What is the Difference between Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Genetics? Doing Biology is an interesting aspect of human study and it involves various unique findings that have paved way for major medical researches, discoveries and inventions of medicines that are all useful for the health of living beings. Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Genetics form part and parcel of Biology and are overlapping in their theories and approaches with some minute differences. Following statements beautifully describe the difference between Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Genetics. Biochemists are those who study the known products of unknown genes.
It gives a significant piece of evidence for the chromosome theory of inheritance. There are many reasons why gene mapping is important. Firstly, it is the anatomy of human genome and it is useful in the analysis of genetic diseases. It is also useful in the development of gene therapy and it gives clinically useful information about linkage. Gene mapping is the first step of identifying a gene.
Introduction The production of identical copies is called cloning, for example in identical twins they are clones where single embryos separate to become two and every single bit of their DNA is identical. So gene cloning means production of many identical copies of the same gene. Gene cloning requires a vector which introduces rDNA into the host cell and enzymes to introduce foreign DNA into vector DNA. Vector is plasmids and enzymes are restriction and ligase enzymes. Of course gene cloning has many research purposes, we can cover the cloned gene or protein products and also human can be treated with gene therapy.
The biological approach believes us to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology. Physiology is how the nervous system and hormones work and how the brain functions. It examines how changes in structure and function can affect behaviour. The Biological; approach examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviours from a biological and physical point of view. An influence within the biological approach is genetics, characteristics that are not suited to a species’ environment will die out as it struggles to survive, and with time will evolve over generations so that only adaptive characteristics remain in future offspring.
This is because, during the DNA (Peter Daempfle, 2001) replication in a cell, each of the couple of DNA strands serves as a template to be used in the formation of a new strand this is due to the condition where the both of each daughter of a dividing cell usually inherits a new DNA double helix that contains an old and a new strand. The Punnett square can also be used in this situation in order to determine the new colors of the DNA strands for the new double helixes.Peter Daempfle (2001). `Essential Biology An applied approach` Kendall hunt publishing Company Correct Answer: n/a ********************************************************************************************************** 7. Transcribe and translate the following sequence of DNA: TTAACGCCA. There is a mutation that resulted in AAA being inserted after G. Predict how this mutation would impact the product of translation.
1. Humanization vs. Hominization: a. Compare and contrast Lamarck’s and Darwin’s explanation of the process of evolution of the species. [Criterion A] Lamarck believed that if your body changed in order to adapt then those features would be inherited into your biological children. Darwin believed that all species develop through a process of natural selection called the “survival of the fittest” which states that some traits that help organisms compete, survive and reproduce are most likely going to be the ones passed onto the next generations.
The human being’s characteristics are determined by the genes in mitochondrial and nuclear genomes inherited from the parents and some environmental factors (epigenetic factors). As the development draws in all these genetic and epigenetic factors, it can be considered a complex process (biological research journal). In many ways the development can be considered complex, especially where genes are involved. This, similar to the second point, argues that the zygote can indeed be considered an organism, and genes play an important role is this organisation of these complex developments. Fertilisation and the creation of the new human genome in the zygote is the only ‘significant’ genetic change during the whole gestation period (Werner R. Abortion: the moral status of the unborn.
Psychology is the scientific study of mental processes, brain and behavior and how these are affected by internal processes and the environment. It plays an important role in our everyday lives to help us understand other people, ourselves and how and why something affects us. However, Psychology is heavily depended on biology because without its reasoning, we would not have been able to figure out the consequences due to our genetics or physiology. All feelings, thoughts, and behaviors we go through in our everyday lives are a result of biological and physical causes. Moreover, behavior is not only a result of the biological systems alone, but it is also affected by the kind of environment it is being caused in and how the cognition interacts with the biological systems and affect physiology.
Nature versus Nurture is one of the oldest debates within psychology that has been going on for centuries. The debate of nature versus nurture is focused on whether the behavior of a particular individual is inherited through genes and other biological factors or it is acquired through influences of external factors such as product of exposure, conditioning and or experiences (McLeod, 2007). The Nature theory is thought of as pre-wiring whichdetermines the genetics that are inherited such as eye colour, pigmentation of skin and even certain diseases are all of the things that get inherited through birth. Other physical characteristics such as height and weight are not as strongly influenced by the genetic make-up because they are also influenced by lifestyle choices (McLeod, 2007). Advocates of nature over nurture believe that all of our characteristics and behaviours are a result of evolutions, genetic traits that are passed down from our biological parents (YourDictionary, 2016).
The Benefits of Genetic Testing Today, there is more genetic data available for humans than there has ever been. (Regalado 56) Genetic testing has been vital in learning this new information. A genetic test is a test that identifies changes in a patient’s chromosomes, genes or proteins. Genetic testing is completely voluntary and making the decision to have a test done is very complex (What are the Benefits of Genetic Testing? 1).