Big Five Personality Trait Theory

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Abstract Theoretical framework of this study based on Big Five Personality Trait Theory (Cattell’s & Eysenck’s 1973). Objectives of the study were: i) to compare different personality traits of male and female students ii) to find out the relationship between male and female secondary school students academic achievement in different subjects iii) to give recommendations in order to improve the situation and for further research. Descriptive survey design was used for this study. All the secondary school students of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan constituted the population of the study. Out of 25 districts 2 districts were randomly selected (Bannu & Lakki Marwat). Out of 12009 students who were studying in 119 boys and 73 girls secondary schools…show more content…
Hans Eysenck developed a model of three universal personality traits, i) Introversion/Extraversion, involves directing attention on inner experiences and focusing attention outward on other people. ii) Neuroticism/Emotional Stability, related to moodiness versus even-temperedness. iii) Psychoticism, related to those individuals who are suffering from mental illness. Those individuals who are high on this trait have difficulty dealing with reality. Galton (1884) and Baumgarten (1933) are the founder of Big Five, although is often associated with Allport and Odbert. Allport and Odbert (1936) reviewed an International Dictionary and they grouped these words into four columns. Cattell’s and Eysenck’s theorie have been the subject of considerable research which has led some theorists to believe that Cattell focused on too many traits while Eysenck focused on too few traits, and a new trait theory often referred to as the "Big Five" theory emerged. This five-factor theory of personality represents five core traits, these…show more content…
This domain contrast sociable, person oriented and active individuals with those who are reserve and quiet. There are two basic qualities assessed on this domain, the interpersonal involvement and the energy. Extraverts are sociable but sociability is not ore of the traits but in addition to liking people and preferring large group and gatherings extraverts are also assertive, talkative and active and they like stimulation and excitement and tend to be cheerful (Costa, McCrae & Holland 1984). It is easy to convey the characteristics of the extraverts and the introvert is less easy to portray. In other respects introversion should be seen as the absence of extraversion rather than what might be assumed to be its opposite. Thus introverts are reserved rather than unfriendly, paced rather than sluggish and independent rather than followers. Finally they are not giving to the exuberant high spirits of extraverts. Introverts are not unhappy or pessimistic. Conscientiousness: Assesses the individuals degree of persistence, organization and motivation in directed behaviours and those individuals are dependable, personal control and the ability to delay gratification of needs. Having this trait the individual is purposeful, determined, strong willed and few become athletics or

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