In this academic paper the three most important ones will be listed. In OECD countries the main cause of economic inequality is the inequality of wages and salaries. Robert Sutton made the point that income inequality is the natural, expected and welcome consequence of an economically free society (Sutton, 2008). While his statement is true, it actually does not go far enough. A major cause of economic inequality is the determination of wages in the labor market.
The ways in which these social structures can affect certain groups as a whole determine the successes and drawbacks of an individual’s life. Using a group centered approach as a tool to identify these structural inequalities is essential because it is only after structural inequalities are defined that we can then work to remedy them. In order to accurately judge what is just and fair and what is not, structural inequalities must be identified. A focus on groups allows this particular kind of inequality to come into focus, subsequently enabling us to move forward and address the inequality. Young asserts that “evaluating inequality in terms of social groups enables us to claim that some inequalities are unjust because such group-based comparison helps reveal important aspects of institutional relations and processes” (Young 2001, pg 2).
Some of the early sociologists had very strong views on how society should develop and so whilst they might have used positive sociology they would also have dealt with normative sociology. Normative sociology deals with value judgements. The statement, “the government should restrict social security payments even if it leads to higher deprivation” is an example of a value judgement because it is built on the basis of individual beliefs and cannot be scientifically tested. Positive sociology evaluates by looking at whether the hypotheses successfully predicts the results. This has been useful in evaluating empirical evidence, but may have led sociologists to concentrate too much on easily quantifiable areas of sociology.
One would believe that in today’s society the level of inequality decreases or no longer exist yet daily one’s “attributes such as minority status, gender, and class affect a person’s access to socially valued recourses” (Sociology 1000. Pearson Collection pg. 258). Social inequality can be measured through inequality of conditions, and inequality of opportunities. Inequality of conditions allude to the unequal distribution of material goods, income, and wealth.
It is said in the article that "if we have excessive inequality, it's because our economic rules allow or encourage it.'' Blessington (2016). Rules must be changed in order for there to be a change in our economy suffering from income inequality. It is all about winners and losers, the winners are those born into money and the loser are those who work and are middle class, or those suffering from poverty. Things you cannot control even sometimes with proper education, you may still end up losing.
Migration has a tendency to influence where they can be the most productive and have a positive net return. This theory is essentially communicating that people migrate due to the lack of labor and wage differences in their countries to superior countries that will offer higher wages. From my standpoint, in terms of the Neoclassical Economics theory, I believe that it does a substantial task of describing the primary reasons to why people migrate, however, it does exclude important views. Some strengths that this theory contains, in my point of view, is the excessive amounts of connections that migrants would have with this theory. For instance, this theory is tremendously relatable to my father due to the fact that his primary focus was to migrate from Mexico to the United States to seek a higher wage job, hence moving from a low wage country
It may be justified that the society constitutes the individual, but the representation could have been wide spread In spite of the low coverage, the many findings and the interesting attitudinal contrasts of the members towards their own quandary and also towards the other castes are revealed. The study points out an important reality about India i.e. Caste has a pervasive influence on people’s lives and attitudes. The major population believes that the cause of caste rivalries began due to economic conditions, in reality the truth of origin may be different but the ideology driven is this as per the study made by Mr. Paranjpe Study finds out the obvious fact too. The iniquitous practice i.e.
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Sociology The concept of social stratification Social stratification is a system through which a society the society ranks people categories in a hierarchy. In the majority of the society, some of the groups have attained greater power, status and wealth when compared to others. These are the differences that constitute to social stratification. Social stratification is specific types of social inequality. All the societies have a tendency of categorizing the members in terms of equality, superiority, and inferiority.
According to them, redistributive policies which attempt to create equality can harm a nation’s ability to grow. But we cannot rest our theories on basic logic, we must go deeper. As Economists have taken data, compiled it, and studied it, some have seen that quite a few variables in their models suggest a negative relationship between equality and growth. Lundberg and Squire (2003) have analyzed their models of choice, they have found earlier that growth and inequality are interlinked and when they further analyzed this connection they saw that in some cases there is a necessary tradeoff between growth and equality. “These
Relative poverty is an income inequality measure whereby an arbitrary income level is set as the level below which people in the particular country are considered to be poor. When analyzing income inequality, there are two main categories which may seem similar but in reality have very different meanings. The first one is the income inequality within a country which is usually measured with the Gini Index. The second one is the income inequality between countries which is measured as the difference in National Income. This paper will mainly focus on intra-national income inequality.