Biological Theories Of Crime Causation Essay

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Biological theories of crime causation once accepted the theory that man operates based on free will and rational thought when they choose what and what not to do (Siegel, 2000). Today, criminality is viewed as a function of people’s interactions with organization, institutions, and processes in society. All people have the potential to become criminals if they maintain destructive social relationships (Siegel, 2000). Biological theories of crime causation make the fundamental assumption that the brain is the organ of the mind and the location of personality. Franz Gall was the first Western writer to firmly locate the roots of personality in the brain (Schmalleger, 2012).
Biological theories of crime causation make several assumptions such as the basic human behavior including the idea that to a degree criminal tendencies are genetically based (Schmalleger, 2012). Other assumptions are that differences in gender and race may vary the types of crime and that human behavior, including criminality, may be passed from generation to generation allowing that a desire for crime may be
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Things such as a compulsive person who is neat, orderly, and maybe somewhat rigid is likely to behave in a certain way in different aspects of their life (Schlesinger, 2009). The difference between non-criminals and criminals would be based on the genetic, physical, mental and personality traits (Schlesinger, 2009). The development of investigative profiling or behavioral analyses has been a natural result of the psychological principles of crime causation (Schlesinger, 2009). The administering of psychotropic medication even forced when necessary, along other behavioral changing policies would be implemented. Rehabilitative programs using cognitive behavioral therapy is often used today in the prison
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