Prahalad views modern India has many languages, religions and traditions with diverse cultures. Children begin by coping and learning to accept and assimilate in this diversity. Prahalad says , that Indians, like everyone else in the world, should be treated as unique, as individuals, expressing themselves seeking innovation Nancy Lockwood of Society for Human Resource Management, world 's largest human resources association with members in 140 countries, writes that in the past two decades traditional Indian culture has undergone great social change by giving education opportunities to girls, accepting women working in office, expecting a career, and women attaining managerial roles in corporate India. though slow, out of India 's 397 million workers, 124 million are now women a great cultural change Amartya Sen, the India born Nobel Laureate in Economics, modern India culture is complexed with historical traditions, colonialism influenced over centuries and current Western culture - both collaterally and dialectically. Sen observes that external images of India in the West often tend to emphasise the difference - real or imagined - between India and the West.
Basham whose book, The Wonder That Was India (1951) was an early attempt at extending the parameters of Indian historiography. His book surveyed the different facets of ancient Indian culture without the prejudices that marked earlier European works. By the 1980s, there was another spur in Indian history writing that were influenced by the earlier nationalist historians. This genre of history is often referred to as communal history as it overplays myths and legends, while censuring all critical studies of the Brahmanical social structure and even support the caste system laid out in the manusmriti. The communal writers are heavily influenced by Hindutva ideologies and heavily criticise eminent historians that adhere to objective standards of historiography.
In modern time, there are number of writers who are getting awards and accolades all over the world. Indian English Literature is an honest enterprise to demonstrate the ever rare gems of Indian Writing in English. From being a singular and exceptional, rather gradual native flare - up of geniuses, Indian Writing has turned out to be a new form of Indian voice in which India converses regularly. Indian Writers - poets, novelists, essayists, and dramatists have been making enormous contributions to world literature since pre - Independence era, the past few years have witnessed a prospering and thriving of Indian English Writing in the global market. The modified English over which the Indian writers have mastered is now used for an unbiased presentation of the Indian reality to reveal the 'true ' situation to the readers all over the world.
Indian women novelists have given a new dimension to the Indian literature. Indian English literature has developed over a period of time and writing in English did not start in a day. It took many years and several distinguished personalities to bring the present status and distinction to Indian English literature. Indian literature is not only about novels, it is also about poetries and short stories. Before the rise of novels, several women writers composed songs, short stories and small plays.
The four major phases in this trajectory, that is largely accepted are: the first phase is one with complete subservience and intellectual slavery, the second one is total defiance and a falling back on desperate nativity and national identity, the third a sort of internationalism and universalisation (sadharanikarana), and the last, that is almost concurrent with the third, one of creative integration. Consequently, a large number of Indians were greatly moved by the genuine desire to present before the western readers an authentic picture of India through their writings. The works of various writers get not only a vast category of readers, but also receive a vast critical acclaim. Many Indian writers have choosen English as a medium of expression and left a great impact on different forms of literature. For example Toru Dutt, Pandita Ramabai Saraswati, Sri Aurobindo, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sarojini Naidu, Mulk Raj Anand, R. K. Narayan, Raja Rao, Nissim Ezekiel, Nayantara Sahgal, Kamala Das, Jayant Mahapatra, Anita Desai, Bharati Mukherjee, Salman Rushdie, Shashi Deshpande, and some recent Indian writers such as Arundhati Roy, Kiran Desai, Arvind Adiga, Chetan Bhagat and many others have been using English to represent the Indian culture and spirit.
This research project has incisively illustrated that colonial British-Indian poets represented India in multiple ways in their poems. They extensively represented spiritual aspects of India, socio-cultural milieu of India and Britishers’ life in India using varied poetic forms and devices. This study has established
The study of Indian English poetry is incomplete without the study of women poets. In the poetry of Indian women poets of modern age, their silences speak more and better than the words do. The women poets in the post-independence India emphasise their feminine sensibilities vis-á-vis search for identity in a unique and creative way. Apart from the expression of self and identity, their poetry captures the moments of intense experiences of private life with all its uniqueness and immediacy. The confessional
Indian writers like Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (Bengali, 1838-1894) and others made use of this newly acquired concept of nationalism to attack colonial rule, and in the process created their own brand of nationalism, rooted in the native land. Bankim Chandra wrote many historical novels like Durgesh Nandini (1965), and Anand Math (1882), acquired a pan-Indian popularity and made nationalism and patriotism a part of dharma. This was a distinctive concept of universalism that was accepted by many as a reply to western colonialism. Revivalism and reformism were natural corollary of the newly emerging idea of nationalism. Rabindra Nath Tagore (Bengali, 1861-1942) said that the unity of India always be in the diversity.
It has become an important part of the ever growing field of Anglophone post-colonial literature. Some of the better-known authors in this field include V.S.Naipaul, Salman Rushdie, Rohinton Mistory, Bharati Mukherjee, Amitav Ghosh, Jumpa Lahiri, Anita Desai, M.G.Vassanji, Shyam Selvadurai and Kiran Desai. The growing international visibility of these authors has gone hand in hand with the popularity of post-colonial criticism and theory. Broadly speaking, the diasporic writings have substantially contributed to the development and enrichment of English literature. As for the Indian diaspora, it has also produced a rich harvest of creative writing.