If people never see the real world, they will never know how terrible their own world is. (“What are examples... Fahreheit 451?” Enotes.com.) The next ingredient of a dystopian society is the destruction of individuality. Individuality in dystopian society is considered a thought-crime. (Gerhard, 2012) The destruction of individuality leads to those in power telling citizens what to do, who they will marry, or forcing them to kill each other for the sake of entertainment on TV.
Locke stands firm in the belief that people can incite a revolution against their government when it begins to work against what is in the best interest of the populace (Locke, p. 112). He places limits on these actions - such as what a conqueror is entitled to and what would justify as tyrannical behavior - but still justifies the right to instigate a shift political power. On the other hand, Hobbes finds private discourse against one’s sovereign to a disease (p. 197). He finds contempt in the populace under the sovereign, noting that most of were incapable of understanding the inner mechanisms powering the sovereign (p. 207). By deeming the collective population incompetent and likening their anti-governmental chatter to a plague, it is not a reach to assume Hobbes would not prescribe a right to revolution.
Death was the penalty for any corruption by the government servants. The Legalists also believed in centralization of thinking, that any non-Legalist ways of thinking such as Confucianism and other school of thoughts could lead to disruption and revolution. So teachers were executed and all their books were burned. The Qin dynasty is also strict about commerce and see mercantilism as a form of infection or parasitism.
Unjust laws need to be transgressed by the citizens in order to create an enlightened state, one that recognizes the higher more independent power of an individual. Thus civilians are an important aspect of bringing this change and aiding their governments to bear good fruit. In addition, Thoreau argues that if people did follow the majority instead of following one's conscience then society will overall fall into chaos with a corrupted state. Therefore, Thoreau views government as the greatest form of evil that people are obligated to go against by rebelling to maintain integrity of the government. Similar to Thoreau's works that invoke ideas about the way government and society should be structured to bring a more enlightened state.
The Party exploits surveillance, the manipulation of emotions, and censorship to achieve its goal. Constant monitoring, the promotion of nationalist emotions, and the spreading of ignorance blend together to enforce conformity on a massive scale. By preventing individuals from forming and exterminating any that do, the Party has constructed a well refined system with the sole purpose of crushing individuality. Resulting in the complete and utter abolishment of individuality, the Party’s greed for power serves as a mirror for humanity’s potential evil. In the name of power, mankind is not afraid to crush the souls of innocent people and destroy the most integral part of humanity:
What does Hamilton seem to think is the greatest threat to liberty? Hamilton seems to think that oppression of freedom of speech and freedom of the press is the greatest threat to liberty. And history has proven him correct. When freedom of speech and freedom of the press are stifled, the ability of the people to communicate about and discuss urgent problems is stifled. This, in turn, stifles the ability of the people to correct said problems.
The colony is so fragile that any outside interference—even for the best purposes—could be the destruction of the society. The colony represents the fragility of perfection and how, due to this fragility, the perfect is, in fact, imperfect. For the colony’s society to function it must have the full support of every single member of the society. A citizen leaving upsets this balance and could lead to disaster. This brings up the question of the needs of the many versus the needs of the few, or, more specifically in this episode, individual human rights.
Under the circumstance Thoreau describes I do believe that civil disobedience is a duty. However, I think that Thoreau greatly exaggerates the conditions he was in at the time and takes a very narrow view of his setting. I agree with Thoreau's arguments that when the government is to the point of falling apart and harming citizens then people need to revolute against the government. I particularly like his analogy to the friction in the machine, symbolizing that the ends do not justify the means. Furthermore, I think that Thoreau is correct in pointing out how people behave when they notice something is wrong, but take no action to fix it.
1. A living well argument – to do an unjust action ruin one’s soul, life is not worth living with a ruined soul. Conclusion, the most important thing is not life but living a moral and just life. 2. Consequences for Athens argument – if I escape from jail, then the laws of Athens will be destroyed, to destroy the laws of Athens harms the citizens and harming other is harming ones own soul, and last but not least, it is better to die than to live with a ruined soul.
This is the contrary in Mill’s eyes. Democracy nurtures the tyranny of the majority by allowing public opinion to stomp over the voice of the minority. This form of tyranny is the gravest and most enslaving. There is little or no guarantee that what the majority deems fit or best is really so. It is paramount, bearing in mind that the stance of the majority is also tainted with motives and biases that should not come in when making decisions for a society.
The handicaps symbolize fear if they display any of their powers such as speed, looks, and thinking they will be severely punished. In the story “Harrison Bergeron” the handicaps make people identical, but, their real plans are to bring fear and weaken them so they don 't rebel against the government. Equality could be dangerous to society because the handicaps are a way that the government controls people without them knowing also scare them with some serious consequences if they don 't follow their orders. Without diversity, the government could destroy the world, and weaken the people. Being all the same Diversity can destroy the world, and weaken
4, 6, 7). Since the sovereign can do anything they please, people are likely to fear the sovereign. At any moment a person in the commonwealth is liable to be executed, tortured, etc. by the sovereign, but this is infinitely better than worrying that anyone could do terrible things to you. In sum, Hobbes makes the argument that living in the state of nature leads to a miserable existence and agreeing to a social contract always increase one’s chance at leading a better
Thoreau alleges people have the right to oppose an oppressive government, it is their duty to rebel against it. If a government does not serve its purpose of protection and fair treatment, the duty of its citizens would be to overrun it. An individual 's liberty is conveyed through its government, by allowing a tyranny, men are giving up their right to think and act for themselves. He declares that if the government mandates the people to follow unfair laws. the people should break those laws.