In “The Scarlet Letter” he depicts it as an oppressive 17th – century Puritan society. “The style of Puritanism that Hawthorne presents is drab and gloomy, preoccupied with judgment and punishment, unrelenting and dogmatic,”1 writes Deborah L. Madsen in her book, “American Exceptionalism.” Hester Prynne, the main character accused of adultery, is persecuted by Boston community. Not only adults despise her, but also children who, blinded by the decayed values and norms, humiliate her and her child, Pearl. The character of Hester symbolizes the fight against Puritan enslavement, the need to modernize the prevailing norms that cause nothing but harm to American society. Opposing the society, and not obeying the Puritan religious standards, Hester unconsciously gives the Bostonian community an impulse to contradict deformed norms.
By using biblical allusions, he is relating to people of holy nature and those that have strayed from religion that would understand the “falling from grace” and the “thirst” remaining. The biblical references shift from beginning to end. In the beginning Soto uses the references to show his guilty sin, treating it as a dirty secret that fuels his “boredom for sin.” Then near then end the references become dark in the recollection of his sin. Relating to Adam and Eve being cast out because of tasting the forbidden fruit and being unable to contain their want in comparison to himself being overcome by “sweet” and the
Antonio begged God to forgive Andrew (Antonio’s brother) “Your brother has sinned with the whores, and so I condemn him to hell for eternity!”(Pg.173). Antonio’s demeanor portrayed confusion and fear of why he is the chosen one to save his brothers when he is hopeful for their saving of him. “Oh, I cried, forgive me Lord! I have sinned, I have sinned exceedingly in thought, word, and deed. My thoughts have trapped me and made me flee from you!”(Pg.173).
When Adam and Eve deceived You, You chased them from paradise… But look at these men whom You have betrayed, what do they do? They pray before You! They praise Your name!,” (pg.68) because of all the horrors and mistreatment Elie has endured, like witnessing infants being thrown into the trenches, “... Children thrown into the flames,” (pg.32), and watching his father being slapped, “... he slapped my father with such force that he fell down and then crawled back to his place on all fours,” (pg.39), his faith is distinguished. This contrasts to the beginning of the book where Eliezer says he cannot imagine a world without God, “Why do I pray? Strange question.
Jean- Baptiste Molière uses irony many times throughout the play, but more specifically when Tartuffe describes himself as a sinner. For example in act three scene six, “Tartuffe: Yes, my brother, I’m wicked through and through. The most miserable of sinners, I. Filled with iniquity, I should die.”(Moliere 175). Moliere portrays Tartuffe blameful by agreeing to his love for Elmire.
The poem bases around how the weak Puritans are falling into sin and self-satisfaction. It narrates the details of the Second Coming of Christ and the day of judgement. "Day of Doom" creates a mental picture of what it will be like on the day of judgement. The poem harshly describes God 's justice and the horrors awaiting sinners. Wigglesworth 's vivid representation children and infants characterizes the inflexible doctrine of Calvinism.
Elie Wiesel, in his novel, Night writes about how during the Holocaust, Jews faced brutalizing and had to overcome tremendous difficulties. He adopts a mournful tone in order to explore the idea that the Nazi persecution was atrocious with struggles in humanity. Through personification. Wiesel implies, trying to find strength from within can lead to isolation of the soul. Wiesel uses personification to demonstrate loneliness: “I shall never forget Juliek...I don’t know how long he played.
The poorest class is also symbolized by the valley of ashes because it expresses who live within the dirty ashes lose their spirit. Biblically, the valley of ashes is a prime example of sin and secrets. “Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather, be afraid of the one who can destroy both soul and body in Gehenna.” (Matt. 10:28) This biblical reference relates Gehnna (hell) to the valley of ashes.
And how dare you even try To tarnish this man’s virtue with a lie”(Tartuffe 3.6.19-20). Tartuffe’s greatest act in the play is shown when he begins to tell Orgon his true demeanor. He tried to take piety on himself by bashing himself so that Orgon would feel bad. “ Yes, my brother, I’m wicked through and through. The most miserable of sinners, I.
Later punished by his disobedience Uzziah was struck with leprosy. God offers Ahaz a sign, in Isaiah 7:11 it states “Ask the Lord your God for a sign, whether in the deepest depths or in the highest heights.” Ahaz was Judah’s worse
In Chapter 7, Nick brings up Eckleburg’s eyes after describing how the news of Myrtle’s infidelity had caused George Wilson to become ill. “Over the ashheaps the giant eyes of Doctor T.J. Eckleburg kept their vigil” (Fitzgerald 124). Fitzgerald’s mention of Eckleburg’s vigilant gaze illustrates that God was scrutinizing the actions performed by the characters of the story, providing his own judgement on their wickedness. During the 1920s, a decline in human morality was a common part of the American life due to both preexisting and newly introduced concepts, such as evolution, which refuted the necessity of religion in a modern society. By showing a symbol of God to be constantly judging the characters’ absences of morals which caused many issues such as careless murder and cheating, Fitzgerald criticizes modern American society and portrayed a lack of morals in a highly negative light. Outside of the text during the 1920s, the literary period of Modernism had been prevalent due to many people experiencing postwar disillusionment and abandoning their faith in the American Dream.
But when Virgil and Dante see Satan they see that he is chewing on three of the worst sinners to be known one was Judas who betrayed the son of god and the other two were Cassius and Brutus they both betrayed god too “That soul up there which has the greatest pain the master said is Judas Iscariot with head inside he piles his legs without of the two others who head downward are the one who hang from the black jowl is Brutus see how the he writhes himself and speaks no word and the other who so stalwart seems is Cassius” (Dante line-62-65) they are the three worst sinners and he is chewing on
His mind is in constant turmoil from his immorality, transforming him into a guilt-ridden tortured soul, because of his secret. Hawthorne expresses Dimmesdale 's morbidness when he says, “Yet Mr. Dimmesdale would perhaps have seen this individual’s character more perfectly, if a certain morbidness, to which sick hearts are liable, had not rendered him suspicious of all mankind. Trusting no man as his friend, he could not recognize his enemy when the latter actually appeared” (135). Dimmesdale is living with Chillingworth, his physician, who is described as evil and tormenting towards Dimmesdale, yet, the minister does not know that his enemy is the one he is trusting. Furthermore, Dimmesdale attributes, “all his presentments to no other cause but his own morbid heart” (146).
The process of growing in a character can be treacherous process. This process was demonstrated well by Reverend Dimmesdale in the novel, The Scarlett Letter. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s style sets up Dimmesdale demise impeccably, giving the reader a deep and insightful look at Dimmesdale. Hawthorne explains the destruction of Dimmesdale, which is due to committing adultery with Hester, with his continued exacerbating health and the letter A throughout the novel. Hawthorne continuously comments about Reverend Dimmesdale’s ailing health, leading the reader to assume that the sin is eating him up from inside.