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Biopsychology And Brain Plasticity

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What is Biopsychology and Brain Plasticity? In General Psychology, there are 5 distinct main approaches which include Psychoanalysis, Humanistic Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Behaviorism, and Biopsychology. Among these 5 approaches, Biopsychology touches the most on the effects of the internal parts of the human body, which include the nervous systems and neurotransmitters, on human behaviour, thinking, and emotions. It is basically a combination of neuroscience and psychology. To better understand Biopsychology, one has to learn about the three most crucial parts, which are the brain, neurotransmitters, and the nervous system. The brain is in-charge for the cognition, senses, motor abilities, and feelings through its’ four lobes of the…show more content…
Each of these lobes has different functions from each other. On the other hand, the neurotransmitters are the information carriers, they carry electrochemical signals to and from the brain throughout the entire body in human beings. Then, we have the nervous system which can actually be divided into two parts, the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) where the brain and spinal cord are parts of the CNS. The PNS can still be divided into two specific parts, the somatic nervous system (SNS) and the autonomic nervous system (ANS). While the SNS directs the movements of the skeletal muscles, the ANS regulates involuntary processes such as the heart beating, breathing, blood pressure, and blood sugar level. When compared to other animals’ brains, the human brain is a more complex central nervous system. The reason for this is due to the proficiency of the human brain to continuously develop both in the structure and function of numerous cells in it as a responsive mechanism towards new incoming information, experiences, and even shock, which is also known as brain plasticity. (Sanders…show more content…
(Kuhl, 2010) In a cross-cultural research, Wong et al. (2009) proved that the distinct regulations fundamental in Western or Indian music are essentially mastered by people who mature in either of these cultural environments. These findings seem to imply that passive exposure to music all by itself is enough to modify the neural response to musical sounds to a certain limit. These modifications usually happen at the next stages of auditory processing, where the complicated relation between harmonies and rhythms are being processed.(Sibylle C. Herholz and Robert J. Zatorre, 2012) Short-term discrimination training of grammatical pitch curve and training to improve language in noise perception boost the fidelity of the neural cipher of pitch at the brainstem level. (Carcagno and Plack, 2011; Song et al., 2008, 2012) Whereas at the cortex level, discrimination training
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