Bf Skinner And Ivan Pavlov's Theory Of Behaviorism

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BEHAVIORISM Behaviorism is the theory whereby BF Skinner and Ivan Pavlov focus on observable behavior during and after learning has taken place. Behaviorism is about acquiring new behavior through conditioning that occurs through interactions with the environment it is based mainly on observations it does not require no internal mental processing.it is best taught through lecture and practice. It should be organized around objectives and clearly stated outcomes best suited for learners. And most importantly learners ought to be passive in order to observe, process and understand behaviorism and in the end retain new behavior after learning has taken place. For example when a teacher asks something in class learners that know the answers will…show more content…
Behaviourism is about acquiring new behaviour through conditioning that occurs through interactions with the environment it is based mainly on observations it does not require no internal mental processing.it is best taught through lecture and practice. It should be organized around objectives and clearly stated outcomes best suited for learners. And most importantly learners ought to be passive in order to observe, process and understand behaviourism and in the end retain new behaviour after learning has taken place. For example when a teacher asks something in class learners that know the answers will be noticed by show of hands whereby they raise their hands in order to be recognized and right there a teacher will know that behaviourism has taken place she/he has reached the pre-set goals or outcomes of the…show more content…
It focuses on how learners process inputs and outputs (Robert Gagne) it is the internal mental organization of knowledge, where knowledge is stored in a person’s schemata. In cognitivism theory a better and faster learning can be achieved by constructing a learning environment that rein-forces different learning styles. It can be best taught through lectures, visual tools such as mind maps and charts to facilitate memorization for learning .cognitive focuses on higher mental thinking activities such a problem solving and decision making.it requires a person to use their minds and think outside the box, think of solutions .for example learners need to be actively involved in their learning and that is based on their prior knowledge and past experience. For example you need to visualize a picture of a person so that when you ask a “who” question you know that you’re talking about a person or living thing and that visual is going to remain in their minds making it easy for them to remember that “who” stands for a living thing or person. Cognitive stresses the acquisition of knowledge and internal mental structures. Educators De-emphasis a concern with overt, observable behaviour and stressed more complex cognitive processes such as thinking, problem solving, language, concept formation and information processing. It emphasis on the active involvement of the learner in the learning process e.g. self-planning
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