Southerners in 1861 in South Carolina had seceded from the Union and did not want a Union Fort in the South. Fighting broke out when the Union soldiers refused to surrender Fort Sumter. Initially President Abraham Lincoln wanted to believe that the reason for war was that the North was fighting to save the Union and not to free slaves. Yes, the Civil War was initially about slavery. However, the President and the Confederates tried unsuccessfully to portray that slavery was not the main cause of conflict and that is wasn’t the primary cause of the Civil War.
Many of the state conventions ratified the Constitution, but called for amendments specifically protecting individual rights from abridgement by the federal government. The debate raged for months. By June of 1788, 9 states had ratified the Constitution, ensuring it would go into effect for those 9 states. However, key states including Virginia and New York had not ratified. James Madison, the principal author of the Constitution, knew that grave doubts would be cast on the Constitution if those states (the home states of several of its chief architects, including Madison himself) did not adopt it.
These two pieces were created to calm fears that the Constitution as a document was flawed and might lead to abuses of power or become so unstable as not to function. There were many issues that the constitution needed to address, that the articles of confederation did not and other types of government did not either. The Federalist Papers No. 51 and No. 10 and the Bill of Rights explain these issues and solutions.
Our nation contemporarily hails the Constitution as a protector of the people’s rights — but we often fail to remember that it accomplished grand measures to secure the system of slavery. The year of 1787, when the Constitution was signed, was a year of great tension among members of American society. Vast numbers of people were in support of slavery, and many of its opposers were afraid to speak up about their beliefs. The Constitution attempted to retain a neutral position on the issue, but it ultimately failed by instituting safeguards against the freedom or equal recognition of slaves as members of America. The Constitution’s first mistake was that it distinctly allowed the importation of slavery to continue; in fact, it expressly forbade
Northerners thought that they could stop slavery from occurring in Mexico because it never existed. Northern also disagreed with the expansion of slavery West because they knew it would discourage free laborers from settling in the area. Senator of South Carolina Calhoun argued that Congress had no right to say whether slavery should or shouldn’t occur in new territory because territory belong
Frank Lambert notes, “Aware that he was not engaging the enemy under a congressional declaration of war, Lieutenant Andrew Sterett...released the surviving pirates and their ship after the battle. (Lambert 130)” The American fleet was intended to escort and defend US merchant ships against enemy forces, yet it was not authorized to offensively engage the opposition, as Jefferson wished it was. As a result, the president worked to attain more extensive war making abilities. Later on in the conflict, Congress passed laws that
War is a state of armed conflict between different nations or states or different ups within a nation or state. Like several wars the United States has fought, this war had its strong supporters and its critics. Three reasons why the United States was NOT justified in going to war with Mexico are: President Polk believed in Manifest Destiny while others didn’t believe in him or God. U.S. should have never crossed when Mexico didn’t give permission. Slave owners brought slaves even though it was Slave-free land.
The constitution was the collective child of (9 of 13) STATES. Some of those states, like Virginia, only ratified this document by 53% a small majority, by representatives, not the people directly voting. 9:13 is 69% if that requirement of 69% was imposed on each state to ratify, this constitution would not exist. Not overwhelming popular at the time, but pushed hard by the likes of Hamilton; creator of, the bank of New York, a global bank. Some of those, reluctant and suspicious of this new Centralized Power wanted more protections for the people that had fought and won their independence from another Central Power, the King; thus the Bill of Rights, after the ratification, "We must pass it first" Sound familiar?
After the 1860 election, Lincoln made a firm public decision not to accept the expansion of slavery into the territories. In other words, Lincoln 's early position as president was that, slavery could remain in current slave states but could not expand to new states or territories. Although, Lincoln’s views on slavery often shifted some of them seemed to contradict one another. On another note, current slave states could vouch to keep things the way that they are but, Lincoln still felt that if a nation was divided it would be almost impossible to survive. Lincoln 's views at this time were politically motivated, and they focused on ending the war and preserving the Union.
The South wanted to keep slaves while the North wanted to abolish them. In conclusion, the primary cause of the civil war was not slavery instead was the issue of states rights. The Northern armies won the Civil War and the the South returned to the Union. “The Civil War started because of differences between free slaves states and the power of the government that said if slavery was correct or incorrect.”(The Civil War in America Prologue). Slavery was right at that time but now it is wrong.