My major is pharmacy, and in Brazil, I worked in a research laboratory. So, all the topics were about science and health. I like to read about researches with the goal to improve health, and I chose the HPV topic because the HPV vaccination of young girls was recent discussed in Brazil. For this reason, I had more background in this theme, so I could do a deeper discussion in the HPV topic than in the others. To understand my paper, the reader should know at least what HPV is and how the virus is transmitted.
Brian Deer 's article implements a subjective tone when confronting A.J Wakefield 's research. This tone of approach varies from common medical research journals because the arguments do not simply depend on factual based assertions. Like most research journals, any implications are supported by academic/peer reviewed sources. Brian Deer 's article however includes evidence and research collected through his own work; he actually questions and interviews the parents of the children diagnosed with this so called "new syndrome"(Deer 201). The key thing to note here is that all evidence collected on his own is likely to include biases.
Tessa Quayle, one of the main characters in the film is considered as an outspoken woman. Tessa initially realizes that there is a major issue with the company named as three bees. The pharmaceutical company named Three Bees is testing a tuberculosis drug on the Kenyan people mainly because they know that they will get away with it. The country has no specific laws to protect the people from Kenya and they know for a fact that they will not get into trouble if something were to go bad while the drug was in its "testing" stage. The pharmaceutical company marketed the drug as free treatment and to get people to voluntarily take them.
J Marion Sims history are just few examples of beyond control or abuse of freedom. We can also call this as lack of discipline or should I say unethical. After all this evil experimentation and research still they produce information that could help us treat our patient. For example we can describe the progression of disease of syphilis and from the works of Dr. J we develop instruments that greatly helped the women and even the infants. Since it leads the advancement of medicine we should use it and not hide or erase the recorded information.
“Think of an adaptation, any adaptation, and some animal somewhere will have thought of it first,” says Crake in Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake. This quote has a great deal to do with the themes of genetic engineering and biodiversity. In the book there is a constant reminder that nothing is real, and I believe that Atwood uses characters such as Jimmy’s mother to show the negative aspects of genetic engineering. She also uses the creation of pigoons, the BlyssPluss Pill, and the idea of human desire to show negative effects of genetic modification. As Jimmy grows up, he sees his world evolve into a place where everything and anything can be recreated, including human body parts, food, and nature.
The concept of transparency would have been valuable in the controversial clinical trials described in the movie. In the Tuskegee Experiment if the men were being told the implications and ramifications of the study could have reduced long-term consequences for the participants. Moreover, for patients in the Nigerian clinical trial transparency would have allowed many parents to become aware of all aspects of the study before agreeing to allowing their children to participate. As Dr. Francis Tremolliere noted, in clinical trails it is important that participants are not just signing a consent, but there should be ongoing and stable communication between researchers and
Before we even know what to do with patients we need to understand physiology viruses, infections, etc., in order to treat them accordingly. There are not enough of the understated groups involved in learning about the aliments that target our people, it is left to people who are not impacted as much which makes no sense because there could be something in our culture that could be the key ingredient to treating the aliment. A simple practice like the way womb is dressed could be a break in medical engineering but there isn’t a heavy presence of underrepresented groups and people don’t realize that a lot of this. I wasn’t even aware till these physicians opened up my eyes and I felt like my choice to become a cardiovascular surgeon had even more purpose besides my
The three R(s) fuel the fire of the argument that alternatives should be used in place of animal testing. Kelly Overton, a renowned activist, claims in her article Stop Animal Testing that animal testing is an obsolete practice by comparing it to old telegrams and eight track tapes. There are many others like her that believe animal testing should be replaced with newer methods such as stem cell research. However, the ethical debate of using animals for testing pales in comparison to the ethical debate of using stem cells; more studies need to be conducted before stem cells can be fully utilized but it does have great potential. According to PLOS Biology, a renowned peer reviewed scientific journal, it is possible for alternatives to be used as a complementary resource with the research of toxicology but more research and time is needed before they can completely replace animal testing in most cases.
Vaccines are made from all different ingredients and if a concern parent is involved in vaccinations then the parent should know everything about the vaccination. For example if a child has a allergic reaction to the shot but does not cause autism, he just gets light headed or a few bumps then maybe those are side effects. Side effects are better because the child may feel ill for a few days but that does not mean he will have autism or some form of it Nelson states the “WHO and other aid organizations helped to drive home the necessity of controlling diseases in developing countries” (Nelson 712). The World Health Organization controls the diseases and tries to not cause autism to children. Scientist also study the rates and ratios on vaccines too.
Greely is credible since he does have a child with CF, and knows the difficulties of caring for a child with a disease. Parents who have a child with CF can relate to Greely, and find him very credible. In the In the article, “Prenatal Genetic Testing Promotes Abortion”, written by Hank Greely, head of Stanford 's center for Law and biosciences , he claims that prenatal testing will only help “eliminate children that are believe too costly for society”.
In a passage from The Great Influenza, author John M. Barry writes about what it is like to be a scientist. He describes scientists as pioneers and uses that to get across his idea. The author states that being a scientist is brave and uses metaphor, the motif of an explorer, and logos to prove his point. In the start of the passage, the author makes the point that to be a scientist is to be uncertain.
Marquis Leary Jenkins SAT Prep Strategies Paragraph The author uses rhetorical questions to bring establish his point to the audience on a more relatable level. These rhetorical questions can be seen at the beginning of the sixth paragraph when Alva Noe states, “Would you know what the thing is in front of you? Or how it works?” Also at the end of the seventh paragraph the author uses more rhetorical questions when he states, “Surely, naturalism doesn’t commit us to the view that is ought to be possible to frame a theory of the stock market in the terms of physics?”
Did you ever wonder what it takes to be a survivor? Learn from these people and their stories, Bethany Hamilton's, "Young Surfer Girl Tells Tale of Shark Attack" where she gets her arm bit off by a shark. Also, Hyeonseo Lee's, "My Escape from North Korea" where she fought for her and her family to live a free life outside of North Korea. Lastly, Aron Ralston's, "Trapped" where he manages to escape by amputating his arm from having it caught under a boulder. These people definitely have what it takes to be a survivor, with them having the traits: calmness, dedication, and determination.
In this passage from The Great Influenza John Barry Uses an informative tone, and extended metaphor, and logos to characterize scientific research as an analytical process. Throughout the passage Barry Consistently uses an informative tone to characterize scientific research as analytical. One example of this was when he said “A scientist must accept the fact that all his work, even beliefs, may break apart… out such findings”. This is a statement made by Barry, and could easily be changed into something less informative or almost suggestive to the reader, but Barry purposely put that quote the way he did to be straightforward and clear about what science is like, and what it does for you.
Tom Stoppard’s Arcadia is a play that spends a lot of time debating between scepticism/theory and science. This back and forth game includes Bernard, Hannah, and Valentine, who are each at different points of the spectrum between science and literature. Many critics argue that the constant interruptions in the study room, combined with the state of the table-top as the play progresses creates a sense of cognitive entropy and that it disrupts the reading experience, causing the readers to decay into a sense of madness similar to that of the ‘Sidley Park hermit.’ The two articles I chose discuss the role of skepticism throughout the play, whether it is intentional, and if it a good thing. I originally found three articles: an original by Burkhard