For instance, farm production, which was once done manually by hand and produced with the aim of feeding the immediate family, became commercialised. The invention of new machines such as tractors and threshing machines resulted in bigger harvests and the sale of agricultural produce for profit. The development of steam-powered machines and the popularisation of the production line in factories during this period led to more products manufactured in greater amounts for sale, steering up the cycle of demand and supply for the rapidly increasing population. It is therefore evident that the Industrial Revolution was a pivotal turning point in human history as it led to massive changes in the economy and the traditional way of living life for a great
It has been argued that the factory systems developed during the Industrial Revolution are responsible for the modern cities we know today. The Industrial Revolution changed material production, labor patterns and population distribution. People migrated from rural areas to urban areas, but their lives in cities changed drastically. The growth of cities led to horrible living conditions. Despite its many positive effects, industrialization had a negative impact on Europe too.
Thus, it can be concluded that industrial revolution resulted in a shift from agrarian societies to urban societies. It had both the positive and the negative impacts on the society. On one side it increased job opportunities but on the other the working and living conditions of the workers declined drastically. It was characterized by the application of knowledge but
There was also a need for more jobs since immigrants were fleeing to the U.S. for a better life. The technological factors that shaped the development of cities and urban life after 1860 were the parts of cities that were dedicated to industrialization and warehouses that provided more jobs for immigrants. How were the new cities different from the typical city before 1860? Answer: There was a lot of hustle and bustle in the old cities. Not to say that it’s not the case in new cities, but back then there were areas in which immigrants suffered in poverty and lived in tenements even though they worked long hours.
Women Evolution How did the early modern political and social revolutions change the role of women in society? During the early days of industrialization, the main activity of workingwomen was known as “domestic servitude”. If these women had small children they would commonly find work at home like, laundry, sewing, or taking in lodgers. Despite that both parents were working, the wages were so low that most families struggled to earn enough income to provide for basic needs. Many industrialists encouraged workers to bring their children with them to work in the factories since they were quite cheap, no matter the age or how dangerous it may be.
Instead of there being peasants or serfs, there was now the wage-labor force. This is what helped create the rise of the free-market and capitalism and the Bourgeois and the Proletariats. Now skilled labor became a commodity in the market place, and it suffered when the factory system arose. The Western Heritage states, “In the process of becoming wage laborers, artisans gradually lost both significant ownership of the means of production, such as tools and equipment, and of control over the conduct of their own trades.” Instead of the monarchy controlling businesses and the aristocrats, now the middle classes or those that could run factories controlled businesses and turned them into a big profit. Mass production became a big theme during this time, which allowed prices to lower on several goods.
Families were crowded into a limited living space. Most people that came to work in the factories were poor (History.com,4). Factories attracted the poor due to lack of jobs. The poor greatly contributed to the production of goods. Workers were paid low wages for dangerous working conditions and if they were not working hard enough they could be easily replaced (History.com,4).
Inequality had a major role in the political crisis. Only 6% of men could vote before 1832, but as the industrial revolution occurred, things had a more balanced feel to them. The positive side of these effects the Industrial Revolution has left on us is that the government tried its best to encourage literature and building schools. By doing so, at least some wealthy citizens would acknowledge the fact that they have an education and begin to develop their uncivilized country into a more modern and civilized place for
By 1833 child labor finally decreased due to the Factory Act of 1833 limiting work hours for both women and children. The Industrial Revolution was a time full of progress, like new theories in social, economic, and scientific areas, filled with positive and negative effects.This revolution helped the world face big obstacles socially and economically which still have a impact on us today. The Industrial Revolution is known and taught as one of the
Many factories have also developed, and make use of technology to produce many different types of product, and it can saves a lot of time. The factories that use technology are faster and more effective than the factories that require human labor. In chapter two, Karl Marx stated, “Sixteen of these machines driven by oxen do as much work in a day as formerly 750 people did on an average.” Marx states that technology is clearly more effective than human labor. This is beneficial for companies, because they do not need too depend on the staff and are able to produce more effective results. Also, we can see that it may reduce work and energy for the labor.