1. Freedom was part of the colonial project and one of the most important justifications for the imperial occupation of Africa. The African continent was seen as an space of cruel slave domination. The slavery was understood as savagery, and the freedom as the main characteristic of the civilized world. Despite those interpretation, the relationship between freedom and slavery was less clear on the East African coast: ties originated from kinship and serfdom had a different meaning in this space.
Why did British settlers in North America and the West Indies increasingly need to use slave labour between c. 1660 and 1807? Slavery is one of the most emotive issues in human history. Western slavery represented an aspect of the commodification of human beings for reasons of labor that is central to economic activity. From the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries European slavery was focused on the Atlantic world. There, labour was needed and labour was available but in different places.
Criteria A: IDENTIFICATION AND EVALUATION OF SOURCES The focus of this investigation will be “To what extent was the Haitian Independence Movement caused by social injustices?” and will analyze the degree to which the social injustices helped to create the conditions necessary for the start of the Haitian Independence Movement. The issue of social injustice has been a significant problem in Haiti, specifically the history of slavery throughout the country. Therefore these two sources about the history of Haiti, Countries of the World: Haiti and Cultures of the World: Haiti. These sources are relevant because they contain valuable information on slavery and the slave revolts that led to the Independence Movement. The second source, Cultures of the World: Haiti, also included valuable information on the colonization and beginning years of Haiti’s plantation based economy.
This left only one option in the minds of the Europeans; African slaves. It is apparent that the labour shortages in the West Indies played an important role in the development of the Atlantic slave trade and while it can be argued that this was the most influential reason for the enslavement of Africans – it’s hard to imagine that those in the sugar trade would have particularly cared who grew the sugar as long as the
The birth evolution of the American police can be followed to a huge number of chronicled, lawful and political-monetary conditions. The organization of slavey and the control of minorities, were two of the more imposing notable highlights of American culture molding early policing. Slave watches and Night Watches, which later evolved into current police divisions, were both intended to control the practices of minorities. In 1704, the settlement of Carolina built up the country's first slave watch. Slave watches kept up the financial request and to help the rich landowners in recuperating and rebuffing slaves who basically were thought about property.
It is of vital importance to record that mainly pure “African slaves”, Honychurch, L. (1980), were given the responsibility and tasks of field salves. This role was subjected to slaves of different ranks as a means of punishment. Slavery according to the Encyclopedia Britannica can be defined as a condition which exists whereby a human being is owned and held against their will by another. Slaves were forced to work without the expectation of being paid as we were being bought for many
In the Caribbean, slavery was preferred; but in Russia, serfdom ruled. While Caribbean slavery and Russian serfdom are similar in regard to economics costs, they differ in the cultural details and agricultural productions. Both Caribbean slavery and Russian serfdom provided very cheap labor and economically benefited their mother government; however, the two methods came about in different ways. When the Spanish and Portuguese first began colonizing the Caribbean and South America, they stumbled upon a rich supply of native. They soon coerced the natives into working on sugar and tobacco plantations as slaves—the conditions were horrendous and life was short and brutal.
Since the Chattel slavery has to do with slaves becoming personal property, the way that people of color were kidnapped and treated, they were bought, sold and traded at their owner’s expense. This is what is known as Chattel Slavery and since the Atlantic Slave Trade was done in such a brutal manner due to the way the black people were taken from their homes and separated from their families forever. Chattel Slavery will always be known as a form of slavery that relates to all the types of brutalities that the black people were condemned to suffer for many years. Even though at the beginning the slavery, this type of system was something that was not correct and legal, many people went ahead and decided to start the Chattel Slavery trade, even if many people did not know about it. Unfortunately for many blacks who became slaves, they were traded as merchandise for goods.
The subordination of African women supplied the British with the “legal foundation for slavery and the future definitions of racial difference.” This is seen in the Virginia Slave Codes, in which black femininity was harshly policed through laws that outlined racial differences and stripped black women of privileges, effectively blocking them from power. The Virginia Slave Codes explicitly denied black women of basic human rights, rights that white people enjoyed on an everyday basis. In every colony, European women and men lived a range of lives, from poor indentured servants to wealthy aristocrats, whereas black women were subjugated to the lowest of ranks. Because they were born in a black, female body, their status was disregarded and they were sentenced to generations of discrimination. The brutal and, oftentimes, fatal exploitation of black women during colonial America cannot be overstated as this exploitation has remained present in the politics and social life of black
The West Indies is English-speaking islands located in the Caribbean. England colonized in America on the 17th century and was an economical source to England due the labor of African slaves. With the arrival of the African to the West Indies a new culture was born, mostly based on their religion and African tradition. “African culture survived in the Caribbean through religion” (Brathwaite, 31). African slaves were emancipated and received a colonial education, and “became literate in a language which was foreign to them, `liberated` into a culture which was not theirs” (Brathwaite, 33).