Personality: The Five Factor Model (FFM)

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“Personality refers to those characteristics of the person that account for consistent patterns of feelings, thinking, and behaving” (Pervin, 2005). Personality also refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. There are different types of personalities that sometimes distinguished from personality traits. There are Big Five personality traits that are used to describe human personality, the five factor model (FFM). The five factors model includes openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism(Wikipedia, n.d.).
Openness reflects the degree of intellectual curiosity, creativity and a preference for newness and variety a person has. It is also defined as the extent to
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Less conscientious people are more careless, irresponsible, disorganized and less self-disciplined (Live science, n.d.).
Extraversion includes characteristics such as excitability, sociability, talkativeness, confidence and high amounts of emotional expressiveness. Extraverts are very social, talkative, and they feel happy while interacting with people. Introversion is different from shyness because shyness is a fear of social interaction but introverts do not fear from social interaction they prefer loneliness. They are less talkative, sociable and confident (Live science,
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Every researcher have different point of view about the effect of age of onset of hearing loss on personality. One article concluded that loss of hearing in early life is most restrictive than losing it after speech has been developed. (Telford, 1987).
The effect on personality become more devastating in post-lingual deaf persons because they loss their way of communication that produces feeling of loss that create sadness, depression and insecurity (Ramsdell, 2002).
According to (Luey H. S., 1995) findings the effect of deafness depends on the age the deafness occurs. The people who loss their hearing in early childhood are less affected than those who became deaf after speech development. Because they can feel the loss of speech that made them sad. Graf and Bijl’s (Donald A. Ramsdell) (2002) research support the above findings. They interview 523 adults who had hearing loss more than 60dB in the better ear and reported that 43.2% female respondents with post-lingual hearing loss showed signs of mental distress compared to pre-lingual female
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