster parents who ill-treated her. By the age of 5, she was known as a gospel prodigy, gaining fame by singing in her church choir and on the radio. At 12, she moved north to San Francisco, formed a trio and was soon working for band leader Johnny Otis. Four years later, she recorded, Roll with Me Henry, with the Otis band. James’ solo career was a slow starter, and she spent several years cutting low-selling singles for Modern and touring small clubs until 1960, when Leonard Chess signed her to a new record deal.