This act has negative or positive results that the teenager perceived. Some mode of adaptation focuses on promotes the ability of human adaptive systems to adjust effectively to changes in the environment and also to create changes in the environment. So it will help to find out the effects of teenage pregnancy on mother and baby and help to prevent the teenage pregnancy. In Roy Adaptation Model guided research participants may be individuals or groups who are well or ill. Qualitative and quantitative approaches of research will be appropriate for the study. Data may be gathered in any health care setting in which human adaptive systems are found.
Such studies are required to determine, which data sets are most significant to be considered as weighting matrix. The proposed weighted LS-SVM classifier integrates heterogeneous data sets to achieve good performing and affordable classifiers. The results suggest that the use of our integration approach on gene expression and clinical data can improve the performance of decision making in cancer. We proposed a weighted LS-SVM classifier for the integration of two data sources and further prediction task. Each data set is represented with a kernel matrix, based on the RBF kernel function.
Neuroinformatics), Clinical Informatics, Public Health Informatics, and also Translational BioInformatics (TBI). Investigate done in Health Informatics (as in all its subfields) can range from data acquisition, retrieval, storage, analytics employing data mining techniques, and so
These are carried out by the public health department and require many workers to identify the cause and extent of an epidemic (CDC, 2012). 1.1 Types of epidemiological studies 1) Observational studies: These studies are only measured by the investigator. They can be descriptive (involves only description of the said disease in a population like who; what; where; when) or analytical (analyses association between health status and other factors). 2) Experimental studies: These studies attempt to change either a determinant of a disease or its progress through treatment. Study designs may be randomized controlled trials (using patients), field trials (using healthy people), and community trials (using communities) [Bonita et al.,
To assess potential effect modifiers along the PIP. To evaluate the effect of the IYCF intervention on uptake of improved infant feeding practices by maternal/infant HIV status. To evaluate the effect of the WASH intervention on the key behaviors it promotes by maternal/infant HIV status. To elucidate the biological pathways linking WASH and IYCF with linear growth and hemoglobin concentration by measuring domains of EED, stratified by maternal/infant HIV status. To measure the impact of the 2 randomized interventions (WASH and IYCF) on incidence, prevalence, and severity of diarrheal disease in infants, stratified by maternal/infant HIV status.
Image segmentation for bio-medical images has become basic fundamental process to perform significant quantitative analysis to identify the human organs, defected tissues etc. In this paper, we proposed the image segmentation techniques namely Active Contour Method (ACM), Gray threshold Mechanism (GTM), Sobel Gradient Method (SGM) and Watershed Transform (WST). These four segmentation methods are
Bacteria account for a major proportion of Earth’s biological diversity. They play essential roles in quite diverse environments and there has been an increasing interest in bacterial biodiversity. Microbial taxonomy deals with the classification (the orderly arrangement of organisms into taxonomic groups on the basis of similarity), identification and nomenclature (naming of taxa) of microorganisms (Coenye et al., 2005; Gevers et al., 2005; Mora & Amann, 2001; Vandamme et al., 1996). The terms Taxonomy and Systematics have been often used synonymously but the taxonomy is a specific part of systematics. While Taxonomy is the theory and practice of classifying organisms (Mayr & Ashlock, 1991), Systematics refers to the study of diversity of
There are many methods to produce bio materials such as physical method, chemical method etc. By means of appropriate selection of bio materials and producing technique depending on the area of installation of biomaterials the effectiveness of bio materials can be improved. Depending on the behavior of bio materials towards host organism and their mechanical behavior, bio materials can be installed in areas such as Joint replacements, Bone plates, Bone cement, Artificial ligaments and tendons, Dental implants for tooth fixation, Blood vessel prostheses, Heart valves, Skin repair devices (artificial tissue), Cochlear replacements, Contact lenses, Breast implants, Drug delivery mechanisms, Sustainable materials, Vascular grafts, Stents, Nerve conduits, Surgical sutures, clips, and staples for wound closure, etc. Though the material is bio compatible the same material cannot be used for all the application. Commonly bones will be replaced by titanium and its alloy and composite materials.
Molecular biology is the branch of biology that deals with the molecular basis of biological activity. This field overlaps with the other areas of biology and chemistry, particularly genetics and biochemistry. Molecular biology chiefly concern itself with understanding the interaction between the various system of the cell ,including the interactions between types of DNA, RNA and protein biosynthesis as well as learning how these interaction are regulated. The study of physical, chemical and biological macromolecules is termed as Molecular Biology. Max Pertuz is known as the father of molecular biology.