The antibiotics commonly used are ampicillin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim or Spectra), nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin and the fluroquinolone. Appropriate treatment kills the bacteria present in the gastrointestinal tract and shortens the course of the illness (Lectures in Microbiology by Kenneth Todar). Quinolones were highly effective drug for the treatment of shigellosis. WHO
Sore throats are mostly caused by a viral infection and not the streptococcal bacteria. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek discovered the microscope which lead the microbiologist and scientist to discover the streptococcal bacteria which causes strep throat. The symptoms of strep throat are a quick , painful sore throat, pain when you swallow, a high fever of a 101 degrees F , you
One of the most obvious positives is that the biological model makes easier to understand that the particular mental disorder is due to chance rather than the fault of the individual. In consequence, this means that mental abnormalities are generally more understood in today’s society. One of the weaknesses of this method is that it is focused on physical causes and in most cases ignores environmental sources. Also, by providing a reduced knowledge to people this approach may insinuate that their mental well being depends mostly on medication and health care they receive. Lastly, no matter how effective drugs and ECT may be, drugs still can have side effects, may create physical and psychological dependency, as well as it is still unclear how ECT actually
It involves taking feces from a healthy donor, purifying it, and placing it back into the unhealthy patients gut via colonoscopy. It is a fairly inexpensive and reliable cure for C. difficile, and it still being studied, but so far has had very good outcomes. It mainly consists of transferring healthy gut bacteria from a healthy donor into the infected
The Immune System, which the cell attacks, is responsible for warding off enemies from the body. It consists of many parts, most notably lymph nodes, white blood cells, and lymphocytes.. When an infection is spotted, white blood cells swarm it and attack it. If the white blood cells cannot handle the infection, lymph nodes create lymphocytes, which attack the infection with renewed force, and help prevent infection in the future (Human Biology 149). The Yertis Pestis bacteria cell is a bacteria cell, which means that it is a very small cell.
A vital way Pertussis is prevented is through vaccines. There are two types of Pertussis vaccines, whole-cell vaccine (wP) and acellular Pertussis (aP) There is little difference between the vaccines as the efficiency in defence against Pertussis are similar and the adverse effects are minor in both vaccines, the main difference is the price. aP vaccines are commonly used in developed countries because people can afford them, whilst in developing countries wP is the preferred vaccine because of the low prices. The human immune response against wP vaccines is directed against an array of antigens of the whole bacterial cells. Some antigens like Pertussis Toxins (PT) have been recorded as “immune response modifiers” There are also records of substantial disparities in immune responses depending on the antigens found in different vaccines that were tested.
This report is divided into Sections A&B for the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for spillage controls which are spillage control outside the Biosafety cabinet (BSC) and spillage control inside the BSC. Section C contains the SOP for spillage controls in centrifuges and incubators. The organism in this case is Mycobacterium tuberculosis and it is a risk group 3 (RG3) organism, which is highly contagious. Risk group 3 organisms have a high individual risk but a low community risk. The pathogen usually causes serious human or animal disease but disease does not normally spread to one another and effective treatments are available.
Eventually the bacteria goes through the smaller airways called bronchioles and lands in the alveoli. The Alveoli are microscopic air sacs in the fabric of the lungs. Alveoli allow oxygen and carbon dioxide to filter through the small blood vessels known as the capillaries within the lungs. This is where the infection will take root and as the bacteria begins to multiply the illness will become more pronounced. Preventing Walking Pneumonia The best way to prevent the communicable disease is to avoid anyone who is infected with it.
Tetanus Muscular System Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is a serious bacterial infection called Clostridium tetani, that causes serious painful muscle spasms and can lead to death. Clostridium tetani spores are able to for long periods outside of the body. These spores found mainly in animal feces and contaminated soil, but they can survive anywhere. The bacteria enters the body through puncture wounds. Tetanus can enter the body by; animal bites, skin burns, body piercing and tattoos done with unsterile tools, injection of drugs with contaminated needles, abrasion and laceration, and even circumcision.
Ok, I will give the name it is most commonly associated with, flesh eating bacteria syndrome. This name is, in fact, an inappropriate name for the infection, since the bacteria does not actually “eat” the tissue, it destroys it by releasing toxins. The bacterias that most commonly causes this disease are group A streptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes), Staphylococcus aureus, and Clostridium perfringens. These bacterias come in through the skin and infect surrounding tissue. People who are immunocompromised, such as cancer and diabetes sufferers, have greater risks of getting flesh eating bacteria.
This is a dangerous factor for humans and animals. Additionally, C. diff is an opportunistic infection, meaning that the pathogen will most likely thrive when the immune system is weak, such as during or after taking an antibiotic drug. This disease can be induced by treatment with antibiotics or by disruption of the normal gastrointestinal flora. C. diff has now become largely common in the hospital and
Within 2 days from exposure smallpox vaccine could prevent or reduce the severity in the huge number of colonists. Inoculation treatment was mostly supportive between the days of exposure which provided some protection to modify the disease’s spread in that period. As well, the inoculation method helped wound care, infection control and therapy from burning skin. Smallpox took the colonists into mode of the death due to loss of fluids, poor immune reaction and infection in multiple organs of human body. Besides, smallpox disease developed into other complications even after the inoculation, such as stubby fingers, limiting joint movements etc.
Powassan virus is far more dangerous than Lyme disease not only because of the severe symptoms; there are no specific treatments or any cures for it. Approximately ten percent of the victims for Powassan disease eventually die. Because there are more dangerous diseases that are spread by ticks, we should be more intentional about preventing tick bites. This can be applied very practically by using insect repellant, avoiding overgrown areas, wearing light colored clothing, dressing with long-sleeved shirts and long pants outdoors, and checking for ticks after going outside. By following these steps, we can do our part to stop Lyme
Like the other viruses, SUDV can also infect humans and non-human primates. If someone were to be contaminated with this murderous virus, it would require Biosafety Level Four Containment. Biosafety level four Containment (BSL-4) is the highest level of Biological Safety. The microbes in a BSL-4 are exotic and fatal. It is critical to some ones safety that they abide to the containment requirements.
Currently there is no cure for the disease but there are many treatments to help with the disease. The detriments and issues that come along with this disease can majorly effect the oral health of the person. Multiple Sclerosis can greatly effect the oral health of the patient, but there are many ways in which you can prevent this from happening. According to the National MS Society, Multiple Sclerosis is thought to be a immune-medicated disorder, which means the immune system attacks healthy tissue. Some of the most common signs