As an African American educator I am unable to do many things, such as voting and having access to economic opportunities. There are many Americans who are able to vote due to the fact of their skin tone which is simply unfair. We are all Americans we just have somewhat of a different race. In past times many African American citizens and other races suffered from slavery and inequality. This took a huge turn after the Civil Rights Movement.
However, mostly used with the black or African American. Despite the controversy with the Negro history, the term was basically used with the origin of negro history is from the slavery term. Or with the slave mentality in mind. African American History evolved throughout the 20th century by a vast number of things from politics to entertainment. Then to education, business, health and medicine.
The movements during and shortly after the Reconstruction Era focused on African Americans civil rights and integrating them into society successfully6. President Lincoln started the integration of African Americans by issuing the Emancipation Proclamation during the Civil War. The Emancipation Proclamation focused specifically on African Americans, and ignored the women’s civil rights movement, which was growing rapidly during the Civil War. Many people during the Reconstruction Era, such as Fredrick Douglass, viewed the issue of getting rights for newly freed slaves more important than getting females new rights. As a matter of fact, most court cases that were brought in front of courts during and shortly after the Reconstruction Era dealt
In this way of helping the slaves, the most famous person was Harriet Tubman, who was a slave as well. She helped more than three hundred black people to reach the safe places. Thanks to the Underground Railroad, about 75,000 slaves escaped before the Civil War began. However, in the North most people were opposed to the extreme abolitionists. Northerners thought that extremists’ made a peaceful end of the slavery impossible.
Fredrick Douglass was an enslaved African American who escaped slavery and became a leader of the abolition movement. Douglass wrote two novels which would become bestsellers and this would really help in the abolition movement. In 1860, Abraham Lincoln became the first republican to win an election. During the civil war which took place in 1863, Abraham Lincoln was against slavery in America and he said that after January 1st all slaves that where on rebel territory shall be free people. Then in 1865 slavery had not existed anymore.
The era of reconstruction came after the civil war. People still argue that the blacks were fully free or not. African Americans were not free during the civil war. This is one example of how african americans were not fully free during the era of reconstruction . African Americans were not allowed to be in the city limits of Opelousas or they will be charged a fine of five dollars and do two days in jail and then work on public street.
African Americans fought in the Civil War on the Union and Confederate side. Most of the slaves were free and run away slaves. The emancipation proclamation helped the slaves be free and get their citizenship. Black soldiers did not receive equal or treatment white soldiers made more money. In June 1864 Congress granted retroactive equal pay meaning blacks and whites made the same pay.
Black people worked hard to get the rights that all Americans are supposed to have. The Civil Rights Movement Black people fought these laws from the start. For example, many people refused to use businesses that were unfair to black people. After a little more than a year, bus companies no longer forced black people to sit in the back. To do it, they had to change their rules and serve black people the same way they served white people.
According to the chart of voting and jury rights of Blacks in the North in 1860, only five out of sixteen northern states allowed Blacks the right to vote (Doc A). This shows that even though fourteen percent of the population of America at the time was Black, they did not always get to vote. They cannot vote for people to represent them in government. This leads back to when Britain was taxing the colonies even though they had no representation in the British parliament. The Blacks are being taxed, yet they have no representation in government.