- Criminals are fundamentally different from non-criminals. - Pushes for rehabilitation and punishment. - Sentencing are not fixed and allows the judge to implement reasonable punishment to the status of the individual such as juveniles and adults. The negative aspect of positivist in today’s modern crimes: - Fails to provide consistency in punishment allowing perpetrators to abuse the system - Believes people would be born criminals - Supports the idea of genetically perfecting and altering genes in humans to prevent criminality. - Mens rea would be irrelevant to crimes and would push towards individual not having choice or free will but genetically born to be deviant.
The concepts that focus on the mind to live a certain way and to make it the proper way. When hit or disrupt the mind from any internal or external factors can increase crime and, if not crime other factors in society. This can go both ways as good or bad. The problem is that once one set of crimes decrease, then another part of crime increase. That violent crimes is minor to major crimes of love one another, the environment of living conditions for the youth and the meanings and values that the youth had at that time as well the influences that are around the person, even adults too.
Forensic dna has bad unfair effects on society, that falls into social justice, framing innocent people. Dna forensics can help solve crimes and put unlawful people and criminals to jail, but can also be used to frame people/mistake dna into incriminating innocent people. Forensic dna is a science that uses genetic material in criminal investigation/crime scenes to help solve and profile crime scenes. Scientist can use a single strand of hair, fingerprint, or nail to solve who was at the scene. DNA can be used as evidence to charge and imprison people.
Another weakness it that it seems to need further and more extensive testing. I do like this theory because it offers a different take on why crime happens, focusing on environments and routines and how they both affect criminal occurrences. The only thing I do not care for regarding this theory is that it can cause victim blaming. Blaming the victim is such a significant and horrendous problem in the world today, and it needs to be done away with. In conclusion, Routine Activity Theory has valid and supported claims, simply stating that environmental factors have a heavy influence on criminal activity and the presence of three elements decide whether or not crime is likely to
The criminal activities theory talks about crime events (Criminal Justice, n.d.) It looks at why some people commit crimes and what are the motivations to commit the crimes. This theory suggests that the daily routine of society could cause or create the opportunity for a crime. All you need is a likely offender, a target, and the absence of a guardian to create an opportunity for a crime. Suggestions made to reduce crime from this theory try to alter the routines and limit opportunities to prevent crimes. Another theory related to criminal activity would be the social control theory.
Ever since the role of genetics in crime was accepted (Joseph,2001), several questions have been raised regarding the validity of this theory and whether a person can really be excused from committing a crime, no matter how heinous it is, just because (s)he possesses a gene that causes him (or her) to go down the road of crime? And can the crime in this world actually be curbed by curbing the reproductive abilities of those possessing the “criminal gene”?
Name: Title: Institution: Labeling Theory This research puts into consideration the labelling theory as an illustrative model for the hypothesis of criminal law-disregarding conduct. The study presumes that for that infringement of the criminal law that have customarily involved the community and the crime victims. There are various research journal articles backing the labelling theory based on the analytical details that have been labeled and comparative of the fundamentals of the theory. Labelling hypothesis concentrates on the authority response to crime and makes a nonsensical contention in regards to the reasons for committing a crime. The theory connects deviance to the response of the individuals.
Fixing Broken Windows is the analysis and elaboration on methods of crime prevention offered originally in an article by crime consultant George L. Kelling and James Q. Wilson in the 1982 article, “The Police and Neighborhood Safety” published in The Atlantic. In this article, the analogy of the “broken window” was used, where a broken window is really mearly a symbol of disorder in a community that fosters an environment that leads to more criminal behavior. The book itself elaborates on the “broken window” theory, not only leading into an explanation on the progression of the disorder in a “rundown” society but also explaining how the very disorder itself is often underestimates as a source of problems for a society. Misdamernors such as
“… cases, ‘juvenile offenders cannot with reliability be classified among the worst offenders’… they remain unformed, it is impossible to assume that they will always present an unacceptable risk to public safety” (Garinger, paragraph 6). This quote proves that juveniles are different and can change their way. They can choose to no longer be seen as a threat but as another normal juvenile. As I said in the beginning, juveniles do not deserve life sentences, they are biologically different from adults and can change with the right help. Their brain’s are still developing and they see life differently from adults.
This makes it difficult for police to track serial killers and link them to the crimes. Thus, this often leads to higher crime rates among serial killers and places them in a different category. Thus, the nature vs. nurture argument continues to remain prevalent in the discussion regarding serial killers. Some scientists contend that humans are naturally violent and aggressive. Thus, some humans are born with certain genetic traits that make them psychologically unstable and impulsive.
Next theory is the biological and trait theories. This theory states that a crime occurred because of lack of development or evolution. Following that theory this is the psychological theories. Which looks at the individual 's behaviors or physiological state. Then there is the social structure theory.