This Article “Depression, Asthma, and Bronchodilator Response in a Nationwide Study of US Adults” objective is to find if there is a connection between depressive symptoms and BDR or asthma in US adults. The United States alone has 16 million adults that suffer once a year from one major depressive disorder. Also, asthma affects nearly 28 million adults in the US and is also a major public health issue around the world. Even though asthma and depression have been linked with each other, it is still not clear if anxiety symptoms explain this association. But, to get some more statistics they did The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to get the nutritional and health status of adults and children in the United States.
The video “Ride the Tiger: A guide through the Bipolar Brain” introduced and explored new insights in brain science that are being used to create new and more effective treatments for Bipolar and depression. It is important to understand about how the biological components of these disorders affect our patents and how effective medication can be. I can use this information to guide clinical decisions when working with clients who suffer from Bipolar or Depression. Initially, this video gave me a greater understanding about how much biology affects these disorders and the importance of incorporating referrals to a psychiatrist is in our work. Using medication to address these disorders can be a life and death issue because of the prevalence of suicide risk associated with them.
The criteria for a diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder is to have five or more of the following symptoms, which have been present during the same 2-week period and represent a change from previous functioning; at least one of the symptoms is either (1) depressed mood or (2) loss of interest of pleasure. Five of the following must be present: Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day, as indicated by either subjective report or observable by others; marked diminished interest of pleasure in all or almost all of activities; significant weight loss or gain not attributed to dieting or decreased or increased appetite; insomnia or hypersomnia nearly every day; psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day; fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day; feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt; diminished ability to think or concentrate; and recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal ideation without specific plan. The symptoms cause clinical significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. The episode is not attributed to other physiological effects, substance, or other medical condition. The occurrence of MDD is not better-explained bay other disorders such as schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, delusional disorder, or other specified
Unfortunately, many individuals thinks that depression is not a real disease. They think that this person creates its own negative thoughts, that they are the one creating their depression. But in reality, depression is a real disease. However, in our present state of knowledge, we do not know which component regarding the clinical picture of depression is primary, or whether they are external manifestations of some unknown pathological process (Beck, A.,1972, p.4). Lepine definitely needed treatments, what he never had.
These types includes: clinical depression, bipolar/manic depression, dysthymic disorder as well as postnatal depression (Hypnotherapy-directory, 2016). Depression is not only a single disorder; it has an inclusive amount of clinical concepts including mild mood disturbance which can occur in an anxious person to many lethal medical illnesses. Nonetheless, disorders including psychotic depression, unipolar or other mood disorders would be referred to as clinical depression (Heap 2012). This study will be looking at all the different types as a
Depression occurs when the passing of these messages doesn’t work right. Serotonin controls mood, appetite and sleep. Research has found that people with lower than normal levels of Serotonin have depression. The more serotonin that stays in the synapse for the receiving neuron the more normal mood functioning. Dopamine, controls thought and emotion and helps control movement and the flow of information around the brain.
Compare and contrast biological and psychological explanations of major depression Major depression is an illness that plagues society. It can be labeled as “a mood disorder that is characterized by extreme and persistent feelings of despondency, worthlessness and hopelessness that can last for weeks and/or months at a time,” (Fahoum, n.d.). Loss of interests, low self-esteem, and negativity can all be symptoms experienced by someone with major depressive disorder. In this essay, similarities and differences will be apparent in the biological and psychological explanation of this disorder. Biological explanations meaning genetic conditions and psychological meaning the way people interpret things internally or mentally.
Biological Explanations of Depression The biological explanations of depression refers to two factors one being neurotransmitter dysfunction and the other being inherited genes. The biological approach towards the neurotransmitter would explain how depression is associated with low levels of serotonin within the brain which would affect the functioning of the brain. This is associated with maladaptive behavior e.g. anger, mood disorder and anxiety. In terms of inherited genes the biological approach
3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine better known as MDMA or by its street name of ecstasy or Molly is a man-made, psychoactive drug that is mainly used now days by young “ravers” to get high and have hallucinogen effects. It makes one feel that they have increased energy, exhilaration and emotional warmth. This drug highly distortions ones senses and time perception. Today I will demonstration to you the effects that MDMA have on ones Neurophysiology, behavior and how greatly harmful it may be on ones body. MDMA or ecstasy has increased as a recreational drug since 2007.
Throughout the nation and our world people are suffering from this disease. Depression effects people of both genders, all ages, and any background. The history of mental illness, specifically depression were extremely helpful in today’s treatment and diagnosis. We know that all individuals are different and because of this, we can assume that each case of mental illness, more specifically depression, is unique in its own way as well. One treatment that is very effective for one person may not be equally as effective in a similar case simply because of the differences in patients.
Mood disorders are among the most prevalent forms of mental illness. Severe forms of depression affect 2%–5% of the U.S. population, and up to 20% of the population suffers from milder forms of the illness. Depression is almost twice more common in females than males. ( (Nestler et al., 2002). Depression is often described as a stress-related disorder, and there is good evidence that episodes of depression often occur in the context of some form of stress.
Depression is not merely feeling sad, or moody, but it is a serious mental disorder that affects a lot of people and requires treatment. It is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States that is caused by a combination of environmental, genetic, biological, and psychological factors. Moreover, depression is a debilitating disorder that affects a person’s daily life, including work, school, sleep, and diet that is usually treated with psychotherapy, medications, or both. Depression is of special interest to me because I am one of the people affected by this disease. I was diagnosed with major depressive disorder and anxiety about two years ago, but it took me a long time to seek help before I did.
Personal narrative Depression can be a monster and destroy the lives of people, but in my case it help me express my emotions better by helping me be more honest with myself. Depression has never been alien to me. Since middle school I have danced with the devil. I do not know what triggered it then, but it was mostly likely hormones. Despite that ever looming sadness over my head, I was still doing well in school, at least as best as I could do, I still hung out with people and I was still social when I had to be.
Questioning the Incomprehensible Mental illness is defined as health conditions involving changes in thinking, emotion or behavior (or a combination of these) (American Psychiatric Association). There are different types of depression and they effect people differently also. With major depression working, sleeping, eating and spending time with friends and family becomes difficult to do because there is the constant feeling of hopelessness. Seeing that I have family and friends who suffer from depression, I wanted to learn more and see why people who are depressed think the way they do, what goes on inside their head to make them feel hopeless and if medication is the only way to help deal with depression even though for some people medicine doesn’t fully help them. What is the science behind depression and what makes a person’s brain chemistry without depression different from someone who suffer with depression?