Sexual equality also named as gender equality which western countries pay attention to. Gender equality does not mean women and men must become the same but the fairness of treatment for women and men is needed, according to their respective needs. Different from the western, Chinese does not focus on sexual equality. That is the reason why Chinese countries always having a lot of genders inequality problems. In Hong Kong, there are not as much as cases of gender equality but there are numbers of the problem about gender stereotype.
Asexuality As a Sexual Orientation Asexuality is defined as the lack of sexual attraction to others. Asexuals compose of about 1% of the population and are the select few in a sex-crazed world where sexual orientation often contributes to a person’s sense of identity. The defining of the term "asexual" as a "lack of sexual attraction for others" has partly emerged from theories of sexual orientation. Due to its definition, many view asexuality as an overall repulsion to sex, lacking the attraction necessary to be classified as an orientation. Asexuality, however, has not conformed to the two most widely used models of sexual orientation - one being Storm's two-dimensional model and the other being Kinsley's traditional one-dimensional model.
Then, this idea of nature would be changed by interpretations of particular historical moments and relationships of power. In this sense, the natural must be understood as deeply rooted in social conventions as Foucault tries to redefine in “History of Sexuality”. Consequently, the notion of gender extends to encompass the very opposition of sex and gender / nature and culture. Understood as a discursive effect that places such oppositions outside the limits of discourse, the very language is the one that generates the discourse. Therefore, sex and gender do not
So what then is sexuality and gender? Sexuality could mean different things. According to the “English Dictionary”, is that which is characterized or distinguished by sex. It simply means the characteristics displayed by boy or girl. Another definition from Google says it’s a person’s sexual orientation or preference which means a person’s free will to like a different sexual partner or same sexual partner.
This means that the society’s expectations confirm the behavioural, psychological and physical qualities that are related to the particular gender. Moreover, gender identity is a persons sense of self-identification as a female, male, both, neither or somewhere in between. On the other hand, sexuality influences gender but it focuses on a persons sexual orientation/preferences and their capacity for sexual feelings. How a person identifies their gender may be very arguable in many scientific fields, including psychology. This is because researchers have different point of views, regarding how much of gender is due to biological and evolutionary factors (nature), or, they claim, that it might be the result of the person’s culture and their socialisation (nurture).
Harassment does not have to be of a sexual nature, however, and can include offensive remarks about a person’s sex. For example, it is illegal to harass a woman by making offensive comments about women in general. In the same way, both victim and the harasser can be either a woman or a man, and the victim and harasser can be the same sex.
GENDER EQUALITY Gender equality refers to a concept where the rights, responsibilities and opportunities offered are not determined by sex. It implies equal opportunities by focusing on the individual’s capabilities instead of their gender. THREE DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO GENDER EQUALITY: • The Equal Treatment approach: This is based on the belief that women and men should be treated equally. In effect, this often meant women were treated the same as men. This approach thus failed to address the differences between men and women.
In What about Gender Roles in Same-Sex Relationships?, Stephen Mays critiques various gender stereotypes, including ones affecting gay people and straight people, both men and women. In Mays opinion, gender roles do not determine sex (male or female), therefore I agree with the author’s point of view that what a partner in a same-sex relationship may decide to do in a relationship is not pre-determined by their biological sex.Mays stated, “[d]espite sexual orientation, some people simply demonstrate more masculine qualities or more feminine qualities” (719). In gender roles, a male or female in the past was based on societies’ definitions that they are supposed to practice something that defines or pertains to their role in the relationship.
That is why, in a specific political context, the reclaiming of the word queer came to stand in opposition to not only the hetero-normative but also other ways of defining heterosexual categories. The visibility of queer bodies and the definitions that are described to such visible bodies goes further than simply identifying gay and lesbian bodies. The act of ‘coming out’ shapes the understanding of queer visibility, especially for political and social agendas. Leo Bersani’s work “Is the rectum a grave?” assesses the mode of visibility that the discourse of AIDS utilizes in order to “represent” gay men as vessels of venereal diseases and sexually promiscuous and insatiable beings. This is indicative of the violence of definitions of maleness and homosexuality as they are promulgated in a heterosexist discourse of a phallocentric patriarchal society.
Although behavioural boundaries between the sexes may vary culturally, male persons are clearly differentiated from female persons; and progeny is assured by normative societal rules which correlate male and female gender roles with sexual behaviour, marriage, and the family. There is a general expectation in every society that a majority of adult men and women will cohabit and produce the next generation. Social pressure is thus applied in the direction of marriage. The general rule is that one should not remain single. Indian view towards homosexuality Cross-gender behaviour is accepted in other societies because it is believed that some supernatural event makes people that way prior to birth, or that the behaviour is acquired through some mystical force or dream after birth.