Hamlet has become unhinged, and Claudius, Gertrude, and Polonius has sent Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to spy on his every move, and report back to Claudius. Being that Hamlet has come unhinged he has been foul to Ophelia, this makes Polonius believe he is just in love with her. Laertes is sent off to France by Polonius and Reynaldo is then sent to “spy” on Laertes and Ophelia is demand to never to speak to Hamlet again. Claudius realizes that hamlet wants to kill him, convinces Gertrude he needs to go to England and so he is sent to England. Hamlet has people to reenact the murder of his father in hopes of Claudius confess to the murder.
In the play, Shakespeare portrays Hamlet as a dynamic character to cause a mental state conundrum among the audience and explore the themes of suicide, spying, friendship, madness, providence, love, hate and humour. Furthermore, by utilising literary devices such as soliloquy, characterisation, dialogue, personification, metaphor, dramatic and situational irony Shakespeare exploits these themes and questions Hamlet’s sanity. In the beginning, Hamlet is portrayed as an overthinking person, claiming to act an antic disposition. However, as the play advances his manic rage and irrational acts such as Polonius’s murder and
Hamlet was left to feel like he was Betrayed when he found out that his Uncle murdered his father, In the quote “Ay, that incestuous, that adulterate beast, With witchcraft of his wit, with traitorous gifts- So to seduce!- won to his shameful lust The will of my most seeming- virtuous queen.” the techniques used in this quote was “Won to his shameful lust The will of my most seeming- virtuous queen.” This metaphor shows that Claudius desired to be King and so he manipulated Queen Gertrude to marry him. This is one of the motivations that Claudius had for killing King Hamlet. Hamlet was also betrayed by not just his Uncle Claudius but his friends Guildenstern and Rosencrantz. They were spying on him and ordered to kill Hamlet by Claudius until Hamlet found out what they were trying to do, and was smart enough to know what was going on. Hamlet acted fast and ended up getting revenge on his friends which sentenced them to death.
Hamlet is not justified by treating Gertrude the way he did. Gertrude said that Hamlet has offended his new stepfather by the play that he put on (to find out if Claudius actually did kill the king). After Hamlet hears that his mother is not proud by the way he has been acting Hamlet just goes off on her. Hamlet then says that his mother has offended his real father (King Hamlet) and completely intimidates her. Then Hamlet accuses Gertrude of lustfulness and his mother starts crying and begs him to go.
Claudius’s biggest betrayal is how he became king. As he confesses while he prays, “A brother’s murder. Pray can I not, though inclination be as sharp as will: my stronger guilt defeats my strong intent” (III.iii.39-41). Claudius is admitting to himself that he betrayed his family murdered his brother in order to become king. Claudius and Polonius both meet their demise after countless betrayals of those who trusted
Unhae Langis, once wrote that, “Lady Macbeth evokes shame in him [Macbeth] to get him back into the contest.” By constantly shaming her husband, Lady Macbeth holds a great amount of control on the way he sees himself. Macbeth’s actions are ultimately based on pleasing his wife. When Macbeth informs his wife on the witches prophecies, she does not believe that Macbeth is strong enough to do whatever it takes to be the new king of Scotland. In Act I, Scene 5 of Macbeth, Shakespeare writes, “Yet
Polonius betrays his own son, Laertes by sending a servant to go spy on him: “You shall do marvelous wisely, good Reynaldo, Before you visit him, to make inquire of his behavior” (2.2.3-4). He betrays Laertes’ belief in his trust when he is in France. Another way that Gertrude had betrayed the late King Hamlet was by defending Claudius when he was accused by Laertes of killing his father Polonius: LAERTES: Where is my father? KING: Dead. QUEEN: But not by him.
A man once said “I must be cruel only to be kind; Thus bad begins, and worse remains behind.” In William Shakespeare’s play Hamlet, Ophelia and Queen Gertrude are treated cruelly by Hamlet. Hamlet is cruel towards his mother and ex girlfriend because of his mother's affair with his uncle and Ophelia's obedience to her controlling father. Ophelias father, Polonius, is always spying on his children. Polonius sends a man named Reynaldo to France where he is to spy and spread rumors about his son, Laertes. He is also very controlling with Ophelia because he tells her not to speak with Hamlet and he also tells her to return all the gifts Hamlet has given to her.
Here, Iago and Roderigo tell Brabantio, after waking him as if he is being robbed in the night, of his daughter marriage. Then to see another similarity would be to look into the envy of power and tragedies within, Othello and Richard II. Iago thinks, Othello granted Cassio a lieutenant position he deserved and he feels both betray him with his wife. He sits out for revenge of all with his jealous envy and ultimately ends the play in multiple tragic deaths. With this Iago has convenience Othello of the fake affair, thus sealing the faith of the innocent Desdemona.
One of the most prominent external conflicts Hamlet faces is man versus man, or Hamlet versus Claudius. Throughout Hamlet, Hamlet’s overall goal was to avenge his father’s death by killing Claudius, his uncle, for not only taking the throne but also for marrying his mother. Even after that throughout the play to cover up Hamlet’s intentions to kill Claudius, he begins to act insane, which in hopes people will dismiss him and suspect nothing. This also leads to Ophelia to become insane because the fact Hamlet acted like he did not love her. In the end Hamlet kills Claudius however, how he kills him is ironic because Claudius killed Hamlet’s father with poison and Claudius gets killed by his own poison.