Loss of biodiversity Introduction Biodiversity is the variability among living organism from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, inter alia, and other aquatic ecosystems and ecological complexes they are part of. they include the diversity within species, between species and ecosystems. Biodiversity also refers to the abundance of different species living within a given region. It showcases the wealth of biological resources available to us. It sustains the natural area that is comprised of animals, plants and other living things.
The major effects are towards species of plants, animals, and humans. Unfortunately, with the rapid growth of human life, habitat loss and the destruction of species has become more and more beneficial to us, but also more life threatening than many seem to understand. While it is true, we all need and want homes and places to call our own. When do we stop and think of the life around us? Both habitat loss and the destruction of species should be and needs to be a major concern for all of mankind.
Biomes are different to ecosystems because a biome is an area of land that is classified depending on the animals that live in it. Biomes are what keep animals alive by offering food, water, light and soil. Biomes aren’t always in the same place. Because of climate change forests die and dry out. An ecosystem is an area of land that has animals, plants insects and other living things.
For a long time, people have seen seas and oceans as never-ending sources of food supply, convenient for dumping wastes, and valuable transport routes. Accordingly, for the past few decades, people have not only been depending excessively on seas, but have also been overexploiting and overusing them (“Threats to oceans,” n.d.). Overuse of ocean resources has been constantly pushing the seas to their limits, thus, considerably diminishing the marine animals’ population. In particular, an increased overfishing of numerous sea species is significantly reducing their population at an unsustainable rate, and driving them to near extinction. Therefore, overfishing threatens the lives of marine species and makes them vanish from those locations in
Biodiversity is stand for the variety of life at all levels of biological organization. It includes diversity with species, ecosystem and variability among living organisms from all sources. According to ‘the strategic plan on biodiversity 2011-2020’, Biodiversity is living in harmony with nature that biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering beneficial essential for all people. Not only biodiversity is so important, but also it affect three types of process involve the living world in ecosystem that is ecosystem biodiversity, species biodiversity and genetic biodiversity. Firstly, for ecosystem biodiversity, biodiversity act as a global role in
According to world wildlife organisation, overfishing occurs when more fish are caught than the population can replace through natural reproduction. Gathering as many fish as possible may seem like a profitable practice, but overfishing has serious consequences. The results may not only affect the balance of life in the oceans, but also the social and economic well-being of the coastal communities who depend on fish for their way of life. According to the research world wildlife organisation, 1.6% of the world’s oceans have been declared as marine protected areas (MPAS), and 90% of existing MPAS are open to fishing. MPAS are important because they protect habitats such as coral reefs from destructive fishing practices.
As a result of overfishing, we could lose 90% of ocean fish. In this research paper readers will read about the importance of overfishing. Overfishing is a worldwide problem that is growing to be greater and greater every day. What is overfishing you ask, well i 'll tell you it is when sailors or hunters start to prey on our ocean fish and the amount of them in the sea is decreasing. Overfishing is all over the world in Antarctica overfishing is known as the catching of the fish faster than it was taken to reproduce themselves.
Overfishing describe situations which fish stocks being harvested exceeds the capacity of the fishing population to sustain itself through natural reproduction. According to Food and Agriculture Organization (2006), over 75% of monitored species are fully or over-exploited, which implies that they are harvested at or close to their maximum sustainable limits, while some species are suffering depletion resulted from excessive fishing pressure. There are two major causes of overfishing, namely overcapacity and poor fisheries regulation. First and foremost, overcapacity largely contributes to overfishing. Fish stocks are valuable protein sources, which has low saturated fats and provides essential vitamins and minerals.
The life on earth, such as plants, animals, forests, the bodies of water and many others should be taken to importance because it is necessary in the lives of the people and especially to the world. Biodiversity includes the animals, the environment, the plants and microorganisms. Biodiversity is important because of the fact that it boosts ecosystem productivity (Shah, 2008, para 5). Meaning, without biodiversity, the life on earth would not function properly for the reason that the different organisms would have no sources of food, shelter, and many other resources these organisms need. Also, different species depend on another set of species in order for them to live.
Biodiversity is the foundation of ecosystem services to which human well-being is intimately linked. No feature of Earth is more complex, dynamic, and varied than the layer of living organisms that occupy its surfaces and its seas, and no feature is experiencing more dramatic change at the hands of humans than this extraordinary, singularly unique feature of Earth. This layer of living organisms—the biosphere—through the collective meta¬bolic activities of its innumerable plants, animals, and microbes physically and chemically unites the atmosphere, geo-sphere, and hydrosphere into one environmental system within which millions of species, including humans, have thrived. Breathable air, potable water, fertile soils, productive lands, bountiful seas, the equitable climate of Earth’s recent history, and other ecosystem services are manifes¬tations of the workings of life. It follows that large-scale human influences over this biota have tremendous impacts on human well-being.