Bilingualism In Bilingual Children

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With globalization and population growth in the world, there have occurred many societies and cultures out of human-beings distinction as well as many different languages within those cultures. For this reason, families have become multicultural and multilingual with parents grown up in separate cultures and within different languages resulting to have bilingual children such as Turkey which is a good context for those families. However, one can still set no exact definition of bilingualism with the elaborated meaning on the concept. As Skutnabb-Kangas and McCarty (2006) states, bilingualism is “proficiency in and use of two or more languages by an individual; the term does not always imply an equally high level of proficiency in all the relevant…show more content…
Some people learn languages for pleasure. Travelling around the world comes first in this sense. Bilinguals would have more chances to communicate other people in the world better than monolinguals. When a bilingual meet a foreigner, it would be easier for her or him to talk to that person. In addition, bilingualism makes it easy to have a better academic life in Turkey since the education language is English at most of the colleges. Graduate students of these universities have many chances to find a good job at companies interested in international business. So, it can be said that being bilingual opens many doors to those people who want to develop social skills in their both personal and academic lives. Although there may be some negative effects of bilingualism, advantages of second language acquisition are definitely paramount. Bilinguals show more developed cognitive skills than monolingual counterparts. They have cognitive flexibility which Deák (2003) defines as: the dynamic construction and modification of representations and responses based on information (i.e., similarities, cues, relations) selected from the linguistic and nonlinguistic environment. That is, when there is a range of plausible ways to understand and respond to a problem, flexible thinkers select patterns that limit this range. The selected information must change over time as a function of shifting task demands. That is, as new problems and circumstances are imposed by the environment, the cognitive focus should shift to new, pertinent information. (p. 275 –
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