The law on double jeopardy has a 1“legal heritage of 800 years”. It has been under criticism in recent years as guilty criminals can get away with crimes from a technicality in the justice system. This law stops the retrial of accused criminals who in their trials were proven guilty. I personally disagree with the current double jeopardy laws and believe that changes need to be implemented in the current law to make them more just. The case of Raymond John Carroll is spread over decades and as it developed more witnesses came forward and better technology also developed.
“When congressional lawmakers last reauthorized the landmark Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, in fiscal year 2002, they gave about $547 million for juvenile justice. Today, federal spending on juvenile justice totals less than half that amount — about $251 million” (Gately, 2015). Although this may look like a big amount of money to any citizen it is still not enough for our juvenile system. Some say this amount falls short of the needs at a critical stage for federal juvenile justice funding. If we can spend a few more millions dollars each year to deter juveniles from committing more crimes in the future then we are only going to better our country and communities as a whole.
Under the Rockefeller Laws, a person convicted of a single sale of two ounces of cocaine faces the same mandatory prison term as a murderer, fifteen years to life, despite the fact most offenders are nonviolent drug dealers or buyers. Of those arrested for drug offenses, many never took a formal trial. About 98 percent of all drug convicts would instead appear in front of a prosecutor, accepting a minimum they could not get lowered. If they were found guilty in trial, they would receive a higher sentence, many never took the risk. In jail, blacks convicted of drug offenses would serve their prison sentences alongside murderers, and rapists, serving virtually the same amount of time.
Two out of three rape crimes are acquaintance rape and more than half of the victims and rapists fall into the age category of 16-25. Acquaintance rape is also seen as ambiguous due to the fact some victims do not recognise the act as rape and usually both parties are intoxicated and therefore rely on body language as a form of consent (Rickert, Wiemann, Vaughan, & White,
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that is triggered by seeing or experiencing a terrifying event. PTSD isn’t as uncommon as many people think, there are over 5.5 million cases of PTSD reported in children and teenagers each year. Which is why it’s found in several books and movies, such as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The author, Mark Twain uses Post Traumatic Stress Disorder to shape Huck’s character. 7-8% of the population has suffered from PTSD at some point in their life.
Even in this situation though, Malcolm was wary of Macduff. Being suspicious actually helped both Malcolm and Macduff into seeing the clearer picture. A fairly old case has also been solved due to lack of trust also. “Jack Daniel McCullough, a 75-year-old military veteran and former police officer from Seattle, was convicted in 2012 of the abduction and murder of Maria Ridulph.... A judge hearing the case without a jury found McCullough guilty after a weeklong trial” (O’Neill). Jack McCullough wouldn’t be free if it weren’t for Richard Schmack’s, the state attorney, skepticism of the case.
In 2012, almost seven thousand inmates were serving life sentences for crimes they committed as juveniles (603). Sentencing and correctional facilities were not insusceptible to the confusion of the times, but also faced additional inconvenience. Sentencing research uncovered major discretion and something unlike anything they have ever seen before, resulting in negative punishments for minorities. The conditions in prisons led to fights and the death/injury of inmates and staff. Crime rates rising, social disobedience, and drug use increasing has alarmed many people (Mackenzie 2013 4).
Dating violence against women has been a complex issue within the criminal justice system for the at least the last fifteen years (Bialo-Padin & Peterson, 2012; O’Dell, 2007). Even though there has been progress in establishing equality for women in regards to treatment, sadly dating violence against women continues to affect roughly 17.7 percent to 35.5 percent of women starting in thier teenage years (Largio, 2007). There are a number of issues that impede justice for women such as mandatory arrest laws which may include the arrest of the victim (Buzawa, Faggiani, Hirschel & Pattavina, 2007). In addition, women face a criminal justice system that is patriarchal (O 'Dell, 2007). Also, when women deal with the criminal justice system they
Transgender individuals are at an even higher risk, as half of the transgender participants reported suicidal ideation, and a quarter of them had reported attempting suicide (Johnson p.56). Furthermore, LGBT individuals are more than twice as likely as their heterosexual counterparts to report in some way that they have suicidal ideations (Mereish p.1). There are several other intersectional factors such as income, education level, HIV status, and family acceptance that affect how likely a LGBT person is to commit or ideate suicide (Mereish
Date rape violence An American is sexually assaulted, which is someone coming in sexual contact with someone without consent, every minute and 47 seconds. Sexual assault and dating violence has become more and more common. Out of four teenagers, one of them has been sexually abused in a relationship. We should try and minimize the numbers of people who are sexually assaulted throughout their lives. Only 30% of sexual assault cases are reported to authorities.