The world’s most industrial disaster which is known as The Bhopal Disaster or Bhopal Gas Tragedy changed the routine life of people in Bhopal. The consequences spread out all over the state. No one could pacify them. It occurred on the night of 2-3 December 1984 at The Union Cambridge India Ltd. (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal , Madhya Pradesh. Amulya Malldi in her novel ‘A Breath of Fresh Air’ depicts the mental and physical agony suffered by the victims of Bhopal Tragedy.
Accidents due to Corrosion The Bhopal gas tragedy (December 1984) : The Bhopal gas tragedy occurred in December 1984 wherin approximately 41 tonnes of deadly MIC was released in the dead of night. Water carrying catalytic material had entered Methyl Isocynate storage tank No. 610. The killer gas spread throughout the city, sending residents scurrying through the dark streets. No alarm ever sounded a warning and no evacuation plan was ever prepared.
The pesticide plant and the MICrelease Much information about the original Bhopal accident is available through books [1, 2, 3], journal reports  case histories , documentaries [6, 7], proceedings from international conferences,[8, 9], and the Internet [10, 11, 12]. In essence, about 41 metric tons of methyl isocyanate was released from the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal just after midnight on December 3, 1984. This gas spread slowly southward from the plant site during the early morning hours with very stable weather conditions. Of the 900,000 population within the city, over 200,000 people were exposed to MIC tainted air. Documented death counts are listed at 3,787 .
INTRODUCTION: The Bhopal disaster or Bhopal gas tragedy was an industrial accident. It happened at a Union Carbide subsidiary pesticide plant in the city of Bhopal, India. On 3 December 1984, the plant released 42 tonnes of toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas, exposing more than 500,000 people to toxic gases. A mixture of poisonous gases flooded the city, causing great panic as people woke up with a burning sensation in their lungs. Thousands died immediately from the effects of the gas.
At Bhopal before the disaster, a couple people who worked at the Union Carbide resigned due to management ignorance by the stuff or company managers. In 1976 two trade unions where unhappy with the pollution the plant possessed. In 1981 a worker was splashed with phosgene and in panic he removed his mask and by inhaling the gas this led to death. In 1979 the local Indian authorities had warned the company of a problem, but constructive actions were not taken at that time. Even after so many incidents the managers did not follow suggestions of putting up an evacuation program because they feared people will panic and live in fear that the plant is a threat to the area that might results in the company losing its value.
However, document 11 shows that 59 million Indians died from 40 famines while under British rule, the deaths in these famines being the result of forced cash crops. India only went through 18 famines in the span of 600 years before they were ruled by the British (Doc 11). This is significant because the deaths from famine outweigh the effects of Malaria, if not being just as bad. Quinine will not save the
Julie Maldonado BA406-01 Professor Filomena Cantoria Chapter 1 WAC #1: Bhopal-Union Carbide Background The Bhopal-Union Carbide case occurred in India where approximately 2,000 led to deaths and 200,000 resulted in injuries on the nights of December 2 and 3 in the year of 1984. The source of these loss and damages was from the deadly methyl isocyanate gas that leaked from the Union Carbide plant which was an inflammable toxic chemical utilized to produce pesticides. Unfortunately, the small huts that had resided near and were adjacent to the plant were involved in the incident as well. Apparently, two years prior to the disaster, the Bhopal plant were inspected by three engineers from the United States to survey the premises. As a result of the inspection, ten major flaws in safety equipment and procedures were recommended by the engineers to resolve otherwise failure to comply would lead to the closure of the Bhopal plant facilities.
SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT – ASSIGNMENT Name – Vraj Sandip Shah Roll No. – 171963 Bhopal Gas Tragedy - Social, Political and Economic Analysis Disaster Definition : “A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society causing widespread human, material, economic environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.” Brief of Bhopal Gas Tragedy : The Bhopal Disaster occurred on the midnight of December 2, 1984 at Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant in Bhopal, India. It was one of the worst industrial catastrophes. Due to leakage of the deadly gas MIC (methyl-isocyanate) from a container E610, the count of death published was 3000, but as per the unofficial
Introduction It occurred on the night of 2 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. The highly toxic substance made its way into and around the towns. The gases swirled into the nearby slums, killing Bhopal 's poorest inhabitants in their sleep, burning the eyes and lungs of survivors. The Bhopal gas tragedy is undoubtedly one of the worst industrial disasters in the history of mankind resulting in mortality of 2500-6000. The accident was apparently initiated by the introduction of water into the Methyl Iso Cyanate (MIC) storage tank resulting in an uncontrollable reaction with liberation of heat and escape of MIC in the form of a gas.