Whereas, in the biomedical model discusses the biological aspects of diseases and medicines. Literature review The biomedical and biopsychosocial approaches were developed because of the views that stated that psychology is not real medicine. Contemporary models of medical undertake that illnesses are inferior to diseases, (Wade, and Halligan, 2004, pages 1398–1401). Engel, 1997, proposed the biopsychosocial model considers the effects of the biological, social, and psychological elements. It includes culture and ethnicity factors.
Mental illness can be understood by many models like spiritual model, Psychological Models, Psychosocial Model, biomedical model, biomedical model is based on scientific aspects of medicine. Bio psychosocial model is integrated approach to human behaviour
The biomedical model focuses on the biological aspects of disease and illness. It is practised by health professionals including doctors and is related with the diagnosis, cure and treatment of disease. The biomedical model suggests that health is seen as being in the absence of disease. It states that health professionals are needed in order to cure illnesses and the primary purpose of health services such as the NHS is to cure illnesses. The biomedical model feels that health professionals should use scientifically tested methods to diagnose and cure disease.
There are different models to mental health offering a different explanations, approaches and interventions. The Diseased/Medical/Biological model has the belief that mental abnormalities are caused by biochemical, physiological or genetic causes, and therefore, treatment is through medical procedures such as drug therapy, ECT or brain surgery. Genetics studiessuggest that mental health problems are inherited from parents and there is evidence to support this. Neuroimaging states that structural changes in the brain can cause mental illness. In various mental illnesses, volumetric changes, reduction in cortical volume and ventricular atrophy can be seen in the brain and this may well contribute to the cause of the problem.
The medical history of the patient was also noted to guide in the delivery of care (Croteau, 2009). The assessment reveals that the patient does not have a life-threatening condition that may put his life in danger (Andersen, Fagerhaug & Beltz, 2009). Some of the medications that the patient had been using previously were also noted. It is important to note the drugs a patient may be using currently before carrying out the expansive medical procedure to minimize cases of negative drug-drug reactions. Root cause analysis eliminates inadequate patient assessment as the possible cause of complications during care delivery.
Importance of sociological perspective in healthcare professions Sociology is the study of human society, culture and relationships on a group level, It covers a range of diverse subjects on a micro and macro level. it 's purpose is understanding why humans behave in a certain way and how they perceive their surroundings. Using and understanding Sociology as a healthcare proffessional can be very useful, it leads to better understanding of the sector. It will change the way you look at the healthcare sector and provide you with new insights. There are three major sociological prespectives on healthcare, one which cover the micro level of anaylsis and two cover the macro level of analysis.
There is a correlation between health care members providing information in a timely manner to patients who need to make decisions about their care and treatment and the quality of care patients receive. Lack of care resulted from physicians being reluctant to refer patients to palliative care. Due to a lack of honest open discussions regarding diagnosis, prognosis and treatment options patient’s suffering was prolonged. Since palliative care focuses on improving symptoms, dignity and quality-of-life it is important that sufficient attention is placed on the complex needs of individuals. The delivery of palliative care has become challenging for nurses.
Attends monthly and periodic team meetings for operational and administrative functions of the palliative care services Plan for initiation of a palliative care unit in our existing set up Aim: The aim of establishing a palliative care programme in my hospital is to improve the quality of life for the patient and their family. Who needs palliative care: Those who have incurable disease / life limiting illness. When physician find no strong evidence that treatment would be effective Patient has very low performance status Patient received no benefit from prior evidence based treatments Objective of palliative care: • Relief of pain and other worrying symptoms, which could be beyond physical symptoms • Sustains life and regards dying as a normal sequence • Intention would be neither to hasten not postpone death • Integrates the psychological and spiritual aspects of patient
If we let the patients know that they can fulfil their dream after their conditions get better, they will have the willpower to continue their treatment. Furthermore, they will open up and reconnect with people. I had learnt a lot from Patch Adam. It delivers the message of patient-centered approach which is important to the practice of pharmaceutical care and to me. As a future care provider, I will put patient as my first concern and spend time with patients, talk to them patiently to improve their quality of life.