GAD is psychological impairment that worries patients excessively and interfere with their social functioning. People with anxiety worry about future events, that leads them into feeling physical symptoms as shakiness (Porter, 2015). There are six different type of anxiety, which are the following: generalized anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, and panic disorder (Porter, 2015). Some characteristics of this disorder are: excessive worrying, trouble sleeping, hot flashes, nausea, and tension. This leads to some of the challenges they face like, for physical domains people with anxiety can suffer from muscle weakness.
Many are the result of unresolved childhood abuse issues. The reasons are complex, yet for some survivors ongoing internal disorder keeps the foundation of the establishment of regularity, predictability and consistency. Numerous survivors live in 'crisis mode', reacting with provisional fixes to circumstances that don't resolve the fundamental issues. This can be exhausting and frustrating and add to sentiments of vulnerability and sadness. (Impact of Child Abuse, n.d.) Repeated exposure to stressful events can influence the brains stress reaction, making it oversensitive and less adaptive.
Stuttering is often more severe when there is increased pressure to communicate. Children who stutter may also be at risk for experiencing bullying. Researchers are still studying the underlying causes of persistent stuttering. A combination of factors may be involved to cause stuttering. Some evidence indicates that abnormalities in speech motor control, such as timing, sensory and motor coordination, are implicated.
Technology can be defined as “the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment”. (n.d.) Therefore, when we speak of technological evolution we can say that it is an “innovation and technology related hypothesis that describes the fundamental change of society through technical development”. Different theorists have their own perspective on the evolution of technology but, although each of their views differs from another, they shared certain common features, mechanism, and incidence in technology. Some theorists have developed distinct approaches to understanding the nature of the technological process and the relationship between technological development and the social world. This article will compare the point of view of Gerhard Lenski, Leslie White and Alvin Toffler with respect to the evolution of technology.
The adolescent brain is also particularly reactive to emotional information. Hence they are especially vulnerable to stress from the environment. Contemporary adolescents report increased school-related stress due to homework, tests, examinations, competitions, comparisons and constant expectations for achievement (..............).Negative interactions with teachers can be distressing and can significantly affect their socio-emotional and academic performance (Crosnoe, Johnson, & Elder, 2004; Gregory & Weinstein, 2004; Resnick et al., 1997). Hostile or rejecting interactions with peers can erode feelings of belonging and make adolescents feel lonely and alienated (Guay, Boivin & Hodges, 1999) and promote social anxiety and distress (La Greca & Lopez, 1998). This has also been found to be related to losses in academic motivation and performance (Buhs, Ladd, & Herald, 2006; Iyer, Kochenderfer-Ladd, Eisenberg, & Thompson, 2010).
One way is through something called ‘revictimization’; many children who suffered abuse as a child will grow up to be abused again. Long term effects of abuse and neglect can include: emotional difficulties such as anger, anxiety, sadness or low self-esteem; mental health problems such as depression, eating disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), self-harm, or
Poverty, unemployment, marital conflict, social isolation and family pathology can increase risk of abuse; so can shorter terms stressors such as emotional distress, economic or legal problems. Physical abuse in children is linked to aggressive and violent behaviors in adolescents and adults including violence towards non-family members, children, dating partners and spouses. Research has linked certain characteristics of the child, as well as features of the family environment, to child abuse and neglect. Main forms of child abuse include physical, emotional and sexual harassment, and neglect (Berrayed, 2001; Aberle et al., 2007). Unfit parents negatively affect the child’s emotional development, which leads to behavioral problems.
People continuously experience many physical, cognitive, social, intellectual, and emotional changes throughout their lives. It is the job of developmental psychologists to study these changes and develop theories that explain development in terms of a progression through life stages. Developmental psychology focuses on many factors that influence human development. The developmental psychology deals with debates such as nature vs. nurture. Most theorists in the field seem to agree that both biological and environmental factors influence how an individual develops, however there is still some dispute over the contributions of each area.
A tsunami event that occurred in 2004 , called the Boxing Day Tsunami, displaced 1.7 million and injured half a million of souls. A total of 230,000 people were killed (Telegraph,2014). Tsunamis are giant ocean waves that are triggered by an earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. These ocean waves will grow in height as they travel inland, due to the depth of the ocean decreasing. The world responded with donations and relief efforts to countries affected which included Indonesia, Thailand, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Burma and Maldives.
Acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress symptoms have as feature Traumatic events that include bad injuries and death chocks. There are plenty of other consequences of stress on the human’s health such as the increase in sleep disorders, fatal accidents rate, eating disorders, smoking, and consumption of alcohol and drugs. Nowadays, child maltreatment or abuse is very predominant in our communities and has several negative effects on victims. Psychological impacts of abuse can be resumed in emotional dysregulation, personality issues, low academic performance, distress, attachment problems, intimacy avoidance, and provocative behaviors. Child abuse may also lead to difficulties in terms of concentration, difficulties in trying to interact with people and connect with the external world, dissociation, and