Birch Pollen Allergy Case Study

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Birch Pollen Allergy Allergy to birch pollen is known as birch pollen allergy. Certain protein present in birch pollen causes over-reaction of the immune system. Such pollen allergies are caused when pollens from the grasses, weeds and trees are released into the air to fertilize each other. If a person allergic to pollen comes in contact with it, his/ her immune system overreacts and causes signs and symptoms of allergy. The body then releases immunoglobulin E, an antibody that travels to different cells, which release a chemical called 'histamine ' that causes allergic reactions in the body. Birch pollen allergies are worst during spring season because, this is the time when birch trees bloom. Causes of Birch Pollen Allergy Bet V 1: A…show more content…
Symptoms include: • Itchiness of the mouth • Itchiness of the tongue • Irritation of the throat • Burning and swelling of the lips Diagnosis and Tests of Birch Pollen Allergy Medical History: To confirm a birch pollen allergy, your allergist may ask you about the symptoms, when they started and how long they persisted. Explain the allergist in detail if such symptoms have occurred for the first time or if you have experienced it before. Tell your doctor if the severity of symptoms increases at a certain time of the year, for example spring. Skin Prick Test: During this test, your allergist will prick different areas of the skin and insert a small amount of the allergen. Presence of redness, itchiness or bumps at the site of allergen insertion after 15 to 20 minutes indicates the presence of the allergy. (2) Blood Test: Immunoglobulin E is an antibody, which increases during the allergy. This antibody tells the cells to release certain chemicals that cause allergy symptoms. If the amount of immunoglobulin E is high in the blood, it is a clear indicator of an allergy. Risk…show more content…
These drugs help in relieving sneezing, runny nose and itching. Nasal Sprays: Nasal sprays are the first choice of treatment for allergic rhinitis. You spray these drugs into your nose and they help in relieving congestion, sneezing and runny nose. It is better to take these sprays before pollen season begins for a better control over symptoms. Caution: • Like other allergies, the best treatment is to avoid the allergen. Minimize your exposure to birch pollen by staying indoors on days that are dry and windy • Do not visit gardens, parks or other areas with a lot of trees during spring time • Avoid gardening work during the peak seasons. Ask someone else to take care of such a work • Wearing a dust mask can help when you step out of your house • When pollen counts are high, close windows and doors • During allergy seasons, limit your intake of raw foods and go for cooked foods, example- cooked vegetables. Cooking may alter the allergy-causing protein List of Foods to Avoid If you have birch pollen allergy, stay away from: • Apples • Peach • Apricots • Banana •

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