Have you ever know that rheumatism is just a common name for all rheumatic diseases without specifying the types! While rheumatism is a word that describes unspecified rheumatic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in the joints. This disease happens mostly to women at their middle age, but it also happens to young people. In addition, this disease develops differentially depending on the patients’ condition and because of its unspecific symptoms. As a result, there is just general treatment to reduce these symptoms, so many people with the disease lose their joint's function.
The heart disorders people can suffer from are heart rhythm disorders, changes in the structure and function of the heart muscles, and congestive heart failure, which is the inability of the heart to pump enough blood to the body. The bone disorder people can suffer from is osteoporosis (Mayo Clinic). People that have Graves' disease and then also gain these disorders on top of it because of their disease have so much to deal with. People need to stop thinking that Graves' disease isn't as important as other diseases because it affects people and their lives a fair amount. Adding on to these complications is thyroid
The mechanism of the injury is unique to each group however, with high-energy injury being more common in the younger group and low-energy injuries being more common in older groups”.³ Colles’ fractures can be seen across and these fractures are most commonly a result of strain rate, showing how important it is to land properly when falling on the wrist and to not keep it outstretched, and how important it is to reduce the strain rate on the radius bone.⁴ Many causes of a Colles’ fracture are due to Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a condition where bones are prone to easy breakage due to lack of calcium or vitamin D. When a Colles’ fracture is first diagnosed, the most important thing to do is immobilize ones wrist. The more the fractured wrist is moved, the more pain and swelling will be received. To alleviate the pain and swelling, elevate the wrist above the level of the heart with a cast or splint. Simple pain medications like Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen help to decrease the pain from the fracture.
This subsequently leads to excessive formation and breakdown of bone. Because of these factors, Paget's disease is also known as osteitis deformans, and "...is the second [most] common metabolic bone condition after osteoporosis" (Tuck). This disease most commonly affects adults around the ages of fifty and beyond. There are many factors revolving around Paget's disease that are constantly being studied and clarified such as the causes of the disease, tests to diagnose and identify it, possible treatments, and the expected outcome of a person that has been affected.
OP has become a major health problem, which is expected to worsen with aging populations worldwide1. During the past three decades, a range of medications has been used for the prevention and treatment of OP, but some of them are entirely satisfactory. For example, bisphosphonates can lead to atypical femoral fractures and osteonecrosis of the jaw with long-term use, although it can effectively reduce the loss of bone mass; hormone replacement therapy is recommended only in women who also have menopausal symptoms, and some drugs like Raloxifene can increase the risk of blood clots and strokes. Denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody, acts as a new drug for the treatment of OP, has also many side effects include low calcium blood levels, infections, skin and jawbone problems, and pain in the muscles, back, arms and legs2. Therefore, it is always necessary to look for some novel therapies of treatment.
Bones and teeth: A lack of calcium can cause long-term problems with bones and teeth that can continue into adulthood. Lack of calcium causes weakness in teeth and bones which in later life can develop into a disease called osteroporosis, which causes older people’s bones to fracture easily. Tooth decay: If the diet includes too many sugary foods, including fruit juices there is a danger of tooth decay. When younger children’s milk teeth are affected, the adult teeth sitting under the gums can also become decay. Obesity: There is a direct link between young children’s eating habits and them becoming overweight and obese later on.
Snoring affects both the sufferers and their partners, who become almost responsible for ensuring the issue becomes addressed as a medical problem. Sleep deprivation show elevated levels of an immunologic proteins in blood called cytokines, which indicates a heighten state of inflammation. Inflammation is believed to contribute to diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. Obesity is another predictor of sleep apnea Obesity is primary risk factor for OSA. Added weight means the level of fat increases on the back of the throat, consequently narrowing the airway.
If treatment for ECC is delayed, the difficulty in treatment and the cost effectiveness increases. The most common immediate consequence of untreated dental caries is dental pain affecting their eating, talking, playing and sleeping. Children having ECC are at greater risk of developing more caries in their primary and permanent dentition. Severe ECC can deteriorate the child’s anterior esthetics at an early age. Subsequently, the child may suffer from difficulties involving speech articulation as these initial years are critical for speech development.
Patient centered care is an approach of forming a therapeutic relationship between care providers, older people and families, mainly focusing on the values and respect (lenus). Care of which is respectful to an individual’s needs, values, social circumstances, lifestyles and family situations by putting them at the centre of care is a priority. This is a way of thinking and doing things in a way of using health and social services as partners. Meeting the needs of the older person include personalising the care of preference, taking account the physical comfort and safety of the individual and Making sure patient has access to appropriate care when they need it. Involvement of families is important as the centre of decisions, whilst working along side professionals for the best outcome.
Complications include: (Grossman & Porth, 2014). • Anemia- When your kidneys are not working correctly, your body may not have enough red blood cells • Skeletal Disorders- ESRD can cause bone tenderness and muscle weakness. • Heart disease- Heart disease is the most common cause of death among people on dialysis. Also, fluid build-up can occur, you may notice a faster heartbeat and swelling that starts in your feet and ankles and moves upward. • Neuromuscular disorder-Peripheral neuropathy usually affects the lower limbs more than the upper limbs.