In the novella “Of mice and Men” there are several relations of which can be put into one of the forms of symbiosis. The relationships that take forms of symbiosis take many forms. These relationships could be friends, enemies, lovers, or even just two people. These relationships could also be grouped from good to neutral to bad depending on the circumstances. The story “Of Mice and Men” starts with two men - George & Lennie - in the woods complaining about their bus driver. Turns out these two have been running from their past where Lennie was accused of some bad things. After working on the ranch a couple of days Lennie does something bad again and gets killed by George. In all relationships, something is gained or lost in order for something else to be gained or lost. There are a total of three types of symbiosis relationships mentioned in this novella such as: parasitism, commensalism, and mutualism.
1. It is a scientific fact that biodiversity is greatest near coral reefs and estuaries. But because of human influence coral reefs around the world are dying. Human coastal development, pollution, ocean warming, and ocean acidification are all things that threaten them. The World Research Institute estimated that about ¾ of the worlds shallow reefs are threatened by climate change, pollution, and overfishing. All in which are man made influences that affect the ocean greatly. It is predicted that by the year 2050 90% of the coral reefs on earth will be dead or threatened. Not only that but soil erosion, algae growth from fertilizer runoff, increased UV exposure, and damage from fishing and diving are just adding to the problem. However, the
Symbiotic Relationships describes close interactions between two or more different species. Many organisms are involved in symbiotic relationships because this interaction provides benefits to both species. However, there are types of symbiosis that are not beneficial and may in fact harm one or both of the species.
In the eyes of society and the public, sharks are viewed as ruthless killers Millions upon millions are killed every year, and fear is a major contributor. The reality is that sharks are very complex creatures, and should be treated as such. They are an intricate part of the ocean’s ecosystem and the ecosystem would be completely thrown off without them. We need to realize that these creatures are invaluable, and that we must conserve these animals. If we do not realize this reality, we could lose sharks forever.
The ocean is a giant body of water that is home to all types of fish. The ocean provides a rich environment for a plethora of animals from the tiniest of fish to the enormous whale. In the ocean, these creatures live and explore. Some of them must hunt other fish in order to survive, which means that others must try to avoid predators. Nature has provided all of these animals with a unique capability to survive. The ocean abounds with interesting animals of all shapes and sizes that have their unique appearances and habitats at different depths of the sea.
About 71 percent of our planet Earth is covered by water, and the majority comes from the oceans (about 96.5 percent of all Earth’s water). It remains as the most expansive, diverse, and mysterious places on planet Earth. But it is being threatened by the pollution by people and nature itself. By polluting the habitat of marine organism will indirectly affect the ecosystem of the marine life. Marine life is dying and as the result the oceanic ecosystem is threatened.
According to, “Pollution issues” it states that, “Pollution is not a new phenomenon. In fact, it is older than most people realize… As humans moved from nomadic to settled societies, however, pollution increased in magnitude, becoming a real problem for the environment and its human and nonhuman inhabitants.” Although pollution has been around since the middle ages, that was nothing compared to the damage done after World War two. Due to WWII the type of pollution changed significantly (ibid). Corporations started to mass-produce and increase the use of synthetic materials such as plastic, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and inorganic pesticides such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (ibid). Materials such as these are not only toxic and harmful, but accumulate in the environment, also these materials are not biodegradable (ibid). Thus, increasing the rates of deadly diseases such as, cancers, physical birth defects, and now other health problems are being observed (ibid). The accumulation of these atrocious materials causes a worrisome in the biodiversity of the environment. There are many more contributions to ocean pollution that many people don 't know
Coral reefs are one of the most diverse and complex habitats. They are one of the most interesting and colorful ecosystems found in the marine environment. They are very unique in many different ways and a crucial support for human life. They play also a very important role in the marine life such as giving shelter and food for millions of species including fishes, crabs, or shrimps. They support 33% of marine fish species. They also have specific and certain conditions to be formed, and to survive. They are also known as the “rainforest of the oceans” because of its huge diversity. In this research paper we will explore more about coral reefs and their importance.
