Biomedical Waste Management

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Biomedical Waste management in health care center (S.P. Medical College &associated Group of hospital, Bikaner) Krishan Kant Meena* Assistant Professor Central University Of Rajasthan _____________________________________________________________________________ Abstract: The study is focused on waste management in the heath care center, hospital, medical center. The study about any waste generated during diagnosis, treatment, immunization of human beings or animals, or research activities pertaining, thereto, or in production & testing of biological, including categories mentioned in schedule-I of the rules are come in waste. The bio medical wastes are major concern of hospital because the bio medical waste creates lots of daises genetic…show more content…
A portion of that waste stream is infectious or potentially infectious and presents a potential hazard to the public health and the environment. Hospital waste is generated during the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities in these fields or in the production or testing of biological. It may include wastes like sharps, soiled waste, disposables, anatomical waste, cultures, discarded medicines, chemical wastes, etc. These are in the form of disposable syringes, swabs, bandages, body fluids, human excreta, etc. This waste is highly infectious and can be a serious threat to human health if not managed in a scientific and discriminate manner. It has been roughly estimated that of the 4 kg of waste generated in a hospital at least 1 kg would be infectious1.Surveys carried out by various agencies show that the health care establishments in India are not giving due attention to their waste management. After the notification of the Bio-medical Waste (Handling and Management) Rules, 1998, hospitals are slowly streamlining the process of waste segregation, collection, treatment, and…show more content…
In India this could range from 15% to 35% depending on the total amount of waste generated (Glenn & Garwal, 1999; Anonymous, 1998; Chitnis et al., 2005)Exposure to medical waste can result in disease or injury, were the risk of sharps injury and bloodstained body fluids BBF exposure appeared high in medical waste hospitals (MWHs) (Shiferaw et al., 2012) . In UK reported 40 incidents of sharps injuries associated with medical waste handling (Franka et al., 2009), in developed countries have shown that occupational exposure to waste may result in Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection (Dounias et al., 2005). Hospital-waste handling is a hazardous waste activity which requires a high standard of training. It calls for specific training that depends on the nature of the work in the hospital, the hazards and possibility of worker exposure, and the responsibilities of individual workers (Manyele and Anicetus, 2006). The training must not only be continuous, but also comprehensive, integrated and structured with the necessary elements. To reach the qualified stage, the training must follow some of the following steps: need analysis; training administration; learning objectives development and lesson plans; site-specific training; task-specific training; and

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