Biomedical Ethics: The Historical Outline Of Abortion

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Introduction: Human life is governed by superior powers or laws, whether they are natural, religious, political, social, and most importantly ethical. Ethics, as defined in the Webster dictionary, are the set of rules governing our behavior on the basis of what is considered to be good or bad act (Webster Dictionary, 2004) . Biomedical ethics is the field of ethics dealing with medicine in its two fields: research and application or medical practice. Abortion is one of the controversial medical practices that has been widely discussed in bioethics. Abortion is the induced termination of pregnancy by ending the life of an embryo or fetus in the uterus during pregnancy through surgical procedures (Oxford Reference). Nowadays, there is difference in societies’ view towards abortion that is translated into laws where certain laws legalize it while others ban it completely. The social background is the main reason behind someone’s decisions on a certain issue. So, in the majority of cases, people in conservative cultures are still close about abortion and refusing it, as we move away from such cultures, freedom of choice become more prevailed and decisions are always made in a way to ensure equality and the right of choice among the population. This paper will be mentioning the historical timeline of abortion since ancient times till present, as well as the legal aspects of this topic, meaning that the laws that are legalizing or banning abortion. In addition to that, the paper

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