The great lakes are comprised of 5 different fresh water lakes, Superior, Huron, Michigan, Ontario, and Erie. The lakes are situated along the US-Canadian border, touching Ontario in Canada and Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Ohio Pennsylvania, Indiana and New York in the United States. Roughly 34 million people in Canada and the United States live in the great lakes basin, and also 35 000 plants and animals, over 170 of those being fish, inhabit the great lakes (Zimmermann). This significantly large water body holds an estimate of 6 quadrillion gallons of water. Apart from its large mass, the great lakes is an important recreational and economic resource to the United States and Canada. According to Environment
The Hawaiian Day Octopus is part of the mollusk family, and are closely related to squid, cuttlefish, and the Nautilus. They don’t have shells, but compensate with their extremely intelligent and ability to adjust color immediately to match their surroundings. When they are startled or leave a certain area, they release an ink cloud. The objective of this ink cloud is to distract possible predators, (*kind of like in Mario Kart when your screen gets inked). They can also squeeze themselves into tiny cracks. The average lifespan for a Hawaiian Day Octopus is about 1-3 years. They normally only mate once in their lives. They can be anywhere from ½ inch - 3 feet long. Their main source of food is crabs. * The reason you get inked by your competitors
In ecosystem, there are various types of interactions that exist in different organisms. No organism can live in isolation and thus requires others either for food or survival. There is an interaction in which the two organisms are mutually benefited or live entirely dependent on each others. And this is referred to symbiosis. Wheareas, there is another interaction, namely parasitism. It is a one-way relationship in which one of them depends on the other that leads to one benefiting while the other suffering. The parasite depends on the host for food or survival. In most cases, parasitic relationship is similar to slavery because one organism hurts the other. There is a great difficulty in distinguishing whether the relationship between organisms is symbiotic or parasitic ,especially if convenience comes into play. In a famous science fiction-“Bloodchild”, Octavia Butler sets a story in an alien planet-the Preserve. In the story,the human beings-Terrans are needed by the aliens-Tlics for reproducing Tlics’ offsprings. While Terrans need sterile eggs to prolong their life and a living space from Tlics.Although different people have suggested “Bloodchild” is a story of parasitic relationship between Terrans and the Tlics, I
They are most likely to be herbivores that feed off of the plant life at the bottom of the ocean because marine producers (seaweed and kelp) grow from the bottom of the ocean, surface marine life would not make good herbivores because plant life (other than algae) is so scarce.
A horse--like seahorse is eating shrimp with its long snout when the scuttling sound of a 10--legged red crab arises from the sandy ocean floor, its hard shell upsetting the sandy ocean floor. The crab grabs at the seahorse with its claws snapping ferociously. Crabs are one of the few animals that eat seahorses, along with some species of fish and rays. The seahorse, terrified, uses the current to float to a nearby patch of eelgrass. Once there, it vanishes, perfectly camouflaged with the eelgrass. Adaptations such as camouflage show how the seahorse contributes to its ecosystem. The marine biome is a complex ecosystem where living things depend on abiotic factors. Animals like the seahorse
The second example of a relationship is when Mack goes to Doc and ask if he need any animals collected and when Doc questions why Mack tells him that it is so the him and the boys will have some money. Doc finally tells Mack that he need around three or four hundred frog and that he will pay them a nickel for each: “Mack said, “Doc, you got any need for any kind of animals now?” Doc sighed with relief, “Why?” he asked guardedly. Mack became open and confidential. “I’ll tell you, Doc. I and the boys got to get some dough — we simply got to. It’s for a good purpose, you might say a worthy cause.”… I and the boys thought if you needed something why we’d get it for you and that way we could make a little piece of change. ”… “I could use three or
There are many factors that are used in defining a biome. These factors define the organisms that live in the biome and how they adapt to survive in the biome. How these organisms adapt affects how the energy flows within an ecosystem. It is located in many countries, South America, Africa, Asia, Asia, and North Western Australia, mainly located on the edge of tropical rainforests.The biotic and abiotic factors, the geography, the issues that it faces, and the organisms of the savanna biome all affect how the energy flows within the biome.