The solution was discarded into the waste bin, and the materials were washed. The second reaction in Part B, sodium hydroxide and ammonium chloride, began by saving the data from the first reaction and setting up the LabQuest to new data collection under the same conditions as the first reaction. The cups were restacked and placed in the beaker. Using a graduated cylinder, 50mL 2M NaOH was added to the cup. The cup was then covered and the temperature probe inserted.
2. FORMATION OF HYDRAZONE FROM ESTER Materials required: * The ester which was synthesized in the previous reaction. The total weight of ester obtained was 230mg. * Methanol – 20 ml * P-toluene sulfonylhydrazide (1.2 equivalent ) Procedure: * The ester was transferred in a round bottom flask and it was mixed with about 20ml of methanol and stirring was done on a magnetic stirrer till the ester dissolves in it completely. * In the above RB, a calculated amount of 1.2 equivalent amount of PTSH was added during continous stirring.
N-(1-Carboxymethyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-hydrazinium nitrate (3). A solution of AgNO3 (0.10 g, 0.60 mmol) in distilled water (1.5 mL) was added dropwise in the dark to the solution of compound 2 (0.10 g, 0.60 mmol) in Deionized water (1.5 mL) under stirring. After 2-3 hour, the precipitate was filtered, and rinsed with 4 mL distilled water. The solvent was removed by rotary Evaporation to produce a white solid at 88% yield (0.10 g); N-(1-Carboxymethyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-hydrazinium nitrate: Yield: 88%; yellow crystals;. IR (KBr): 3396, 3329, 3140, 3008, 1628, 1494, 1383 cm-1; UV (H2O): λmax = 293-296
In this experiment, racemic 2-methylcyclohexanone was reduced using sodium borohydride as a nucleophile to give a diastereomeric mixture of cis and trans secondary alcohols. The products were analyzed for purity using IR spectroscopy and gas chromatography. 1.2 g of 2-methylcyclohexanone and 10 mL of methanol were combined in a flask and cooled in an ice bath. Two 100 mg portions of sodium borohydride were added to the flask and stirred. 5 mL of 3M sodium hydroxide, 5 mL of de-ionized water, and 15 mL of hexane were added to the reaction flask and stirred.
2.4.1. Tetramethyl glucose acetylation 1gm of tetramethyl glucose was dissolved in 5ml of acetic anhydride and added to fused sodium acetate of 0.375gm and mixed for 10 minutes and allowed to cool. To this mixture 7.5ml of toluene and 5ml of dry ether were added. The whole mixture evaporated to syrup on a water bath at 50 °C. The product dissolved in the dry ether after washing with toluene.
Experiment Description: To begin the experiment, 2.0718g of a benzoic acid and p-dichlorobenzene mixture and 30 ml of methylene chloride was placed in a separatory funnel. The funnel was shook to dissolve the contents. After shaking, the funnel was inverted and the stopcock was opened to release the pressure. The stopcock was closed, the funnel was shook, and the pressure was released again. This was repeated until no more gas was released.
After the evaluation of stomach for ulcers, the gastric mucosa of glandular portion was scrapped with the help of two glass slides, weighed (100 mg) and homogenized in 1 mL of a 0.15 M, ice cold potassium chloride (KCl) solution and centrifuged at 3,000 RPM for 10 minutes (REMI centrifuge). 1 mL of suspension was taken from the above tissue homogenate in test tube and 0.5 mL of 30% w/v TCA (trichloroacetic acid) was added to it, followed by 0.5 mL of 0.8% w/v TBA (thiobarbituric acid) reagent. The tubes were then covered with aluminium foil and kept in water bath for 30 minutes at 80 °C. After 30 minutes, tubes were taken out and kept in ice-cold water for 30 minutes and centrifuged at 3000 rpm for 15 minutes (R-BC DX REMI centrifuge). The absorbance of the supernatant was read in spectrophotometer (UV-1601, SHIMADZU) at 540 nm against blank.
Abstract In this experiment, the reaction kinetics of the hydrolysis of t-butyl chloride, (CH3)3CCl, was studied. The experiment was to determine the rate constant of the reaction, as well as the effects of solvent composition on the rate of reaction. A 50/50 V/V isopropanol/water solvent mixture was prepared and 1cm3 of (CH3)3CCl was added. At specific instances, aliquots of the reaction mixture were withdrawn and quenched with acetone. In addition, phenolphthalein was added as an indicator.
Figure 1 shows the synthesized ionic liquid of CVD with studied acidic compounds (white crystalline materials) in 1:1 molar ratio after dissolving them in methanol and complete solvent evaporation after five days. CVD with CA, TA and SAC convert to a viscous yellow liquid form. This method was used to preparation of different ionic liquid form of drugs such as ketoconazole with TA and CA (24) and sulfasalazine and acyclovir with choline (28). ****Fig 1**** The DSC thermograms of CVD, CA, TA and their ionic liquid forms have been demonstrated in Figure 2. They shows that CVD and studied acidic compounds are crystalline and they have a distinct endothermic peaks corresponding to the melting of solid forms.
Place delivery tube in the bucket of water then into the water filled graduated cylinder (delivery tube should be approximately 5-10cm up the graduated cylinder) 10. Attach the end of the delivery tube, that is not in the bucket, to the hole of the cork 11. Pour the 50ml of HCL that you have measured, into the conical flask 12. As soon as all of HCL is poured into the conical flask, begin the stop watch, and close the top if the conical flask with the cork tightly 13. Measure rate of CO2 produced in the upside down 250 graduated cylinder (you will see that the water levels begin to decrease from the top of the cylinder.