Some of these include bipolar disorder which is formally known as manic-depression, which is a condition that alternates between periods of pleasure and a state of depression. This depression goes have different cycles psychologically. Psychosis, in other words, is where they lose touch with reality. For example, they could be hearing voices inside their
How BPD effects your brain a. According to Psycom.net, some of the mental symptoms of BPD are, having an unstable or dysfunctional self-image or a distorted sense of self, feelings of isolation, boredom and emptiness, difficulty feeling empathy for others, and strong feelings of anxiety, worry and depression b. Borderline Personality disorder can have a physical effect on your brain. A study by the University of Toronto shows that there are differences between a healthy brain and a brain with BPD i. Anthony C. Ruocco, assistant professor in the Department of Psychology and program in neuroscience, and his team evaluated data from 11 already published studies and proved a number of significant differences between people with BPD and those without. ii. The area in the brain called the insula, the part that helps determine how intensely we experience negative emotions is extremely in people with BPD.
Important factors in social anxiety are the interaction between the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala and the corticotrophin-releasing factor system. This leaves us to the question why these processes are distorted in people with social anxiety disorder. Let us zoom back to the behavior of Johnny Depp as described earlier in this paper. When confronted with a social situation his testosterone levels will drop and he will respond in a submissive manner as a result. His avoidance of social situations is a maladaptive consequence of his fear for these situations.
By using clinical observation of depressed patients Beck was able to come to the conclusion that patients had a negative cognitive triad where they had a negative view of themselves, the world and their future. He dubbed this negative thinking as “negative automatic thoughts” (Beck 1976), as the thoughts seemed more spontaneous rather than as the result of deliberate thought. Through this essay, I will be discussing how the importance of our thoughts and behaviours are vital in understanding depression (Beck et al. 1979), the key components of CBT, and how negative automatic thoughts may influence our everyday lives. The three modalities of behaviour are motor, cognitive and physiological.
The nervous system is the most sufferer organ being principal target of number of metals. The alkyl derivatives of certain metals such as lead, mercury and tin are specially neuro-toxic.22 The symptoms associated with acute lead exposure often involves rapid onset of nausea, headaches, cognitive changes, and emotional disruptions. In chronic exposure, fatigue, decreased processing speed, fine and gross motor deficits, and generally decreased cognitive functioning, neuro-degeneration and psychiatric manifestations like increased depression, anxiety, and irritability are more prevalent.23 It has been observed that immature organisms are particularly susceptible to the adverse neurological effects of chronic lead exposure. As compared to adults,
Dombrovski and colleagues81, for instance, have reported that elderly suicidal depressives performed worse on measures of frontal executive function as well as memory and attention tests than did non-suicidal elderly depressives. Frontal executive function may be notably pertinent to suicidal behaviour in older adulthood because of its role in effective management of stressful circumstances. Cognitive constriction is also an element in older adult suicide. The common cognitive state in suicide is mental constriction, like rigidity in thinking, narrowing of focus, tunnel vision, and concreteness. The person experiences mixtures of a trauma like poor health or rejection from a family member, moments before his or her death79.
An individual with eating disorders tends to have a behavioural problem that at times is associated with their weight. Although these biological determinants of behaviour tend to manifest themselves in some individuals, some people with these biological characteristic do not actually possess these characteristics. Psychologists and other professionals pursuing mental health have identified two dominant myths associated with mental health. The first myth tries to explain that an individual’s change in mood can be traced back to chemical imbalances. The other dominant myth tries to explain that genes play a significant role in determining an individual’s mental condition especially on the onset of mental disorder.
Biological Psychology—Polygenic Inheritance I found polygenic inheritance and its influence on behavior very interesting. There is a complex connection between humans’ genetic make-up and their behavior. Polygenic traits are those that are controlled by “interaction” of more than one gene (Feist et al., 2015). Many genes are involved in polygenic inheritance as opposed to monogenic inheritance, where traits are controlled by a single gene. Personality traits are polygenic and thus, a combination of many genes determines the personality of an individual.
Before I took the shot, I had a flashback about the time I missed the goal and suffered humiliation, so I knew that I must score. Finally, I took a deep breath swung my worn out foot back and struck the ball with all my might as if my life depended on it. The ball curved to the top right corner of the goal and the crowd went wild. Instead of there being a melancholy atmosphere looming over me, an atmosphere of blissfulness surrounds me. When I got back home, I saw Bill and he told me, “Although you were terrible in the beginning, you came through in the end and earned your respect.” My coach called everybody on the team to a meeting the next day and announced that we will be going to the State Cup.
During the meeting the brother of the parents accusing the coach stated that the coach was not racist. Everyone in the crowd knew the parents were complaining because their son had been caught disobeying the rules and the coach had punished him. The board ruled the coach was not racist, but did need training on social differences. We played another county rival that week. We were behind at the half, but ended up winning at the