Once writing the way I speak changes the comprehension level. After all, who can understand Hong Kong's, Irish, Chicagoan, Canadian, UK 's or Nigerian English? In addition, the more languages there are, the more “homonyms, homophones, cognates, word-wraps, non-cognates, di-cognates, heteronyms, loan blends, loanwords, metonyms, interlinguals and homographs.” Just to honor the name of a few without mentioning southern and northern American English or London’s Cockney. With other words, vocables implying the same meaning, spelled differently, pronounced otherwise. What’s more, many of those mentioned derivatives graphically similar, but with disparate signification in French, Spanish, Italian, or Dutch?
In alphabetic languages such as English, individual spoken sounds are represented by individual letters or groups of letters. For reading and spelling, a young child should learn the complex rules by which these letters and sounds relate to each other. In languages with non-alphabetic orthography such as Chinese, There is no need to break words down into individual phonemes. Phonological impairments can cause greater difficulty in alphabetic languages than in logographic languages (Brunswick, 2009: 48). Several studies have shown that phonological awareness is essential in literacy and development of skills in reading and writing.
One such linguistic universal proposed by Pinker and Bloom (1990) is ‘anaphoric elements’, including reflexives and pronouns. Evans and Levinson claim that many languages do not have reflexive pronouns and some lack personal pronouns. They also note: ‘‘Sign languages like American Sign Language also lack pronouns, using pointing instead’’ (2009:431). As a response to
Phonograms can be written as one or more consonants. Unilateral phonograms (one consonants) are considered letters of the alphabet that represent the 23 consonants in the Egyptian language. In addition, determinatives are unpronounced signs that served to give some information about word’s meaning. The determinatives came last in the spelling of a word, after the phonetic
Sign languages are natural languages with grammatical structures definided.There are people whose mother tongue is sign language. The process of language acquisition in children who have studied native language is a sign language that follows similar steps to fully acquire spoken languages. Spanish sign language, French Sign Language or British Sign Language aren’t ways to encode the Spanish, French or English through gestural signs. The sign language of certain countries and spoken language grammatically differ in many different aspects, such as the position syntactic or syntactic constituent order. Sign languages have some kind of dependence on oral languages, for example, the basically use a spelling of the words of a spoken language using gestural symbols.
The use of pronouns as a linguistic feature is the first linguistic feature that can be seen throughout the extract. The speaker repeatedly uses “I” this can be seen in the quoted speech of; “I don’t think” and “I feel it my duty” to show that their opinion matters and that’s is why it should be heard by his comrades. “We” is also seen on numerous occasions throughout the extract, “we are born”, and “we are given” show that the speaker is one of the fellow comrades, allowing the speaker to be seen as an equal. The speaker uses pathos in the speech to emotionally hook in the listeners, by saying the fellow comrades once “our usefulness” is not needed they are sent to be “slaughtered”. This is used to get the message across to the listeners that would make them sit back and think.
Like Old English, they also have a more flexible word order than Modern English does. Some of those languages are Hungarian, Russian, Greek and Basque, and the latter will be used as another example of how declension allows for a language to have a freer word order. Basque declension is high, and it applies to nouns, pronouns and adjectives. They are inflected on case and number and there are variations in proper nouns and animates in the local case (Trask, 1997 and 2003; Euskaltzaindia, 1985). Basque generally has an SOV structure, but it can be modified depending on where the speaker wants to add emphasis.
The Dynamics of Language in Poetry Poetry (Greek word means something made or created) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. It consists largely of oral or literary works in which language is used in a manner that is felt by its user and audience to differ from ordinary prose. It may use condensed or compressed form to convey emotion or ideas to the reader 's or listener 's mind or ear; it may also use devices such as assonance and repetition to achieve musical or incantatory effects. Poems frequently rely for their effect on imagery, word association, and the musical qualities of the language used. WILLIAM WORDSWORTH “Poetry is the
In this paragraph I would refer to some of them. The first book I will consultant is The Germanic Languages, edited by E Konig, J Van der Auwera (1994). Routledge. This book addresses a group of Germanic languages; one of which is German. It presents a brief linguistic description about German.