A subscale of Ryff’s Scale of Psychological Well-Being entitled Positive Relations with Others was employed (Ryff, 1989), using a six-point Likert scale (0 = totally disagree, 5 = totally agree). The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the scale in the present study is 0.83. A demographic data sheet was used to obtain information about gender, age, education,
Another factor that is affected by genes is one's’ personality. Scientists have studied many sets of twins and came to the conclusion that personality is based on five traits: agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and how extraverted a person is (Bouchard). Recently in my psychology class, my professor mentioned a story that I found very interesting. She told us that researchers found that identical twins who were separated at birth, still developed the same likes and dislikes, dressed the same, and were interested in the same career paths. This suggests that a large part of a person’s personality is genetic.
“The Wechsler scales, like the Binet and other tests, measure intellectual performance as a multidimensional construct.” ("Wechsler Intelligence Scales,"
Beyond the details of air, water and, food, he laid out five broader levels: the physiological needs, the needs for safety and security, the needs for love and belonging, the needs for esteem, and the need to actualize the self, in that order. This theory is one of the best known and most effective theory for students and employees. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a psychology theory, which form five levels of human needs in a pyramid. Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs was invented in the year 1943 in paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” he proposed. However, several years later in 1954 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory was fully expressed in his 1954 book called “Motivation and
(2000) developed a measure of emotional intelligence based on Goleman’s five behavior-based factors: empathetic response - the ability to understand the emotional structure of other people; mood regulation - the ability to regulate and manage one’s moods and impulses; interpersonal skill - the ability to manage relationships and build positive networks; Internal motivation – the ability to influence the environment and pursue goals for the greater good while delaying immediate gratification; and self-awareness – the ability to self-monitor moods, emotions and drives, and their effects on others. Locus of Control Locus of control is a personality variable that has been studied extensively in a wide variety of settings (Spector, 1988). According to Rotter (1966), internal locus of control is categorized by an individual that believes that reinforcements are dependent on one’s own behavior. External locus of
Everyone has their own strengths and weakness. According to the StrengthsQuest survey I have five great strengths (Clifton, Anderson, & Schreiner, 2006). These strengths for me are Context, Deliberative, Competition, Futuristic and Input. It was very surprising to see how the descriptions was on point. This paper will discuss how the five strengths contribute to my life past, present and future.
The Seven Habits Profile gives individuals such as myself a strong understanding on leadership strengths and weaknesses. The profile asks a series of questions and takes your scores to break down your Seven Habit effectiveness. There are 9 areas of focus; two foundational habits and seven habits. Each of the categories is scored on a scale that has a range of 3-18, with 3 being the lowest and 18 being the highest. The Seven Habits Profile showed that I am “outstanding” in 4 categories and “very good” in 5.
The theory used here explains that each adult individuals possesses a number of fixed personal-character attributes. And these attributes result in a tendency of the individual to develop and excel in certain skills more easily than others. To work on this theory you need to take an online test that I had the chance to take three years ago, by identifying the individual strengths, you can find the most suiting position for you and develop accordingly your leadership approach. My five personal themes were Restorative, Connectedness, Learner, Analytical and
They also had to rate the intensity of their kindness on a 7-point Likert scale, 1 being somewhat and 7 being extremely. Additionally, they had to complete a Positive and Negative Affect Schedule scale (PANAS). Kerr et al. (2014) decided to include kindness related words—kind, compassionate, and considerate—in the PANAS scale to test for the influence kindness had. Results show that the participants did about 2.5 acts of kindness per day and the intensity of their acts had a mean of 4.5/7.
Introduction Power in the social dimension is simply the capacity to bring about certain intended consequences in the behaviour of others (Gardner, 1993). French and Raven (1959) purposed five bases of the power and divided to position power and personal power. So, who have a power and control it? Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal (Northouse, 2010). The most efficiency ways are the leader exercise the power to influence.
Then I would use similar questions the above studies did, such as focusing on self-esteem, tanning image beliefs, friends’ usage, and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance. To measure self-esteem I would use a 5 Likert-type scale with 5 point responses as Bagdasarov et al. (2008) did, also as they created a measure for tanning image belief containing a 6 Likert-type scales with 5 point responses which I would use. For friends usage, I would have them self-report how many of their friends tan, and indicate how often if they know. I would use the sociocultural attitudes toward appearance scale which included fourteen items on a 5 point scale, as did Yoo and Kim (2011).