Holiday went on to record with jazz pianist Teddy Wilson in 1935. That same year, she appeared with jazz pianist, Duke Ellington, in the film Symphony in Black. She began working with jazz tenor saxophonist, Lester Young in 1936 who gave her her nickname “Lady Day”. They became very close friends and even lived with Billie and her mother Sadie for a period of time. She joined jazz pianist, Count Basie in 1937 and clarinetist, Artie Shaw in 1938.
Benjamin started her singing career singing at nightclubs, community dances and other social events. Powerful women figures like Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald influenced her sound as a musician. Other very influential people in Benjamin’s life include Duke Ellington and Abdullah Ibrahim, her husband who she had a child with. Following the Sharpeville massacre, Benjamin and her husband Ibrahim lived in New York, raising both money and awareness for the anti-apartheid cause (Chinen, 1). Benjamin is in the history books as one of the greats alongside Billie Holiday because of the way she told stories using her voice and a microphone.
While in New York, Armstrong made dozens of records as a sideman, creating inspirational jazz and backup singing for many blues singers. Moreover, he had records as a soloist including "Cornet Chop Suey" and "Potato Head Blues." These solos changed jazz history, by incorporating daring rhythm choices, swing and high notes on cornet(Source B). Furthermore, in 1926, Armstrong finally switched from the cornet to the trumpet. After 1926, Louis became more and more famous and broke more and more barriers through his music.
The final poem of significance is Jazzonia, in which Hughes experiments with literary form to transform the act of listening to jazz into an ahistorical and biblical act. Neglecting form, it is easy to interpret the poem shallowly as a simple depiction of a night-out in a cabaret with jazz whipping people into a jovial frenzy of singing and dancing. But, the poem possesses more depth, when you immerse yourself in the literary form. The first aspect of form to interrogate is the couplet Hughes thrice repeats: “Oh, silver tree!/Oh, shining rivers of the soul!” Here, we see the first transformation.
In 1936 she returned back to the US to star in Ziegfeld Follies, despite the fact that she was a huge celebrity in Europe, American crowds hated the idea of a black woman with so much limelight, newspaper reviews were just as cruel as the audience(The New York Times called her a “Negro wench”), Josephine returned to Europe displeased with the outrageous act. Baker’s star status continued to rise in theater and in movies. During her stay in France, she finally become a French citizen. She got citizenship by marrying Jean Lion; her third husband. Her love for France was obvious because her participation in the French Resistance during World War II.
Amy has always been encompassed in music, surrounded by uncles on her mother’s side that were jazz musicians, her father, a former singer, and her grandmother was once in a relationship with Ronnie Scott, a jazz musician. By the time Winehouse was 12, she was enrolled in the esteemed Sylvia Young Theatre School, where a fellow classmate passed along a tape of her singing to his music label, which eventually led to Winehouse getting signed to Island/Universal. That same year, “Winehouse was expelled for ‘not applying herself’ and piercing her nose”(Biography.com 1). Winehouse’s professional career began when she released her first album, “Frank”, in 2003. For this, “the album was nominated for the Mercury Music Prize as well as two BRIT awards for Best Female Solo Artist and Best Urban Act.
In 1925 Armstrong returned to Chicago and started his own band, quintet The Hot Five, which later became septet The Hot Seven. His first recording as a bandleader was held on November 12, 1925, marking the beginning of a prolific record production. Some of the pieces that became hits are "Potato Head Blues", "Muggles" and "West End Blues". Armstrong moved to New York again in 1929, then moved to Los Angeles in 1930 and soon after he starred in a European tour. He moved permanently to New York in 1943.
The band was forced to disband with World War II taking place, and Fitzgerald became a solo artist singing bebop (“Ella Fitzgerald Tribute”). This was the height of the singer’s career when she focused only on singing. Ella Fitzgerald became known as “The First Lady of Song,” and won many awards, including 13 Grammys and the Presidential Medal of Freedom (Oliver). Fitzgerald was so talented and a bright singer who never failed to bring warmth to her audience. She would sing a sad song in a sweet tone that brought smiles to her listeners (Gourse 30).
Louis Armstrong shaping scat singing to make it achieve posterity Louis Armstrong (1901-1971) is surely one of the most famous and incredible jazz singer and trumpet player. He influenced widely, and still does, jazz music. But there is something that only jazz specialists or some aficionados know: he actually reinvented a brand new genre of vocal jazz, the scat singing.
James “Trust in Me”, “I’d Rather Go Blind”, and “All I Could Do Was Cry”. These were very emotional songs that she sang for a man she was in love with and whom was in love with her but in that time, they could not be together due to the race war and because he was already married. It was a very complicated yet heavy love story. This was a woman with a message for a man that she was deeply in love with and a man who shared the same feelings for her and better than that a message for the world.
There Ella sung the songs “Judy”, a Hoagy Carmichael tune, and “The Object of My Affection”. She left the crowd flabbergasted with her performance and won first place in the Apollo Theater’s contest. Among the crowd was bandleader and drummer Chick Webb. Chick Webb soon recruited Ella for his orchestra/band who she recorded her first single “Love and Kisses” in 1935. Later in 1935 Ella produced her first and second number one hit “A-Tisket, A-Tasket” and “I Found My Yellow Basket” respectively.
She started performing in Winchester and soon married Gerald Cline. She was featured in Bill Peers Melody Playboys of Brunswick, Maryland. Bill got her a record contract with Four Star Records and her career took off. Her career really jump-started when she was featured on a tv show called Talent Scouts. Soon after she performed Walking After Midnight on the tv show it was released as a single.
Janet Fay Collins was the Metropolitan Opera's first African-American Prima Ballerina who broke the color barrier, paving the way for African-American dancers to come after her. Janet was born on March 2nd, 1917 in New Orleans, Louisiana. At the age of four years old she moved with her family to Los Angeles, California. There, she was enrolled into a Catholic Community Center for dance training. Her family did not have money to pay for Janet’s training.
Molly Pitcher is a person who never left family and had no fear. When you have those wonderful qualities someone is bound to notice. That’s what happened to Molly Pitcher Hayes, she started out as a servant, and ended her life being a hero of the Revolutionary War. Did you know that Molly Pitcher Hayes is not actually her real name?