Their situations and the difficulties they face are also realistically portrayed. Mukherjee in all of her she speaks about third world country immigrants and the hardships they are through. She is described as having accepted being “an immigrant, living in a continent of immigrants” (Bharati Mukherjee 13). In the book Bharati Mukherjee she claims an American identity and not a hyphenated Indian-American one: I maintain that I am an American
According to 'The New Yorker', Jhumpa Lahiri is one of the best twenty young writers in America today. All the nine stories in this collection are simple and touching, beautifully crafted around common themes. Most stories revolve around individuals who are divided into two cultures. Her stories except “This Blessed House” have been written from a woman’s perspective, but her novel has been written from a male point of view. Her stories are mainly on familial relationships in which she has taken the relationship like husband wife, father daughter.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Bharti Mukherjee, born on July 27, 1940, to an upper-middle class Hindu Brahmin family in Calcutta, India. She lived her childhood in a family with large number of members. She belonged to a highly intellectual family background which led to getting more academic endeavors in her career and had an opportunity of receiving excellent schooling. She got an excellent opportunity of enhancing her English language skills when her father was posted in England in 1947. She graduated from University of Calcutta and then went on with
Herself an immigrant, Mukherjee shows the darker side of immigration that is not often portrayed in other immigrant narratives. Degraded and victim to dissection in
Mukherjee foregrounds the experience of a woman forced to confront her marginalization within her own (Indian) culture, while attempting to forge an identity within an alien (American) culture, both of which, however, are entrenched in patriarchal ideology. In delineating Dimple’s attempt at negotiating the cultural and ideological divides, Mukherjee provides for the contradictory interactions of culture, ideology, and identity. Dimple is both culturally and linguistically silenced. Denied voice, Dimple is unable either to validate her experience or her identity. When Dimple is seduced by Milt Glasser (without Amit’s knowledge), her isolation and despair become even more acute.
Born to Bengali parents in July 1967,in London and with her family’s move to Rhode Island, Jhumpa Lahiri began life in the U.S.A. She grew up in the background of traditional Bengali culture. From childhood, she often accompanied her back to India-particularly to Calcutta (now known as Kolkata).. She observes that her parents retain a sense of emotional exile and she herself grew up with conflicting expectations. In her work, Lahiri, is a second-generation immigrant, reflects on the Indian diaspora and creates a narrative that reveals the inconsistency of the concept of identity and cultural difference in the space of diapora. Keywords: Diaspora, Cultural,Identity. Introduction Jhumpa Lahiri(whose real name was Nilanjana Sudeshna) is one of the emerging stars on the Diaspora sky in the present time.
Most of the Indian born American writers like Jhumpa Lahiri raises their voice for the rights of migrated Indian women and highlight their sufferings faced in abroad. We may identify in Jhumpa Lahiri novels, the feministic perspective and also creates an image of oppressed woman due to displacement and alienation. Displacement not only leads to separation but it also leads to alienation and rebirth in a new country, new culture, new society and new adjustments in an alien land. The protagonists of her novels look back to their native country with pain and nostalgia but after all these sufferings they are not ready to look back. Jhumpa Lahiri’s subjects of focus are material prosperity and academic pursuits, dislocation and displacement, cultural conflicts, loneliness, language barrier, loss of identity, sense of belonging, gender issues, marital conflicts, and the generation gap between the first and the second-generation immigrants.
The works of Bharati Mukherjee has transcended from purely Indian to the global and transnational by her handling of themes. Her writings interpret the impact of developments in one part of the world to all other parts. Her fictional works have provided more significant expression to cross-cultural encounter from a varied perspective. Bharati Mukherjee, an Indian-born American novelist has grabbed critical attention around the globe in a relative short period of twenty-five years. She has widely been acknowledged as a ‘voice’ of expatriate- immigrant sensibility.Hannah, the protagonist of the novel The Holder of the World, turns into orphan as a result of her father’s death and mother’s flee with her Nipmuc lover.
Bharathi Mukherjee as an Indian born American writer was born on 1940 in Calcutta who contributed a tremendous part to the field of diasporic literature by including her autobiographical elements, clearly focused all the diasporic perspective with greater positive turns. Bharathi Mukherjee won national book critics circle award for her greater work “THE NOVEL JASMINE”. I selected this novel in order to show “HOW A PERSON’S ADOPTABILITY WAS VERY ESSENTIAL FOR THE SAKE OF THE SURVIVAL IN THEIR LIFE”. Bharathi Mukherjee’s works can be categorized into “3 PHASES”. In the first phase she tried to “FIND HER IDENTITY” in the second phase she expressed the “SUPPRESSION OF RACISM FOR THE IMMIGRANT”.
Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni is one of the outstanding Indian English writers of the modern century. Most of her works like The Mistress of Species; The Conch Bearer etc. contain the Magical Realist elements. She has written in unique style that blends with magic and reality. The Divakaruni’s works are largely set in India and the United States, and often focuses on the experiences of South Asian immigrants.